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Laparoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts

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Background. Laparoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts (PPs) has been used in selected cases. The aim of this study is to analyze our results with the laparoscopic technique and to compare them with those of a cohort of patients treated by open surgery during the same time period.

Patients and methods. Ten patients underwent laparoscopic drainage of PPs during a 7-year period [laparoscopic group (LG)]. The type of drainage was chosen according to the size and location of the PP. Demography, surgical details, results, and complications were analyzed and contrasted with those of 6 patients who underwent open drainage [open group (OG)].

Results. All patients presented with mature PPs developed after a documented episode of acute pancreatitis. Mean age of the LG was 42 years (six males and four females). In the OG, mean age was 36 years (five males and one female). Etiology of the pancreatitis was alcoholic in eight patients, biliary in five, toxic in two, and associated with systemic lupus erythematous in one. Laparoscopic procedures included Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy in four patients, extraluminal cystogastrostomy in four, and intraluminal cystogastrostomy in two. There were no conversions. In the OG, cystogastrostomy was performed in three patients and Roux-en-Y cystojejunostomy in three. One patient in the LG developed upper gastrointestinal bleeding the day after surgery that resolved uneventfully, one patient presented a postoperative abscess that required open drainage, and one patient presented a residual pseudocyst that was treated by endoscopy. Morbidity in the OG included a small bowel obstruction secondary to an internal hernia that required reoperation, pneumonia, and a residual pseudocyst that was treated conservatively in one patient each. At a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 1–72) all patients were asymptomatic with no evidence of recurrent disease by computed tomography scan.

Conclusion. Laparoscopic drainage of PPs is feasible, safe, and effective. Results are similar to those obtained using the open technique.

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Correspondence to M. F. Herrera.

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Dávila-Cervantes, A., Gómez, F., Chan, C. et al. Laparoscopic drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts. Surg Endosc 18, 1420–1426 (2004).

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