Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 2529–2533 | Cite as

A magnetic levitation robotic camera for minimally invasive surgery: Useful for NOTES?

  • Nicola Di Lorenzo
  • Livia CenciEmail author
  • Massimiliano Simi
  • Claudio Arcudi
  • Valeria Tognoni
  • Achille Lucio Gaspari
  • Pietro Valdastri



Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is rising in popularity generating a revolution in operative medicine during the past few decades. Although laparoscopic techniques have not significantly changed in the last 10 years, several advances have been made in visualization devices and instrumentation.


Our team, composed of surgeons and biomedical engineers, developed a magnetic levitation camera (MLC) with a magnetic internal mechanism dedicated to MIS. Three animal trials were performed. Porcine acute model has been chosen after animal ethical committee approval, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, nephrectomy and hernioplastic repair have been performed.


MLC permits to complete efficiently several two-port laparoscopy surgeries reducing patients’ invasiveness and at the same time saving surgeon’s dexterity.


We strongly believe that insertable and softly tethered devices like MLS camera will be an integral part of future surgical systems, thus improving procedures efficiency, minimizing invasiveness and enhancing surgeon dexterity and versatility of visions angles.


Robotic surgery Magnetic levitation camera NOTES Minimally invasive surgery Single-access surgery Magnetic internal mechanism 


Compliance with ethical standards


Drs. Nicola Di Lorenzo, Livia Cenci, Massimiliano Simi, Claudio Arcudi, Valeria Tognoni, Achille Lucio Gaspari and Pietro Valdastri have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicola Di Lorenzo
    • 1
  • Livia Cenci
    • 1
    Email author
  • Massimiliano Simi
    • 2
  • Claudio Arcudi
    • 1
  • Valeria Tognoni
    • 1
  • Achille Lucio Gaspari
    • 1
  • Pietro Valdastri
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Experimental Medicine and SurgeryUniversity of Roma Tor VergataRomeItaly
  2. 2.The BioRobotics InstituteScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly
  3. 3.STORM Lab UK, School of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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