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Open vs thorascopic surgical management of bronchogenic cysts

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Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to compare the operative outcome in children undergoing open vs thoracoscopic resection of bronchogenic cysts.

Methods

The medical records of children who underwent the resection of bronchogenic cysts from 1990 through 2000 were reviewed. Four cyst resections were performed by the open technique and five using a thoracoscopic procedure. The age of the patients, length of hospital stay, duration of drainage, operating time, and outcome were investigated.

Results

The mean age of patients undergoing the open procedure was 3 years and 3 months; the mean age for thoracoscopy patients was 7 years and 10 months (p < 0.05). The operating time for the open procedure was 70 ± 25 min; for the laparoscopic procedure, it was 78 ± 6 min (p, NS), except in one case with a main bronchial tail that required conversion (320 min). Duration of surgical drainage was 6.5 ± 3 days for the open procedure and 2.5 ± 1 days for the thoracoscopic one (p < 0.05). Hospital stay for open patients was 12 days ± 0 days; it was 6 ± 1.6 days for thoracoscopic patients (p < 0.01). There were no deaths. The thoracoscopic procedure failed once due to a main bronchial tail and had to be converted to an open procedure. Other early complications included a bronchopulmonary infection after an open cyst excision and an atelectasis after a thoracoscopic cyst excision. Late complications included one reoperation for incomplete excision in each of the two groups.

Conclusion

Bronchogenic cyst resection can be performed safely. For complete treatment of these patients, total excision of the wall cyst is needed. In selected patients, the thoracoscopic procedure may decrease the duration of surgical drainage and length of hospital stay without increasing the operating time or MSK for complications.

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Correspondence to P. de Lagausie.

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Tölg, C., Abelin, K., Laudenbach, V. et al. Open vs thorascopic surgical management of bronchogenic cysts. Surg Endosc 19, 77–80 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-003-9328-x

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