, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 674–679 | Cite as

Propagation Curve and Velocity of Swallowing Pressure in Healthy Young Adults

  • Keigo Matsubara
  • Yoshihiko KumaiEmail author
  • Yasuhiro Samejima
  • Eiji Yumoto
Original Article


The objective of this study is to construct a propagation curve and determine propagation velocities in young healthy adults examined using a 2.64-mm-diameter high-resolution manometry catheter with 36 circumferential sensors; to explore data reproducibility; and to determine whether the swallowing pressure (SP) propagation velocity correlated with bolus volume. Repeated measures with subjects serving as their own controls. Thirty healthy subjects (average age 25.3 years) swallowed saliva and 2, 5, and 10 mL of cold water to determine the maximum SP from the soft palate to the cervical esophagus. The SP propagation curve was obtained by plotting the duration to reach each SP peak. The SP propagation velocity was calculated for each region. These parameters were examined according to bolus size and gender. The intra-class correlation coefficient for estimating the SP propagation curves was >0.61 (i.e., highly consistent). The propagation velocity was maximal at the meso-hypopharynx and minimal at the UES and cervical esophagus. The SP propagation curve was very reproducible within any subject. Neither the water volume (with the exception of 2 and 5 mL) nor gender exerted any apparent effect on velocity in any region. However, the velocity was quite variable at the cervical esophagus.


Swallowing pressure Propagation velocity Propagation curve 



This study was supported by the 6th Japan society logopedics and phoniatrics research Grant in 2012 and JSPS KAKENHI, Grant No. 24592602.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keigo Matsubara
    • 1
  • Yoshihiko Kumai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yasuhiro Samejima
    • 1
  • Eiji Yumoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck SurgeryKumamoto University Graduate School of MedicineKumamoto CityJapan

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