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Table 2 Results of the action analysisa

From: Ergonomics, user comfort, and performance in standard and robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery

  Standard lap Robot assisted p-value
Median Range Median Range
Rope passing 3.5 1.0–7.5 8.3 5.5–14.0 0.000
Failure to pass the rope 5.0 1.0–4.0 1.5 0.0–5.0 0.000
Needle capping 1.0 0.0–6.0 5.0 2.0–10.0 0.000
Failure to cap the needle
    Missing the cap 13.0 2.0–25.0 0.5 0.0–9.0 0.000
    Dropping the needle 6.5 4.0–14.0 2.0 1.0–9.0 0.001
Bead drop 22.0 3.0–45.0 48.0 28.0–69.0 0.000
Failure to drop the bead into the receptacle 3.0 1.0–7.0 0.0 0.0–5.0 0.001
  1. aNumber of repetitions is expressed as median and range. Mann–Whitney U test used to calculate p value