Fabrication of porous polycaprolactone/hydroxyapatite (PCL/HA) blend scaffolds using a 3D plotting system for bone tissue engineering
- 4.3k Downloads
For tissue engineering and regeneration, a porous scaffold with interconnected networks is needed to guide cell attachment and growth/ingrowth in three-dimensional (3D) structure. Using a rapid prototyping (RP) technique, we designed and fabricated 3D plotting system and three types of scaffolds: those from polycaprolactone (PCL), those from PCL and hydroxyapatite (HA), and those from PCL/HA and with a shifted pattern structure (PCL/HA/SP scaffold). Shifted pattern structure was fabricated to increase the cell attachment/adhesion. The PCL/HA/SP scaffold had a lower compressive modulus than PCL and PCL/HA scaffold. However, it has a better cell attachment than the scaffolds without a shifted pattern. MTT assay and alkaline phosphatase activity results for the PCL/HA/SP scaffolds were significantly enhanced compared to the results for the PCL and PCL/HA scaffolds. According to their degree of cell proliferation/differentiation, the scaffolds were in the following order: PCL/HA/SP > PCL/HA > PCL. These 3D scaffolds will be applicable for tissue engineering based on unique plotting system.
KeywordsPolycaprolactone Hydroxyapatite Scaffold Plotting system
- 3.Sachlos E, Czernuszka JT (2003) Making tissue engineering scaffolds work. Review on the application of solid freeform fabrication technology to the production of tissue engineering scaffolds. Eur Cells Mater 5:29–40Google Scholar