Skip to main content

Guidelines for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Varin O, Velstra B, De Sutter S, Ceelen W (2009) Total vs partial fundoplication in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a meta-analysis. Arch Surg 144:273–278

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Granderath FA, Kamolz T, Schweiger UM, Pointner R (2003) Laparoscopic refundoplication with prosthetic hiatal closure for recurrent hiatal hernia after primary failed antireflux surgery. Arch Surg 138:902–907

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Everhart JE (ed) (2008) The burden of digestive diseases in the United States. US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. NIH Publication No. 09-6443

  4. 4.

    Falk GW, Fennerty MB, Rothstein RI (2006) AGA Institute medical position statement on the use of endoscopic therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology 131:1313–1314

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Kahrilas PJ, Shaheen NJ, Vaezi MF, Hiltz SW, Black E, Modlin IM, Johnson SP, Allen J, Brill JV (2008) American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology 135:1383-1391 (1391: e1381–1385)

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Wetscher GJ, Redmont EJ, Vititi LMH (1993) Pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease. In: Hinder RA (ed) Gastroesophageal reflux disease. R.G. Landes, Austin, TX, pp 7–29

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Little AG (1992) Mechanisms of action of antireflux surgery: theory and fact. World J Surg 16:320–325

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Ireland AC, Holloway RH, Toouli J, Dent J (1993) Mechanisms underlying the antireflux action of fundoplication. Gut 34:303–308

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Lundell LR, Dent J, Bennett JR, Blum AL, Armstrong D, Galmiche JP, Johnson F, Hongo M, Richter JE, Spechler SJ, Tytgat GN, Wallin L (1999) Endoscopic assessment of oesophagitis: clinical and functional correlates and further validation of the Los Angeles classification. Gut 45:172–180

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Tam WC, Holloway RH, Dent J, Rigda R, Schoeman MN (2004) Impact of endoscopic suturing of the gastroesophageal junction on lower esophageal sphincter function and gastroesophageal reflux in patients with reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol 99:195–202

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Armstrong D, Bennett JR, Blum AL, Dent J, De Dombal FT, Galmiche JP, Lundell L, Margulies M, Richter JE, Spechler SJ, Tytgat GN, Wallin L (1996) The endoscopic assessment of esophagitis: a progress report on observer agreement. Gastroenterology 111:85–92

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Hassall E (1993) Barrett’s esophagus: congenital or acquired? Am J Gastroenterol 88:819–824

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Francalanci P, De Angelis P, Minnei F, Diomedi Camassei F, Torroni F, Dall’Oglio L, Callea F (2008) Eosinophilic esophagitis and Barrett’s esophagus: an occasional association or an overlap disease? Esophageal ‘double trouble’ in two children. Digestion 77:16–19

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Jamieson JR, Stein HJ, DeMeester TR, Bonavina L, Schwizer W, Hinder RA, Albertucci M (1992) Ambulatory 24-h esophageal pH monitoring: normal values, optimal thresholds, specificity, sensitivity, and reproducibility. Am J Gastroenterol 87:1102–1111

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Gunnarsdottir A, Stenstrom P, Arnbjornsson E (2007) 48-Hour wireless oesophageal pH-monitoring in children: are two days better than one? Eur J Pediatr Surg 17:378–381

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Ayazi S, Lipham JC, Portale G, Peyre CG, Streets CG, Leers JM, Demeester SR, Banki F, Chan LS, Hagen JA, Demeester TR (2009) Bravo catheter-free pH monitoring: normal values, concordance, optimal diagnostic thresholds, and accuracy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 7:60–67

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Castell DO, Vela M (2001) Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH-metry: an evolving technique to measure type and proximal extent of gastroesophageal reflux. Am J Med 111(Suppl 8A):157S–159S

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Spechler SJ, Goyal RK (1996) The columnar-lined esophagus, intestinal metaplasia, and Norman Barrett. Gastroenterology 110:614–621

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Lagergren J, Bergstrom R, Lindgren A, Nyren O (1999) Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. N Engl J Med 340:825–831

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Rakita S, Villadolid D, Thomas A, Bloomston M, Albrink M, Goldin S, Rosemurgy A (2006) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication offers high patient satisfaction with relief of extraesophageal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am Surg 72:207–212

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Meyer TK, Olsen E, Merati A (2004) Contemporary diagnostic and management techniques for extraesophageal reflux disease. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 12:519–524

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Lindstrom DR, Wallace J, Loehrl TA, Merati AL, Toohill RJ (2002) Nissen fundoplication surgery for extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux (EER). Laryngoscope 112:1762–1765

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Oelschlager BK, Eubanks TR, Oleynikov D, Pope C, Pellegrini CA (2002) Symptomatic and physiologic outcomes after operative treatment for extraesophageal reflux. Surg Endosc 16:1032–1036

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Yau P, Watson DI, Devitt PG, Game PA, Jamieson GG (2000) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with Barrett esophagus. Arch Surg 135:801–805

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Rossi M, Barreca M, de Bortoli N, Renzi C, Santi S, Gennai A, Bellini M, Costa F, Conio M, Marchi S (2006) Efficacy of Nissen fundoplication versus medical therapy in the regression of low-grade dysplasia in patients with Barrett esophagus: a prospective study. Ann Surg 243:58–63

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Chang EY, Morris CD, Seltman AK, O’Rourke RW, Chan BK, Hunter JG, Jobe BA (2007) The effect of antireflux surgery on esophageal carcinogenesis in patients with Barrett esophagus: a systematic review. Ann Surg 246:11–21

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Fibbe C, Layer P, Keller J, Strate U, Emmermann A, Zornig C (2001) Esophageal motility in reflux disease before and after fundoplication: a prospective, randomized, clinical, and manometric study. Gastroenterology 121:5–14

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Yang H, Watson DI, Kelly J, Lally CJ, Myers JC, Jamieson GG (2007) Esophageal manometry and clinical outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 11:1126–1133

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Frantzides CT, Carlson MA, Madan AK, Stewart ET, Smith C (2003) Selective use of esophageal manometry and 24-hour pH monitoring before laparoscopic fundoplication. J Am Coll Surg 197:358–363 (discussion 363–354)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Wayman J, Myers JC, Jamieson GG (2007) Preoperative gastric emptying and patterns of reflux as predictors of outcome after laparoscopic fundoplication. Br J Surg 94:592–598

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Spechler SJ, Lee E, Ahnen D, Goyal RK, Hirano I, Ramirez F, Raufman JP, Sampliner R, Schnell T, Sontag S, Vlahcevic ZR, Young R, Williford W (2001) Long-term outcome of medical and surgical therapies for gastroesophageal reflux disease: follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 285:2331–2338

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Anvari M, Allen C, Marshall J, Armstrong D, Goeree R, Ungar W, Goldsmith C (2006) A randomized controlled trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication versus proton pump inhibitors for treatment of patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease: one-year follow-up. Surg Innov 13:238–249

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Mahon D, Rhodes M, Decadt B, Hindmarsh A, Lowndes R, Beckingham I, Koo B, Newcombe RG (2005) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication compared with proton-pump inhibitors for treatment of chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux. Br J Surg 92:695–699

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Mehta S, Bennett J, Mahon D, Rhodes M (2006) Prospective trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication versus proton pump inhibitor therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease: seven-year follow-up. J Gastrointest Surg 10:1312–1316 (discussion 1316–1317)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Lundell L, Miettinen P, Myrvold HE, Pedersen SA, Thor K, Lamm M, Blomqvist A, Hatlebakk JG, Janatuinen E, Levander K, Nystrom P, Wiklund I (2000) Long-term management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease with omeprazole or open antireflux surgery: results of a prospective, randomized clinical trial. The Nordic GORD Study Group. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 12:879–887

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  36. 36.

    Lundell L, Attwood S, Ell C, Fiocca R, Galmiche JP, Hatlebakk J, Lind T, Junghard O (2008) Comparing laparoscopic antireflux surgery with esomeprazole in the management of patients with chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a 3-year interim analysis of the LOTUS trial. Gut 57:1207–1213

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. 37.

    Lundell L, Miettinen P, Myrvold HE, Hatlebakk JG, Wallin L, Malm A, Sutherland I, Walan A (2007) Seven-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial comparing proton-pump inhibition with surgical therapy for reflux oesophagitis. Br J Surg 94:198–203

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. 38.

    Anvari M, Allen C, Borm A (1995) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is a satisfactory alternative to long-term omeprazole therapy. Br J Surg 82:938–942

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. 39.

    Ciovica R, Gadenstatter M, Klingler A, Lechner W, Riedl O, Schwab GP (2006) Quality of life in GERD patients: medical treatment versus antireflux surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 10:934–939

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  40. 40.

    Jenkinson AD, Kadirkamanathan SS, Scott SM, Yazaki E, Evans DF (2004) Relationship between symptom response and oesophageal acid exposure after medical and surgical treatment for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Br J Surg 91:1460–1465

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. 41.

    Dassinger MS, Torquati A, Houston HL, Holzman MD, Sharp KW, Richards WO (2004) Laparoscopic fundoplication: 5-year follow-up. Am Surg 70:691–694 (discussion 694–695)

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  42. 42.

    Kamolz T, Granderath FA, Schweiger UM, Pointner R (2005) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in patients with nonerosive reflux disease. Long-term quality-of-life assessment and surgical outcome. Surg Endosc 19:494–500

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  43. 43.

    Rosenthal R, Peterli R, Guenin MO, von Flue M, Ackermann C (2006) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery: long-term outcomes and quality of life. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 16:557–561

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. 44.

    Zaninotto G, Portale G, Costantini M, Rizzetto C, Guirroli E, Ceolin M, Salvador R, Rampado S, Prandin O, Ruol A, Ancona E (2007) Long-term results (6–10 years) of laparoscopic fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 11:1138–1145

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  45. 45.

    Pessaux P, Arnaud JP, Delattre JF, Meyer C, Baulieux J, Mosnier H (2005) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery: five-year results and beyond in 1340 patients. Arch Surg 140:946–951

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  46. 46.

    Lord RV, Kaminski A, Oberg S, Bowrey DJ, Hagen JA, DeMeester SR, Sillin LF, Peters JH, Crookes PF, DeMeester TR (2002) Absence of gastroesophageal reflux disease in a majority of patients taking acid suppression medications after Nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 6:3–9 (discussion 10)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  47. 47.

    Anvari M, Allen C (2003) Five-year comprehensive outcomes evaluation in 181 patients after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Am Coll Surg 196:51–57 (discussion 57–58; author reply 58–59)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  48. 48.

    Myrvold HE, Lundell L, Miettinen P, Pedersen SA, Liedman B, Hatlebakk J, Julkunen R, Levander K, Lamm M, Mattson C, Carlsson J, Stahlhammar NO (2001) The cost of long term therapy for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a randomised trial comparing omeprazole and open antireflux surgery. Gut 49:488–494

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  49. 49.

    Heudebert GR, Marks R, Wilcox CM, Centor RM (1997) Choice of long-term strategy for the management of patients with severe esophagitis: a cost-utility analysis. Gastroenterology 112:1078–1086

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  50. 50.

    Arguedas MR, Heudebert GR, Klapow JC, Centor RM, Eloubeidi MA, Wilcox CM, Spechler SJ (2004) Re-examination of the cost-effectiveness of surgical versus medical therapy in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: the value of long-term data collection. Am J Gastroenterol 99:1023–1028

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  51. 51.

    Attwood SE, Lundell L, Ell C, Galmiche JP, Hatlebakk J, Fiocca R, Lind T, Eklund S, Junghard O (2008) Standardization of surgical technique in antireflux surgery: the LOTUS Trial experience. World J Surg 32:995–998

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  52. 52.

    Soper NJ, Dunnegan D (1999) Anatomic fundoplication failure after laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Ann Surg 229:669–676 (discussion 676–667)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  53. 53.

    Watson DI, Baigrie RJ, Jamieson GG (1996) A learning curve for laparoscopic fundoplication. Definable, avoidable, or a waste of time? Ann Surg 224:198–203

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  54. 54.

    Deschamps C, Allen MS, Trastek VF, Johnson JO, Pairolero PC (1998) Early experience and learning curve associated with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 115:281–284 (discussion 284–285)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  55. 55.

    Contini S, Bertele A, Nervi G, Zinicola R, Scarpignato C (2002) Quality of life for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease 2 years after laparoscopic fundoplication. Evaluation of the results obtained during the initial experience. Surg Endosc 16:1555–1560

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  56. 56.

    Contini S, Scarpignato C (2004) Does the learning phase influence the late outcome of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease after laparoscopic fundoplication? Surg Endosc 18:266–271

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  57. 57.

    Funch-Jensen P, Bendixen A, Iversen MG, Kehlet H (2008) Complications and frequency of redo antireflux surgery in Denmark: a nationwide study, 1997–2005. Surg Endosc 22:627–630

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  58. 58.

    Bais JE, Bartelsman JF, Bonjer HJ, Cuesta MA, Go PM, Klinkenberg-Knol EC, van Lanschot JJ, Nadorp JH, Smout AJ, van der Graaf Y, Gooszen HG (2000) Laparoscopic or conventional Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: randomised clinical trial. The Netherlands Antireflux Surgery Study Group. Lancet 355:170–174

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  59. 59.

    Catarci M, Gentileschi P, Papi C, Carrara A, Marrese R, Gaspari AL, Grassi GB (2004) Evidence-based appraisal of antireflux fundoplication. Ann Surg 239:325–337

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  60. 60.

    Chrysos E, Tsiaoussis J, Athanasakis E, Zoras O, Vassilakis JS, Xynos E (2002) Laparoscopic vs open approach for Nissen fundoplication. A comparative study. Surg Endosc 16:1679–1684

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  61. 61.

    Draaisma WA, Buskens E, Bais JE, Simmermacher RK, Rijnhart-de Jong HG, Broeders IA, Gooszen HG (2006) Randomized clinical trial and follow-up study of cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic versus conventional Nissen fundoplication. Br J Surg 93:690–697

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  62. 62.

    Draaisma WA, Rijnhart-de Jong HG, Broeders IA, Smout AJ, Furnee EJ, Gooszen HG (2006) Five-year subjective and objective results of laparoscopic and conventional Nissen fundoplication: a randomized trial. Ann Surg 244:34–41

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  63. 63.

    Franzen T, Anderberg B, Wiren M, Johansson KE (2005) Long-term outcome is worse after laparoscopic than after conventional Nissen fundoplication. Scand J Gastroenterol 40:1261–1268

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  64. 64.

    Hakanson BS, Thor KB, Thorell A, Ljungqvist O (2007) Open vs laparoscopic partial posterior fundoplication. A prospective randomized trial. Surg Endosc 21:289–298

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  65. 65.

    Heikkinen TJ, Haukipuro K, Bringman S, Ramel S, Sorasto A, Hulkko A (2000) Comparison of laparoscopic and open Nissen fundoplication 2 years after operation. A prospective randomized trial. Surg Endosc 14:1019–1023

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  66. 66.

    Heikkinen TJ, Haukipuro K, Koivukangas P, Sorasto A, Autio R, Sodervik H, Makela H, Hulkko A (1999) Comparison of costs between laparoscopic and open Nissen fundoplication: a prospective randomized study with a 3-month followup. J Am Coll Surg 188:368–376

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  67. 67.

    Heikkinen TJ, Haukipuro K, Sorasto A, Autio R, Sodervik H, Makela H, Hulkko A (2000) Short-term symptomatic outcome and quality of life after laparoscopic versus open Nissen fundoplication: a prospective randomized trial. Int J Surg Investig 2:33–39

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  68. 68.

    Laine S, Rantala A, Gullichsen R, Ovaska J (1997) Laparoscopic vs conventional Nissen fundoplication. A prospective randomized study. Surg Endosc 11:441–444

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  69. 69.

    Luostarinen M, Virtanen J, Koskinen M, Matikainen M, Isolauri J (2001) Dysphagia and oesophageal clearance after laparoscopic versus open Nissen fundoplication. A randomized, prospective trial. Scand J Gastroenterol 36:565–571

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  70. 70.

    McHoney M, Eaton S, Wade A, Klein NJ, Stefanutti G, Booth C, Kiely EM, Curry JI, Drake DP, Pierro A (2005) Inflammatory response in children after laparoscopic vs open Nissen fundoplication: randomized controlled trial. J Pediatr Surg 40:908–913 (discussion 913–904)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  71. 71.

    Nilsson G, Larsson S, Johnsson F (2000) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic versus open fundoplication: blind evaluation of recovery and discharge period. Br J Surg 87:873–878

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  72. 72.

    Nilsson G, Larsson S, Johnsson F (2002) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic versus open fundoplication: evaluation of psychological well-being and changes in everyday life from a patient perspective. Scand J Gastroenterol 37:385–391

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  73. 73.

    Nilsson G, Wenner J, Larsson S, Johnsson F (2004) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic versus open fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux. Br J Surg 91:552–559

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  74. 74.

    Perttila J, Salo M, Ovaska J, Gronroos J, Lavonius M, Katila A, Lahteenmaki M, Pulkki K (1999) Immune response after laparoscopic and conventional Nissen fundoplication. Eur J Surg 165:21–28

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  75. 75.

    Peters MJ, Mukhtar A, Yunus RM, Khan S, Pappalardo J, Memon B, Memon MA (2009) Meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials comparing open and laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery. Am J Gastroenterol 104:1548–1561 (quiz 1547, 1562)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  76. 76.

    Salminen PT, Hiekkanen HI, Rantala AP, Ovaska JT (2007) Comparison of long-term outcome of laparoscopic and conventional Nissen fundoplication: a prospective randomized study with an 11-year follow-up. Ann Surg 246:201–206

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  77. 77.

    Wenner J, Nilsson G, Oberg S, Melin T, Larsson S, Johnsson F (2001) Short-term outcome after laparoscopic and open 360 degrees fundoplication. A prospective randomized trial. Surg Endosc 15:1124–1128

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  78. 78.

    Ackroyd R, Watson DI, Majeed AW, Troy G, Treacy PJ, Stoddard CJ (2004) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic versus open fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Br J Surg 91:975–982

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  79. 79.

    Sietses C, Wiezer MJ, Eijsbouts QA, Beelen RH, van Leeuwen PA, von Blomberg BM, Meijer S, Cuesta MA (1999) A prospective randomized study of the systemic immune response after laparoscopic and conventional Nissen fundoplication. Surgery 126:5–9

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  80. 80.

    Sietses C, Wiezer MJ, Eijsbouts QA, van Leeuwen PA, Beelen RH, Meijer S, Cuesta MA (2000) The influence of laparoscopic surgery on postoperative polymorphonuclear leukocyte function. Surg Endosc 14:812–816

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  81. 81.

    Baigrie RJ, Cullis SN, Ndhluni AJ, Cariem A (2005) Randomized double-blind trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication versus anterior partial fundoplication. Br J Surg 92:819–823

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  82. 82.

    Chrysos E, Tsiaoussis J, Zoras OJ, Athanasakis E, Mantides A, Katsamouris A, Xynos E (2003) Laparoscopic surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease patients with impaired esophageal peristalsis: total or partial fundoplication? J Am Coll Surg 197:8–15

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  83. 83.

    Hagedorn C, Lonroth H, Rydberg L, Ruth M, Lundell L (2002) Long-term efficacy of total (Nissen-Rossetti) and posterior partial (Toupet) fundoplication: results of a randomized clinical trial. J Gastrointest Surg 6:540–545

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  84. 84.

    Laws HL, Clements RH, Swillie CM (1997) A randomized, prospective comparison of the Nissen fundoplication versus the Toupet fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ann Surg 225:647–653 (discussion 654)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  85. 85.

    Lundell L, Abrahamsson H, Ruth M, Sandberg N, Olbe LC (1991) Lower esophageal sphincter characteristics and esophageal acid exposure following partial or 360 degrees fundoplication: results of a prospective, randomized, clinical study. World J Surg 15:115–120 (discussion 121)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  86. 86.

    Segol P, Hay JM, Pottier D (1989) Surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux: which operation to choose: Nissen, Toupet or Lortat-Jacob? A multicenter randomized trial. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 13:873–879

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  87. 87.

    Walker SJ, Holt S, Sanderson CJ, Stoddard CJ (1992) Comparison of Nissen total and Lind partial transabdominal fundoplication in the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux. Br J Surg 79:410–414

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  88. 88.

    Watson DI, Jamieson GG, Lally C, Archer S, Bessell JR, Booth M, Cade R, Cullingford G, Devitt PG, Fletcher DR, Hurley J, Kiroff G, Martin CJ, Martin IJ, Nathanson LK, Windsor JA (2004) Multicenter, prospective, double-blind, randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen vs anterior 90 degrees partial fundoplication. Arch Surg 139:1160–1167

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  89. 89.

    Watson DI, Jamieson GG, Pike GK, Davies N, Richardson M, Devitt PG (1999) Prospective randomized double-blind trial between laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication and anterior partial fundoplication. Br J Surg 86:123–130

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  90. 90.

    Spence GM, Watson DI, Jamiesion GG, Lally CJ, Devitt PG (2006) Single center prospective randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen versus anterior 90 degrees fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 10:698–705

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  91. 91.

    Thor KB, Silander T (1989) A long-term randomized prospective trial of the Nissen procedure versus a modified Toupet technique. Ann Surg 210:719–724

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  92. 92.

    Zornig C, Strate U, Fibbe C, Emmermann A, Layer P (2002) Nissen vs Toupet laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Endosc 16:758–766

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  93. 93.

    Lundell L, Abrahamsson H, Ruth M, Rydberg L, Lonroth H, Olbe L (1996) Long-term results of a prospective randomized comparison of total fundic wrap (Nissen–Rossetti) or semifundoplication (Toupet) for gastro-oesophageal reflux. Br J Surg 83:830–835

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  94. 94.

    Strate U, Emmermann A, Fibbe C, Layer P, Zornig C (2008) Laparoscopic fundoplication: Nissen versus Toupet two-year outcome of a prospective randomized study of 200 patients regarding preoperative esophageal motility. Surg Endosc 22:21–30

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  95. 95.

    Hunter JG, Trus TL, Branum GD, Waring JP, Wood WC (1996) A physiologic approach to laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ann Surg 223:673–685 (discussion 685–677)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  96. 96.

    Patti MG, Arcerito M, Feo CV, De Pinto M, Tong J, Gantert W, Tyrrell D, Way LW (1998) An analysis of operations for gastroesophageal reflux disease: identifying the important technical elements. Arch Surg 133:600–606 (discussion 606–607)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  97. 97.

    Booth MI, Stratford J, Jones L, Dehn TC (2008) Randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic total (Nissen) versus posterior partial (Toupet) fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease based on preoperative oesophageal manometry. Br J Surg 95:57–63

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  98. 98.

    Cai W, Watson DI, Lally CJ, Devitt PG, Game PA, Jamieson GG (2008) Ten-year clinical outcome of a prospective randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic Nissen versus anterior 180(degrees) partial fundoplication. Br J Surg 95:1501–1505

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  99. 99.

    Woodcock SA, Watson DI, Lally C, Archer S, Bessell JR, Booth M, Cade R, Cullingford GL, Devitt PG, Fletcher DR, Hurley J, Jamieson GG, Kiroff G, Martin CJ, Martin IJ, Nathanson LK, Windsor JA (2006) Quality of life following laparoscopic anterior 90 degrees versus Nissen fundoplication: results from a multicenter randomized trial. World J Surg 30:1856–1863

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  100. 100.

    Ludemann R, Watson DI, Jamieson GG, Game PA, Devitt PG (2005) Five-year follow-up of a randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic total versus anterior 180 degrees fundoplication. Br J Surg 92:240–243

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  101. 101.

    Engstrom C, Lonroth H, Mardani J, Lundell L (2007) An anterior or posterior approach to partial fundoplication? Long-term results of a randomized trial. World J Surg 31:1221–1225 (discussion 1226–1227)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  102. 102.

    Mickevicius A, Endzinas Z, Kiudelis M, Jonaitis L, Kupcinskas L, Maleckas A, Pundzius J (2008) Influence of wrap length on the effectiveness of Nissen and Toupet fundoplication: a prospective randomized study. Surg Endosc 22:2269–2276

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  103. 103.

    Guerin E, Betroune K, Closset J, Mehdi A, Lefebvre JC, Houben JJ, Gelin M, Vaneukem P, El Nakadi I (2007) Nissen versus Toupet fundoplication: results of a randomized and multicenter trial. Surg Endosc 21:1985–1990

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  104. 104.

    Jobe BA, Wallace J, Hansen PD, Swanstrom LL (1997) Evaluation of laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication as a primary repair for all patients with medically resistant gastroesophageal reflux. Surg Endosc 11:1080–1083

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  105. 105.

    Patti MG, Robinson T, Galvani C, Gorodner MV, Fisichella PM, Way LW (2004) Total fundoplication is superior to partial fundoplication even when esophageal peristalsis is weak. J Am Coll Surg 198:863–869 (discussion 869–870)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  106. 106.

    Hagedorn C, Jonson C, Lonroth H, Ruth M, Thune A, Lundell L (2003) Efficacy of an anterior as compared with a posterior laparoscopic partial fundoplication: results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Ann Surg 238:189–196

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  107. 107.

    Yang H, Watson DI, Lally CJ, Devitt PG, Game PA, Jamieson GG (2008) Randomized trial of division versus nondivision of the short gastric vessels during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: 10-year outcomes. Ann Surg 247:38–42

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  108. 108.

    Engstrom C, Blomqvist A, Dalenback J, Lonroth H, Ruth M, Lundell L (2004) Mechanical consequences of short gastric vessel division at the time of laparoscopic total fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 8:442–447

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  109. 109.

    O’Boyle CJ, Watson DI, Jamieson GG, Myers JC, Game PA, Devitt PG (2002) Division of short gastric vessels at laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: a prospective double-blind randomized trial with 5-year follow-up. Ann Surg 235:165–170

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  110. 110.

    Blomqvist A, Dalenback J, Hagedorn C, Lonroth H, Hyltander A, Lundell L (2000) Impact of complete gastric fundus mobilization on outcome after laparoscopic total fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 4:493–500

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  111. 111.

    Chrysos E, Tzortzinis A, Tsiaoussis J, Athanasakis H, Vasssilakis J, Xynos E (2001) Prospective randomized trial comparing Nissen to Nissen-Rossetti technique for laparoscopic fundoplication. Am J Surg 182:215–221

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  112. 112.

    Gad El-Hak N, Abo Zied M, Aboelenen A, Fouad A, Abd Alla T, El-Shoubary M, Kandel T, Hamdy E, Abdel Wahab M, Fathy O, El-ebidy G, Sultan A, Elfiky A, Elghwalby N, Ezzat F (2005) Short gastric vessels division in Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication. Hepatogastroenterology 52:1742–1747

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  113. 113.

    Neufeld M, Graham A (2007) Levels of evidence available for techniques in antireflux surgery. Dis Esophagus 20:161–167

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  114. 114.

    Donahue PE, Larson GM, Stewardson RH, Bombeck CT (1977) Floppy Nissen fundoplication. Rev Surg 34:223–224

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  115. 115.

    DeMeester TR, Bonavina L, Albertucci M (1986) Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Evaluation of primary repair in 100 consecutive patients. Ann Surg 204:9–20

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  116. 116.

    Wu JS, Dunnegan DL, Luttmann DR, Soper NJ (1996) The influence of surgical technique on clinical outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc 10:1164–1169 (discussion 1169–1170)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  117. 117.

    Watson DI, Pike GK, Baigrie RJ, Mathew G, Devitt PG, Britten-Jones R, Jamieson GG (1997) Prospective double-blind randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with division and without division of short gastric vessels. Ann Surg 226:642–652

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  118. 118.

    Anvari M, Allen C (1998) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: two-year comprehensive follow-up of a technique of minimal paraesophageal dissection. Ann Surg 227:25–32

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  119. 119.

    Watson DI, Jamieson GG, Devitt PG, Kennedy JA, Ellis T, Ackroyd R, Lafullarde T, Game PA (2001) A prospective randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with anterior vs posterior hiatal repair. Arch Surg 136:745–751

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  120. 120.

    Gotley DC, Smithers BM, Rhodes M, Menzies B, Branicki FJ, Nathanson L (1996) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication–200 consecutive cases. Gut 38:487–491

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  121. 121.

    Lefebvre JC, Belva P, Takieddine M, Vaneukem P (1998) Laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication: prospective study of 100 cases. Results at one year and literature review. Acta Chir Belg 98:1–4

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  122. 122.

    Zaninotto G, Molena D, Ancona E (2000) A prospective multicenter study on laparoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in Italy: type of surgery, conversions, complications, and early results. Study Group for the laparoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease of the Italian society of endoscopic surgery (SICE). Surg Endosc 14:282–288

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  123. 123.

    Victorzon M, Tolonen P (2003) Symptomatic outcome of laparoscopic fundoplication, using a minimal dissection technique. Scand J Surg 92:138–143

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  124. 124.

    Kala Z, Dolina J, Kysela P, Hermanova M, Prochazka V, Kroupa R, Izakovicova-Holla L, Hep A (2006) Intraoperative manometry of the lower esophageal sphincter pressure during laparoscopic antireflux surgery with a mechanical calibration–early results. Hepatogastroenterology 53:710–714

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  125. 125.

    Morino M, Pellegrino L, Giaccone C, Garrone C, Rebecchi F (2006) Randomized clinical trial of robot-assisted versus laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Br J Surg 93:553–558

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  126. 126.

    Granderath FA, Schweiger UM, Kamolz T, Asche KU, Pointner R (2005) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication with prosthetic hiatal closure reduces postoperative intrathoracic wrap herniation: preliminary results of a prospective randomized functional and clinical study. Arch Surg 140:40–48

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  127. 127.

    Granderath FA (2007) Measurement of the esophageal hiatus by calculation of the hiatal surface area (HSA). Why, when and how? Surg Endosc 21:2224–2225

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  128. 128.

    St Peter SD, Valusek PA, Calkins CM, Shew SB, Ostlie DJ, Holcomb GW III (2007) Use of esophagocrural sutures and minimal esophageal dissection reduces the incidence of postoperative transmigration of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication wrap. J Pediatr Surg 42:25–29 (discussion 29–30)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  129. 129.

    Wykypiel H, Wetscher GJ, Klaus A, Schmid T, Gadenstaetter M, Bodner J, Bodner E (2003) Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial posterior fundoplication with the DaVinci system: initial experiences and technical aspects. Langenbecks Arch Surg 387:411–416

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  130. 130.

    Muller-Stich BP, Reiter MA, Wente MN, Bintintan VV, Koninger J, Buchler MW, Gutt CN (2007) Robot-assisted versus conventional laparoscopic fundoplication: short-term outcome of a pilot randomized controlled trial. Surg Endosc 21:1800–1805

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  131. 131.

    Draaisma WA, Ruurda JP, Scheffer RC, Simmermacher RK, Gooszen HG, Rijnhart-de Jong HG, Buskens E, Broeders IA (2006) Randomized clinical trial of standard laparoscopic versus robot-assisted laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Br J Surg 93:1351–1359

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  132. 132.

    Cadiere GB, Himpens J, Vertruyen M, Bruyns J, Germay O, Leman G, Izizaw R (2001) Evaluation of telesurgical (robotic) Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc 15:918–923

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  133. 133.

    Nakadi IE, Melot C, Closset J, DeMoor V, Betroune K, Feron P, Lingier P, Gelin M (2006) Evaluation of da Vinci Nissen fundoplication clinical results and cost minimization. World J Surg 30:1050–1054

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  134. 134.

    Stefanidis D, Wang F, Korndorffer JR, Jr, Dunne JB, Scott DJ (2010) Robotic assistance improves intracorporeal suturing performance and safety in the operating room while decreasing operator workload. Surg Endosc 24(2):377–382

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  135. 135.

    El-Serag HB, Ergun GA, Pandolfino J, Fitzgerald S, Tran T, Kramer JR (2007) Obesity increases oesophageal acid exposure. Gut 56:749–755

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  136. 136.

    Hampel H, Abraham NS, El-Serag HB (2005) Meta-analysis: obesity and the risk for gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications. Ann Intern Med 143:199–211

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  137. 137.

    Friedenberg FK, Xanthopoulos M, Foster GD, Richter JE (2008) The association between gastroesophageal reflux disease and obesity. Am J Gastroenterol 103:2111–2122

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  138. 138.

    El-Serag H (2008) The association between obesity and GERD: a review of the epidemiological evidence. Dig Dis Sci 53:2307–2312

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  139. 139.

    El-Serag H (2008) Role of obesity in GORD-related disorders. Gut 57:281–284

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  140. 140.

    Murray L, Johnston B, Lane A, Harvey I, Donovan J, Nair P, Harvey R (2003) Relationship between body mass and gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms: The Bristol Helicobacter Project. Int J Epidemiol 32:645–650

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  141. 141.

    El-Serag HB, Graham DY, Satia JA, Rabeneck L (2005) Obesity is an independent risk factor for GERD symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Am J Gastroenterol 100:1243–1250

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  142. 142.

    Fisichella PM, Patti MG (2009) Gastroesophageal reflux disease and morbid obesity: is there a relation? World J Surg 33(10):2034–2038

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  143. 143.

    Morgenthal CB, Lin E, Shane MD, Hunter JG, Smith CD (2007) Who will fail laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication? Preoperative prediction of long-term outcomes. Surg Endosc 21:1978–1984

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  144. 144.

    Perez AR, Moncure AC, Rattner DW (2001) Obesity adversely affects the outcome of antireflux operations. Surg Endosc 15:986–989

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  145. 145.

    Ng VV, Booth MI, Stratford JJ, Jones L, Sohanpal J, Dehn TC (2007) Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is effective in obese patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 89:696–702

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  146. 146.

    Anvari M, Bamehriz F (2006) Outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in patients with body mass index > or = 35. Surg Endosc 20:230–234

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  147. 147.

    Fraser J, Watson DI, O’Boyle CJ, Jamieson GG (2001) Obesity and its effect on outcome of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Dis Esophagus 14:50–53

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  148. 148.

    D’Alessio MJ, Arnaoutakis D, Giarelli N, Villadolid DV, Rosemurgy AS (2005) Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 9:949–954

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  149. 149.

    Kendrick ML, Houghton SG (2006) Gastroesophageal reflux disease in obese patients: the role of obesity in management. Dis Esophagus 19:57–63

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  150. 150.

    Sise A, Friedenberg FK (2008) A comprehensive review of gastroesophageal reflux disease and obesity. Obes Rev 9:194–203

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  151. 151.

    Frezza EE, Ikramuddin S, Gourash W, Rakitt T, Kingston A, Luketich J, Schauer P (2002) Symptomatic improvement in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Surg Endosc 16:1027–1031

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  152. 152.

    Smith SC, Edwards CB, Goodman GN (1997) Symptomatic and clinical improvement in morbidly obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Obes Surg 7:479–484

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  153. 153.

    Patterson EJ, Davis DG, Khajanchee Y, Swanstrom LL (2003) Comparison of objective outcomes following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication versus laparoscopic gastric bypass in the morbidly obese with heartburn. Surg Endosc 17:1561–1565

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  154. 154.

    Raftopoulos I, Awais O, Courcoulas AP, Luketich JD (2004) Laparoscopic gastric bypass after antireflux surgery for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in morbidly obese patients: initial experience. Obes Surg 14:1373–1380

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  155. 155.

    Varela JE, Hinojosa MW, Nguyen NT (2009) Laparoscopic fundoplication compared with laparoscopic gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surg Obes Relat Dis 5:139–143

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  156. 156.

    Ikramuddin S (2008) Surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease in obesity. Dig Dis Sci 53:2318–2329

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  157. 157.

    Perry Y, Courcoulas AP, Fernando HC, Buenaventura PO, McCaughan JS, Luketich JD (2004) Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for recalcitrant gastroesophageal reflux disease in morbidly obese patients. JSLS 8:19–23

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  158. 158.

    Forsell P, Hallerback B, Glise H, Hellers G (1999) Complications following Swedish adjustable gastric banding: a long-term follow-up. Obes Surg 9:11–16

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  159. 159.

    Dixon JB, O’Brien PE (1999) Gastroesophageal reflux in obesity: the effect of lap-band placement. Obes Surg 9:527–531

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  160. 160.

    Gutschow CA, Collet P, Prenzel K, Holscher AH, Schneider PM (2005) Long-term results and gastroesophageal reflux in a series of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. J Gastrointest Surg 9:941–948

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  161. 161.

    Tolonen P, Victorzon M, Niemi R, Makela J (2006) Does gastric banding for morbid obesity reduce or increase gastroesophageal reflux? Obes Surg 16:1469–1474

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  162. 162.

    Patterson EJ, Herron DM, Hansen PD, Ramzi N, Standage BA, Swanstrom LL (2000) Effect of an esophageal bougie on the incidence of dysphagia following Nissen fundoplication: a prospective, blinded, randomized clinical trial. Arch Surg 135:1055–1061 (discussion 1061–1052)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  163. 163.

    Kamolz T, Granderath FA, Pointner R (2003) The outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in relation to patients’ subjective degree of compliance with former antireflux medication. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 13:155–160

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  164. 164.

    Pizza F, Rossetti G, Limongelli P, Del Genio G, Maffettone V, Napolitano V, Brusciano L, Russo G, Tolone S, Di Martino M, Del Genio A (2007) Influence of age on outcome of total laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. World J Gastroenterol 13:740–747

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  165. 165.

    Iqbal A, Kakarlapudi GV, Awad ZT, Haynatzki G, Turaga KK, Karu A, Fritz K, Haider M, Mittal SK, Filipi CJ (2006) Assessment of diaphragmatic stressors as risk factors for symptomatic failure of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 10:12–21

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  166. 166.

    Kamolz T, Granderath FA, Pointner R (2003) Does major depression in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease affect the outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery? Surg Endosc 17:55–60

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  167. 167.

    Kamolz T, Granderath FA, Bammer T, Pasiut M, Pointner R (2001) Psychological intervention influences the outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in patients with stress-related symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Scand J Gastroenterol 36:800–805

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  168. 168.

    DeVault KR (2001) Gastroesophageal reflux disease: extraesophageal manifestations and therapy. Semin Gastrointest Dis 12:46–51

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  169. 169.

    Bresadola V, Dado G, Favero A, Terrosu G, Barriga Sainz M, Bresadola F (2006) Surgical therapy for patients with extraesophageal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Minerva Chir 61:9–15

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  170. 170.

    del Genio G, Tolone S, del Genio F, Aggarwal R, d’Alessandro A, Allaria A, Rossetti G, Brusciano L, del Genio A (2008) Prospective assessment of patient selection for antireflux surgery by combined multichannel intraluminal impedance pH monitoring. J Gastrointest Surg 12:1491–1496

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  171. 171.

    Allen CJ, Anvari M (2002) Preoperative symptom evaluation and esophageal acid infusion predict response to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in gastroesophageal reflux patients who present with cough. Surg Endosc 16:1037–1041

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  172. 172.

    Patti MG, Perretta S, Fisichella PM, D’Avanzo A, Galvani C, Gorodner V, Way LW (2003) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery: preoperative lower esophageal sphincter pressure does not affect outcome. Surg Endosc 17:386–389

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  173. 173.

    Cowgill SM, Bloomston M, Al-Saadi S, Villadolid D, Rosemurgy AS 2nd (2007) Normal lower esophageal sphincter pressure and length does not impact outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 11:701–707

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  174. 174.

    Winslow ER, Clouse RE, Desai KM, Frisella P, Gunsberger T, Soper NJ, Klingensmith ME (2003) Influence of spastic motor disorders of the esophageal body on outcomes from laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Surg Endosc 17:738–745

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  175. 175.

    Cowgill SM, Al-Saadi S, Villadolid D, Arnaoutakis D, Molloy D, Rosemurgy AS (2007) Upright, supine, or bipositional reflux: patterns of reflux do not affect outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc 21:2193–2198

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  176. 176.

    Papasavas PK, Keenan RJ, Yeaney WW, Caushaj PF, Gagne DJ, Landreneau RJ (2003) Prediction of postoperative gas bloating after laparoscopic antireflux procedures based on 24-h pH acid reflux pattern. Surg Endosc 17:381–385

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  177. 177.

    Wilkerson PM, Stratford J, Jones L, Sohanpal J, Booth MI, Dehn TC (2005) A poor response to proton pump inhibition is not a contraindication for laparoscopic antireflux surgery for gastro esophageal reflux disease. Surg Endosc 19:1272–1277

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  178. 178.

    Byrne JP, Smithers BM, Nathanson LK, Martin I, Ong HS, Gotley DC (2005) Symptomatic and functional outcome after laparoscopic reoperation for failed antireflux surgery. Br J Surg 92:996–1001

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  179. 179.

    Iqbal A, Awad Z, Simkins J, Shah R, Haider M, Salinas V, Turaga K, Karu A, Mittal SK, Filipi CJ (2006) Repair of 104 failed anti-reflux operations. Ann Surg 244:42–51

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  180. 180.

    Oelschlager BK, Lal DR, Jensen E, Cahill M, Quiroga E, Pellegrini CA (2006) Medium- and long-term outcome of laparoscopic redo fundoplication. Surg Endosc 20:1817–1823

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  181. 181.

    Khajanchee YS, O’Rourke R, Cassera MA, Gatta P, Hansen PD, Swanstrom LL (2007) Laparoscopic reintervention for failed antireflux surgery: subjective and objective outcomes in 176 consecutive patients. Arch Surg 142:785–901 (discussion 791–782)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  182. 182.

    Coelho JC, Goncalves CG, Claus CM, Andrigueto PC, Ribeiro MN (2004) Late laparoscopic reoperation of failed antireflux procedures. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 14:113–117

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  183. 183.

    Cowgill SM, Arnaoutakis D, Villadolid D, Rosemurgy AS (2007) “Redo” fundoplications: satisfactory symptomatic outcomes with higher cost of care. J Surg Res 143:183–188

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  184. 184.

    Curet MJ, Josloff RK, Schoeb O, Zucker KA (1999) Laparoscopic reoperation for failed antireflux procedures. Arch Surg 134:559–563

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  185. 185.

    Floch NR, Hinder RA, Klingler PJ, Branton SA, Seelig MH, Bammer T, Filipi CJ (1999) Is laparoscopic reoperation for failed antireflux surgery feasible? Arch Surg 134:733–737

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  186. 186.

    Ohnmacht GA, Deschamps C, Cassivi SD, Nichols FC III, Allen MS, Schleck CD, Pairolero PC (2006) Failed antireflux surgery: results after reoperation. Ann Thorac Surg 81:2050–2053 (discussion 2053–2054)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  187. 187.

    Szwerc MF, Wiechmann RJ, Maley RH, Santucci TS, Macherey RS, Landreneau RJ (1999) Reoperative laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Surgery 126:723–728 (discussion 728–729)

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  188. 188.

    Cowgill SM, Gillman R, Kraemer E, Al-Saadi S, Villadolid D, Rosemurgy A (2007) Ten-year follow up after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am Surg 73:748–752 (discussion 752–743)

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  189. 189.

    Zeman Z, Tihanyi T (2007) Quality of life and patient satisfaction after laparoscopic antireflux surgery using the QOLARS questionnaire. Surg Endosc 21:1418–1422

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  190. 190.

    Kaufman JA, Houghland JE, Quiroga E, Cahill M, Pellegrini CA, Oelschlager BK (2006) Long-term outcomes of laparoscopic antireflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-related airway disorder. Surg Endosc 20:1824–1830

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  191. 191.

    Balci D, Turkcapar AG (2007) Assessment of quality of life after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. World J Surg 31:116–121

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  192. 192.

    Neumayer C, Ciovica R, Gadenstatter M, Erd G, Leidl S, Lehr S, Schwab G (2005) Significant weight loss after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc 19:15–20

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  193. 193.

    Ciovica R, Gadenstatter M, Klingler A, Neumayer C, Schwab GP (2005) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery provides excellent results and quality of life in gastroesophageal reflux disease patients with respiratory symptoms. J Gastrointest Surg 9:633–637

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  194. 194.

    Biertho L, Sebajang H, Allen C, Anvari M (2006) Does laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication lead to chronic gastrointestinal dysfunction? Surg Endosc 20:1360–1363

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  195. 195.

    Tedesco P, Lobo E, Fisichella PM, Way LW, Patti MG (2006) Laparoscopic fundoplication in elderly patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Arch Surg 141:289–292 (discussion 292)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  196. 196.

    Zacharoulis D, O’Boyle CJ, Sedman PC, Brough WA, Royston CM (2006) Laparoscopic fundoplication: a 10-year learning curve. Surg Endosc 20:1662–1670

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  197. 197.

    Mark LA, Okrainec A, Ferri LE, Feldman LS, Mayrand S, Fried GM (2008) Comparison of patient-centered outcomes after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease or paraesophageal hernia. Surg Endosc 22:343–347

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  198. 198.

    Papasavas PK, Keenan RJ, Yeaney WW, Caushaj PF, Gagne DJ, Landreneau RJ (2003) Effectiveness of laparoscopic fundoplication in relieving the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and eliminating antireflux medical therapy. Surg Endosc 17:1200–1205

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  199. 199.

    Vidal O, Lacy AM, Pera M, Valentini M, Bollo J, Lacima G, Grande L (2006) Long-term control of gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms after laparoscopic Nissen–Rosetti fundoplication. J Gastrointest Surg 10:863–869

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  200. 200.

    Desai KM, Soper NJ, Frisella MM, Quasebarth MA, Dunnegan DL, Brunt LM (2003) Efficacy of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in patients with Barrett’s esophagus. Am J Surg 186:652–659

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  201. 201.

    Desai KM, Frisella MM, Soper NJ (2003) Clinical outcomes after laparoscopic antireflux surgery in patients with and without preoperative endoscopic esophagitis. J Gastrointest Surg 7:44–51 (discussion 51–42)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  202. 202.

    Fernando HC, El-Sherif A, Landreneau RJ, Gilbert S, Christie NA, Buenaventura PO, Close JM, Luketich JD (2005) Efficacy of laparoscopic fundoplication in controlling pulmonary symptoms associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surgery 138:612–616 (discussion 616–617)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  203. 203.

    Mehta S, Hindmarsh A, Rhodes M (2005) Changes in functional gastrointestinal symptoms as a result of antireflux surgery. Surg Endosc 19:1447–1450

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  204. 204.

    Bloomston M, Nields W, Rosemurgy AS (2003) Symptoms and antireflux medication use following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: outcome at 1 and 4 years. JSLS 7:211–218

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  205. 205.

    Huttl TP, Hohle M, Wichmann MW, Jauch KW, Meyer G (2005) Techniques and results of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in Germany. Surg Endosc 19:1579–1587

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  206. 206.

    Brouwer R, Kiroff GK (2003) Improvement of respiratory symptoms following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. ANZ J Surg 73:189–193

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  207. 207.

    Triponez F, Dumonceau JM, Azagury D, Volonte F, Slim K, Mermillod B, Huber O, Morel P (2005) Reflux, dysphagia, and gas bloat after laparoscopic fundoplication in patients with incidentally discovered hiatal hernia and in a control group. Surgery 137:235–242

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  208. 208.

    Menon VS, Manson JM, Baxter JN (2003) Laparoscopic fundoplication: learning curve and patient satisfaction. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 85:10–13

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  209. 209.

    Duffy JP, Maggard M, Hiyama DT, Atkinson JB, McFadden DW, Ko CY, Hines OJ (2003) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication improves quality of life in patients with atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. Am Surg 69:833–838

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  210. 210.

    Ozmen V, Oran ES, Gorgun E, Asoglu O, Igci A, Kecer M, Dizdaroglu F (2006) Histologic and clinical outcome after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett’s esophagus. Surg Endosc 20:226–229

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  211. 211.

    Liu JY, Woloshin S, Laycock WS, Schwartz LM (2002) Late outcomes after laparoscopic surgery for gastroesophageal reflux. Arch Surg 137:397–401

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  212. 212.

    Salminen PT, Laine SO, Ovaska JT (2006) Late subjective results and symptomatic outcome after laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 16:203–207

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  213. 213.

    Kamolz T, Granderath F, Pointner R (2003) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery: disease-related quality of life assessment before and after surgery in GERD patients with and without Barrett’s esophagus. Surg Endosc 17:880–885

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  214. 214.

    Fernando HC, Schauer PR, Buenaventura PO, Christie NA, Close JM, Luketich JD (2003) Outcomes of minimally invasive antireflux operations in the elderly: a comparative review. JSLS 7:311–315

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  215. 215.

    Pitcher DE, Curet MJ, Martin DT, Castillo RR, Gerstenberger PD, Vogt D, Zucker KA (1994) Successful management of severe gastroesophageal reflux disease with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Am J Surg 168:547–553 (discussion 553–544)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  216. 216.

    Abbas AE, Deschamps C, Cassivi SD, Allen MS, Nichols FC 3rd, Miller DL, Pairolero PC (2004) Barrett’s esophagus: the role of laparoscopic fundoplication. Ann Thorac Surg 77:393–396

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  217. 217.

    Wetscher GJ, Glaser K, Gadenstatter M, Wieschemeyer T, Profanter C, Klinger P (1998) Laparoscopic partial posterior fundoplication improves poor oesophageal contractility in patients with gastrooesophageal reflux disease. Eur J Surg 164:679–684

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  218. 218.

    Popiela T, Kawiorski W, Richter P, Legutko J, Kibil W (2005) Late complications after antireflux procedures using intraoperative continuous computer-video manometry monitoring. Acta Chir Belg 105:275–282

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  219. 219.

    Hunter JG, Smith CD, Branum GD, Waring JP, Trus TL, Cornwell M, Galloway K (1999) Laparoscopic fundoplication failures: patterns of failure and response to fundoplication revision. Ann Surg 230:595–604 (discussion 604–596)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  220. 220.

    Champault GG, Barrat C, Rozon RC, Rizk N, Catheline JM (1999) The effect of the learning curve on the outcome of laparoscopic treatment for gastroesophageal reflux. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 9:375–381

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  221. 221.

    Kiviluoto T, Siren J, Farkkila M, Luukkonen P, Salo J, Kivilaakso E (1998) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication: a prospective analysis of 200 consecutive patients. Surg Laparosc Endosc 8:429–434

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  222. 222.

    Brehant O, Pessaux P, Arnaud JP, Delattre JF, Meyer C, Baulieux J, Mosnier H (2006) Long-term outcome of laparoscopic antireflux surgery in the elderly. J Gastrointest Surg 10:439–444

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  223. 223.

    Allen CJ, Anvari M (2004) Does laparoscopic fundoplication provide long-term control of gastroesophageal reflux related cough? Surg Endosc 18:633–637

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  224. 224.

    Anvari M, Allen C (2003) Surgical outcome in gastro-esophageal reflux disease patients with inadequate response to proton pump inhibitors. Surg Endosc 17:1029–1035

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  225. 225.

    Cuschieri A, Hunter J, Wolfe B, Swanstrom LL, Hutson W (1993) Multicenter prospective evaluation of laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Preliminary report. Surg Endosc 7:505–510

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  226. 226.

    Allen CJ, Anvari M (1998) Gastro-oesophageal reflux related cough and its response to laparoscopic fundoplication. Thorax 53:963–968

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  227. 227.

    Granderath FA, Granderath UM, Pointner R (2008) Laparoscopic revisional fundoplication with circular hiatal mesh prosthesis: the long-term results. World J Surg 32:999–1007

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  228. 228.

    Hong D, Swanstrom LL, Khajanchee YS, Pereira N, Hansen PD (2004) Postoperative objective outcomes for upright, supine, and bipositional reflux disease following laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Arch Surg 139:848–852 (discussion 852–844)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  229. 229.

    Swoger J, Ponsky J, Hicks DM, Richter JE, Abelson TI, Milstein C, Qadeer MA, Vaezi MF (2006) Surgical fundoplication in laryngopharyngeal reflux unresponsive to aggressive acid suppression: a controlled study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 4:433–441

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  230. 230.

    Hinder RA, Filipi CJ, Wetscher G, Neary P, DeMeester TR, Perdikis G (1994) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is an effective treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ann Surg 220:472–481 (discussion 481–473)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  231. 231.

    Lindeboom MY, Ringers J, van Rijn PJ, Neijenhuis P, Stokkel MP, Masclee AA (2004) Gastric emptying and vagus nerve function after laparoscopic partial fundoplication. Ann Surg 240:785–790

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  232. 232.

    Ogut F, Ersin S, Engin EZ, Kirazli T, Midilli R, Unsal G, Bor S (2007) The effect of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication on laryngeal findings and voice quality. Surg Endosc 21:549–554

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  233. 233.

    Granderath FA, Schweiger UM, Pointner R (2007) Laparoscopic antireflux surgery: tailoring the hiatal closure to the size of hiatal surface area. Surg Endosc 21:542–548

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  234. 234.

    el-Sherif AE, Adusumilli PS, Pettiford BL, d’Amato TA, Schuchert MJ, Clark A, DiRenzo C, Landreneau JP, Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ (2007) Laparoscopic clam shell partial fundoplication achieves effective reflux control with reduced postoperative dysphagia and gas bloating. Ann Thorac Surg 84:1704–1709

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  235. 235.

    del Genio G, Rossetti G, Brusciano L, Limongelli P, Pizza F, Tolone S, Fei L, Maffettone V, Napolitano V, del Genio A (2007) Laparoscopic Nissen–Rossetti fundoplication with routine use of intraoperative endoscopy and manometry: technical aspects of a standardized technique. World J Surg 31:1099–1106

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  236. 236.

    El Nakadi I, Closset J, De Moor V, Coppens E, Zalcman M, Deviere J, Gelin M (2004) Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication after failure of Enteryx injection into the lower esophageal sphincter. Surg Endosc 18:818–820

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  237. 237.

    Champion JK (2003) Thoracoscopic Belsey fundoplication with 5-year outcomes. Surg Endosc 17:1212–1215

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  238. 238.

    Glaser K, Wetscher GJ, Klingler A, Klingler PJ, Eltschka B, Hollinsky C, Achem SR, Hinder RA (2000) Selection of patients for laparoscopic antireflux surgery. Dig Dis 18:129–137

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  239. 239.

    Tucker JG, Ramshaw BJ, Newman CL, Sims MS, Mason EM, Duncan TD, Lucas GW (1996) Laparoscopic fundoplication in the treatment of severe gastroesophageal reflux disease: preliminary results of a prospective trial. South Med J 89:60–64

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  240. 240.

    Khajanchee YS, Hong D, Hansen PD, Swanstrom LL (2004) Outcomes of antireflux surgery in patients with normal preoperative 24-hour pH test results. Am J Surg 187:599–603

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  241. 241.

    Neuhauser B, Hinder RA (2001) Laparoscopic reoperation after failed antireflux surgery. Semin Laparosc Surg 8:281–286

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  242. 242.

    Walsh JD, Landercasper J, Boyd WC, Lambert PJ, Havlik PJ (2003) Patient outcomes and dysphagia after laparoscopic antireflux surgery performed without use of intraoperative esophageal dilators. Am Surg 69:219–223 discussion 223-214

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  243. 243.

    Nguyen NT, Schauer PR, Hutson W, Landreneau R, Weigel T, Ferson PF, Keenan RJ, Luketich JD (1998) Preliminary results of thoracoscopic Belsey mark IV antireflux procedure. Surg Laparosc Endosc 8:185–188

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  244. 244.

    Bonatti H, Bammer T, Achem SR, Lukens F, DeVault KR, Klaus A, Hinder RA (2007) Use of acid suppressive medications after laparoscopic antireflux surgery: prevalence and clinical indications. Dig Dis Sci 52:267–272

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  245. 245.

    Shaheen N, Ransohoff DF (2002) Gastroesophageal reflux, Barrett esophagus, and esophageal cancer: scientific review. JAMA 287:1972–1981

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  246. 246.

    Reid BJ (1991) Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 20:817–834

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  247. 247.

    Peters JH, Hagen JA, DeMeester SR (2004) Barrett’s esophagus. J Gastrointest Surg 8:1–17

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  248. 248.

    Sharma P, McQuaid K, Dent J, Fennerty MB, Sampliner R, Spechler S, Cameron A, Corley D, Falk G, Goldblum J, Hunter J, Jankowski J, Lundell L, Reid B, Shaheen NJ, Sonnenberg A, Wang K, Weinstein W (2004) A critical review of the diagnosis and management of Barrett’s esophagus: the AGA Chicago Workshop. Gastroenterology 127:310–330

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  249. 249.

    Ronkainen J, Aro P, Storskrubb T, Johansson SE, Lind T, Bolling-Sternevald E, Vieth M, Stolte M, Talley NJ, Agreus L (2005) Prevalence of Barrett’s esophagus in the general population: an endoscopic study. Gastroenterology 129:1825–1831

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  250. 250.

    Rex DK, Cummings OW, Shaw M, Cumings MD, Wong RK, Vasudeva RS, Dunne D, Rahmani EY, Helper DJ (2003) Screening for Barrett’s esophagus in colonoscopy patients with and without heartburn. Gastroenterology 125:1670–1677

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  251. 251.

    Attwood SE, Lundell L, Hatlebakk JG, Eklund S, Junghard O, Galmiche JP, Ell C, Fiocca R, Lind T (2008) Medical or surgical management of GERD patients with Barrett’s esophagus: the LOTUS trial 3-year experience. J Gastrointest Surg 12:1646–1654 (discussion 1654–1645)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  252. 252.

    Sharma P, Falk GW, Weston AP, Reker D, Johnston M, Sampliner RE (2006) Dysplasia and cancer in a large multicenter cohort of patients with Barrett’s esophagus. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 4:566–572

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  253. 253.

    Shaheen NJ, Crosby MA, Bozymski EM, Sandler RS (2000) Is there publication bias in the reporting of cancer risk in Barrett’s esophagus? Gastroenterology 119:333–338

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  254. 254.

    Skacel M, Petras RE, Gramlich TL, Sigel JE, Richter JE, Goldblum JR (2000) The diagnosis of low-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus and its implications for disease progression. Am J Gastroenterol 95:3383–3387

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  255. 255.

    Buttar NS, Wang KK, Sebo TJ, Riehle DM, Krishnadath KK, Lutzke LS, Anderson MA, Petterson TM, Burgart LJ (2001) Extent of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus correlates with risk of adenocarcinoma. Gastroenterology 120:1630–1639

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  256. 256.

    Vaughan TL, Dong LM, Blount PL, Ayub K, Odze RD, Sanchez CA, Rabinovitch PS, Reid BJ (2005) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of neoplastic progression in Barrett’s oesophagus: a prospective study. Lancet Oncol 6:945–952

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  257. 257.

    Wang KK, Sampliner RE (2008) Updated guidelines 2008 for the diagnosis, surveillance and therapy of Barrett’s esophagus. Am J Gastroenterol 103:788–797

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  258. 258.

    Odze RD (2006) Diagnosis and grading of dysplasia in Barrett’s oesophagus. J Clin Pathol 59:1029–1038

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  259. 259.

    Haggitt RC, Tryzelaar J, Ellis FH, Colcher H (1978) Adenocarcinoma complicating columnar epithelium-lined (Barrett’s) esophagus. Am J Clin Pathol 70:1–5

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  260. 260.

    Montgomery E, Bronner MP, Goldblum JR, Greenson JK, Haber MM, Hart J, Lamps LW, Lauwers GY, Lazenby AJ, Lewin DN, Robert ME, Toledano AY, Shyr Y, Washington K (2001) Reproducibility of the diagnosis of dysplasia in Barrett esophagus: a reaffirmation. Hum Pathol 32:368–378

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  261. 261.

    Oh DS, Hagen JA, Chandrasoma PT, Dunst CM, Demeester SR, Alavi M, Bremner CG, Lipham J, Rizzetto C, Cote R, Demeester TR (2006) Clinical biology and surgical therapy of intramucosal adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. J Am Coll Surg 203:152–161

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  262. 262.

    Nguyen NT, Schauer P, Luketich JD (2000) Minimally invasive esophagectomy for Barrett’s esophagus with high-grade dysplasia. Surgery 127:284–290

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  263. 263.

    Luketich JD, Landreneau RJ (2004) Minimally invasive resection and mechanical cervical esophagogastric anastomotic techniques in the management of esophageal cancer. J Gastrointest Surg 8:927–929

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  264. 264.

    Prasad GA, Wang KK, Buttar NS, Wongkeesong LM, Krishnadath KK, Nichols FC 3rd, Lutzke LS, Borkenhagen LS (2007) Long-term survival following endoscopic and surgical treatment of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus. Gastroenterology 132:1226–1233

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  265. 265.

    Prasad GA, Wu TT, Wigle DA, Buttar NS, Wongkeesong LM, Dunagan KT, Lutzke LS, Borkenhagen LS, Wang KK (2009) Endoscopic and surgical treatment of mucosal (T1a) esophageal adenocarcinoma in Barrett’s esophagus. Gastroenterology 137:815–823

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  266. 266.

    Overholt BF, Lightdale CJ, Wang KK, Canto MI, Burdick S, Haggitt RC, Bronner MP, Taylor SL, Grace MG, Depot M (2005) Photodynamic therapy with porfimer sodium for ablation of high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus: international, partially blinded, randomized phase III trial. Gastrointest Endosc 62:488–498

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  267. 267.

    Pech O, Gossner L, May A, Rabenstein T, Vieth M, Stolte M, Berres M, Ell C (2005) Long-term results of photodynamic therapy with 5-aminolevulinic acid for superficial Barrett’s cancer and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. Gastrointest Endosc 62:24–30

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  268. 268.

    May A, Gossner L, Behrens A, Kohnen R, Vieth M, Stolte M, Ell C (2003) A prospective randomized trial of two different endoscopic resection techniques for early stage cancer of the esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 58:167–175

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  269. 269.

    Ell C, May A, Gossner L, Pech O, Gunter E, Mayer G, Henrich R, Vieth M, Muller H, Seitz G, Stolte M (2000) Endoscopic mucosal resection of early cancer and high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus. Gastroenterology 118:670–677

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  270. 270.

    Seewald S, Akaraviputh T, Seitz U, Brand B, Groth S, Mendoza G, He X, Thonke F, Stolte M, Schroeder S, Soehendra N (2003) Circumferential EMR and complete removal of Barrett’s epithelium: a new approach to management of Barrett’s esophagus containing high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and intramucosal carcinoma. Gastrointest Endosc 57:854–859

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  271. 271.

    Hage M, Siersema PD, van Dekken H, Steyerberg EW, Haringsma J, van de Vrie W, Grool TE, van Veen RL, Sterenborg HJ, Kuipers EJ (2004) 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy versus argon plasma coagulation for ablation of Barrett’s oesophagus: a randomised trial. Gut 53:785–790

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  272. 272.

    Sharma P, Wani S, Weston AP, Bansal A, Hall M, Mathur S, Prasad A, Sampliner RE (2006) A randomised controlled trial of ablation of Barrett’s oesophagus with multipolar electrocoagulation versus argon plasma coagulation in combination with acid suppression: long term results. Gut 55:1233–1239

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  273. 273.

    Tigges H, Fuchs KH, Maroske J, Fein M, Freys SM, Muller J, Thiede A (2001) Combination of endoscopic argon plasma coagulation and antireflux surgery for treatment of Barrett’s esophagus. J Gastrointest Surg 5:251–259

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  274. 274.

    Morino M, Rebecchi F, Giaccone C, Taraglio S, Sidoli L, Ferraris R (2003) Endoscopic ablation of Barrett’s esophagus using argon plasma coagulation (APC) following surgical laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Endosc 17:539–542

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  275. 275.

    Dulai GS, Jensen DM, Cortina G, Fontana L, Ippoliti A (2005) Randomized trial of argon plasma coagulation vs. multipolar electrocoagulation for ablation of Barrett’s esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 61:232–240

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  276. 276.

    Montes CG, Brandalise NA, Deliza R, Novais de Magalhaes AF, Ferraz JG (1999) Antireflux surgery followed by bipolar electrocoagulation in the treatment of Barrett’s esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 50:173–177

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  277. 277.

    Shaheen NJ, Sharma P, Overholt BF, Wolfsen HC, Sampliner RE, Wang KK, Galanko JA, Bronner MP, Goldblum JR, Bennett AE, Jobe BA, Eisen GM, Fennerty MB, Hunter JG, Fleischer DE, Sharma VK, Hawes RH, Hoffman BJ, Rothstein RI, Gordon SR, Mashimo H, Chang KJ, Muthusamy VR, Edmundowicz SA, Spechler SJ, Siddiqui AA, Souza RF, Infantolino A, Falk GW, Kimmey MB, Madanick RD, Chak A, Lightdale CJ (2009) Radiofrequency ablation in Barrett’s esophagus with dysplasia. N Engl J Med 360:2277–2288

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  278. 278.

    Sharma VK, Wang KK, Overholt BF, Lightdale CJ, Fennerty MB, Dean PJ, Pleskow DK, Chuttani R, Reymunde A, Santiago N, Chang KJ, Kimmey MB, Fleischer DE (2007) Balloon-based, circumferential, endoscopic radiofrequency ablation of Barrett’s esophagus: 1-year follow-up of 100 patients. Gastrointest Endosc 65:185–195

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  279. 279.

    Sharma VK, Kim HJ, Das A, Dean P, DePetris G, Fleischer DE (2008) A prospective pilot trial of ablation of Barrett’s esophagus with low-grade dysplasia using stepwise circumferential and focal ablation (HALO system). Endoscopy 40:380–387

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  280. 280.

    Pouw RE, Wirths K, Eisendrath P, Sondermeijer CM, Kate FJ, Fockens P, Deviere J, Neuhaus H, Bergman JJ (2010) Efficacy of radiofrequency ablation combined with endoscopic resection for Barrett’s esophagus with early neoplasia. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 8(1):23–29

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  281. 281.

    Velanovich V (2009) Endoscopic endoluminal radiofrequency ablation of Barrett’s esophagus: initial results and lessons learned. Surg Endosc 23:2175–2180

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  282. 282.

    Sharma VK, Jae Kim H, Das A, Wells CD, Nguyen CC, Fleischer DE (2009) Circumferential and focal ablation of Barrett’s esophagus containing dysplasia. Am J Gastroenterol 104:310–317

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  283. 283.

    Fleischer DE, Overholt BF, Sharma VK, Reymunde A, Kimmey MB, Chuttani R, Chang KJ, Lightdale CJ, Santiago N, Pleskow DK, Dean PJ, Wang KK (2008) Endoscopic ablation of Barrett’s esophagus: a multicenter study with 2.5-year follow-up. Gastrointest Endosc 68:867–876

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  284. 284.

    Pouw RE, Gondrie JJ, Sondermeijer CM, ten Kate FJ, van Gulik TM, Krishnadath KK, Fockens P, Weusten BL, Bergman JJ (2008) Eradication of Barrett esophagus with early neoplasia by radiofrequency ablation, with or without endoscopic resection. J Gastrointest Surg 12:1627–1636 (discussion 1636–1627)

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  285. 285.

    Ganz RA, Overholt BF, Sharma VK, Fleischer DE, Shaheen NJ, Lightdale CJ, Freeman SR, Pruitt RE, Urayama SM, Gress F, Pavey DA, Branch MS, Savides TJ, Chang KJ, Muthusamy VR, Bohorfoush AG, Pace SC, DeMeester SR, Eysselein VE, Panjehpour M, Triadafilopoulos G (2008) Circumferential ablation of Barrett’s esophagus that contains high-grade dysplasia: a U.S. Multicenter Registry. Gastrointest Endosc 68:35–40

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  286. 286.

    Vij R, Triadafilopoulos G, Owens DK, Kunz P, Sanders GD (2004) Cost-effectiveness of photodynamic therapy for high-grade dysplasia in Barrett’s esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 60:739–756

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  287. 287.

    Pohl H, Sonnenberg A, Strobel S, Eckardt A, Rosch T (2009) Endoscopic versus surgical therapy for early cancer in Barrett’s esophagus: a decision analysis. Gastrointest Endosc 70:623–634

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  288. 288.

    Das A, Wells C, Kim HJ, Fleischer DE, Crowell MD, Sharma VK (2009) An economic analysis of endoscopic ablative therapy for management of nondysplastic Barrett’s esophagus. Endoscopy 41:400–408

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  289. 289.

    Inadomi JM, Somsouk M, Madanick RD, Thomas JP, Shaheen NJ (2009) A cost-utility analysis of ablative therapy for Barrett’s esophagus. Gastroenterology 136:2101–2114 (e2101–2106)

    Google Scholar 

  290. 290.

    Faybush EM, Sampliner RE (2005) Randomized trials in the treatment of Barrett’s esophagus. Dis Esophagus 18:291–297

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  291. 291.

    Parrilla P, Martinez de Haro LF, Ortiz A, Munitiz V, Molina J, Bermejo J, Canteras M (2003) Long-term results of a randomized prospective study comparing medical and surgical treatment of Barrett’s esophagus. Ann Surg 237:291–298

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  292. 292.

    Oberg S, Johansson J, Wenner J, Johnsson F, Zilling T, von Holstein CS, Nilsson J, Walther B (2001) Endoscopic surveillance of columnar-lined esophagus: frequency of intestinal metaplasia detection and impact of antireflux surgery. Ann Surg 234:619–626

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  293. 293.

    Hofstetter WL, Peters JH, DeMeester TR, Hagen JA, DeMeester SR, Crookes PF, Tsai P, Banki F, Bremner CG (2001) Long-term outcome of antireflux surgery in patients with Barrett’s esophagus. Ann Surg 234:532–538 (discussion 538–539)

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Disclosures

Author Robert D. Fanelli is a board member of New Wave Surgical Corporation, received honoraria from Ethicon Endo-Surgery for speaking/teaching, received honoraria from Boston Scientific Corporation, Inc. for speaking/teaching, and was an independent contractor for Cook Surgical, Inc. Authors William H. Hope, Geoffrey P. Kohn, Patrick Reardon, and William S. Richardson have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclosure. Dimitrios Stefanidis have received honoraria from CR Bard, Inc and WL Gore and Associates for speaking/ teaching.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Consortia

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dimitrios Stefanidis.

Appendices

Appendix 1: Medline Search Strategy

Database: Ovid MEDLINE(R) (1950 to March Week 2 2008) Search Strategy:

  1. 1.

    Gastroesophageal Reflux/ (16387)

  2. 2.

    exp Surgical Procedures, Minimally invasive/ (190792)

  3. 3.

    Robotics/ (5031)

  4. 4.

    Fundoplication/ (2421)

  5. 5.

    (*Gastroesophageal Reflux/ or *Fundoplication/) and (2 or 3) (3359)

  6. 6.

    limit 5 to (comment or letter or news or newspaper article) (185)

  7. 7.

    5 not 6 (3174)

  8. 8.

    limit 7 to english language (2522)

  9. 9.

    8 and *Gastroesophageal Reflux/th, su (1104)

  10. 10.

    limit 9 to systematic reviews (46)

  11. 11.

    limit 9 to meta analysis (3)

  12. 12.

    limit 9 to randomized controlled trial (66)

  13. 13.

    limit 9 to evidence based medicine reviews (3)

  14. 14.

    10 or 11 or 12 or 13 (112)

  15. 15.

    9 not 14 (992)

  16. 16.

    16 limit 15 to (clinical trial, phase i or clinical trial, phase ii or clinical trial, phase iii or clinical trial, phase iv or clinical trial or consensus development conference or consensus development conference, nih or controlled clinical trial or guideline or practice guideline) (59)

  17. 17.

    17 15 not 16 (933)

  18. 18.

    18 limit 17 to “review articles” (236)

  19. 19.

    19 17 not 18 (699)

  20. 20.

    20 (surg$ or endoscop$ or laparo$ or digest$ or gastro$ or gut).jw. (748495)

  21. 21.

    21 19 and 20 (604)

  22. 22.

    22 limit 21 to humans (586)

  23. 23.

    23 limit 22 to yr=“2003–2008” (236)

Appendix 2

This document was prepared and revised by the SAGES Guidelines Committee:

Dimitrios Stefanidis, MD, PhD

WilliamW. Hope, MD

Geoffrey P. Kohn, MD

Patrick R. Reardon, MD

E. Matt Ritter, MD

Keith Gersin, MD

Thom E. Lobe, MD

Keith Apelgren, MD

Ziad Awad, MD

L. Michael Brunt, MD

Ronald Clements, MD

David Earle, MD

David Edelman, MD

Timothy Farrell, MD

Erika Fellinger, MD

Stephen Haggerty, MD

Jeffrey Hazey, MD

Steven Heneghan, MD

Gregory Kahn, MD

James Korndorffer, MD

Henry Lujan, MD

Lisa Martin Hawver, MD

Sumeet Mittal, MD

Jonathan Myers, MD

David Overby, MD

Jonathan Pearl, MD

Raymond Price, MD

William Reed, MD

David Renton, MD

John Roth, MD

Alan Saber, MD

Julio Teixeria, MD

Andrew Wright, MD

Marc Zerey, MD

William Richardson, MD, Co-Chair

Robert Fanelli, MD, Chair

It was reviewed and approved by the Board of Governors of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), February 2010.

  • Requests for prints should be sent to:

    Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)

    11300 West Olympic Blvd., Suite 600

    Los Angeles, CA 90064

    Phone: (310) 437-0544

    Fax: (310) 437 0585

    E-mail: publications@sages.org

    http://www.sages.org/

    This is a revision of a SAGES publication, which was printed June 2001.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Stefanidis, D., Hope, W.W., Kohn, G.P. et al. Guidelines for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surg Endosc 24, 2647–2669 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-010-1267-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Lower Esophageal Sphincter
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
  • Lower Esophageal Sphincter Pressure
  • Partial Fundoplication
  • Postoperative Dysphagia