Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 811–817 | Cite as

Enhanced production of exopolysaccharides using industrial grade starch as sole carbon source

  • Xun He
  • Feng He
  • Jiao Hang
  • Hui Li
  • Yali Chen
  • Ping Wei
  • Kequan ChenEmail author
  • Yan Li
  • Pingkai OuYang
Research Paper


Industrial grade soluble corn starch was used directly and effectively as the fermentation substrate for microbial exopolysaccharides production. Bacillus subtilis mutant strain NJ308 grew with untreated starch raw material as the sole carbon source. The real-time PCR results demonstrated that up-regulated genes encoding N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, mannosyltransferase, and N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase were the key elements of B. subtilis mutant strain NJ308 for exopolysaccharides production from industrial grade starch. Subsequently, the culture conditions for B. subtilis NJ308 were optimized using Plackett–Burman design and central composite design methods, and the related key genes in the synthesis pathway of exopolysaccharides from the starch raw material were analyzed by real-time PCR. The maximum exopolysaccharides titration (3.41 g/L) was obtained when the initial starch concentration was 45 g/L. This corresponds to volumetric productivity values of 71.04 mg/L h.


Microbial extracellular exopolysaccharides EPS Starch Bacillus subtilis 



Extracellular polysaccharide(s)


Reactive oxygen species


Real-time PCR


Plackett–Burman design


Central composite design



This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program (Grant No. 2016YFA0204300), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21706126).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xun He
    • 1
  • Feng He
    • 1
  • Jiao Hang
    • 1
  • Hui Li
    • 1
  • Yali Chen
    • 1
  • Ping Wei
    • 1
  • Kequan Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yan Li
    • 1
  • Pingkai OuYang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Biotechnology and PharmaceuticalNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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