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Table 4 Comparison of the incidence of acute postoperative pain in relation to different types of fixation in RCT’s

From: Guidelines for laparoscopic treatment of ventral and incisional abdominal wall hernias (International Endohernia Society (IEHS)—Part 1

Authors Study Total patients (groups) Type of fixation Assessment (weeks or daysa) Acute pain Sut/FS/tack p Value Level of evidence
Wassenaar et al. [286] RCT 172 (56/60/56) SR+T vs T vs SN+T 2/6/18 NS/NS/NS >0.05 1b
Bansal et al. [181] RCT 68 (32/36) SN vs T 1a/1/12 S/S/S <0.05 1b
Beldi et al. [254] RCT 40 (20/20) SN vs T 6/24 S/NS 0.020 1b
Eriksen et al. [287] RCT 38 (19/19) FS vs T 2a/10a S/S 0.025 1b
Nguyen et al. [288] Prospective comparative. 50 (29/21) SN vs T 1/4/8 NS/NS/NS >0.05 2b
  1. Sut suture, FS fibrin sealant, RCT randomized controlled trial, SR resorbable suture, T tacks, SN nonresorbable suture, NS nonsignificant, S significant