Skip to main content

Victims from volcanic eruptions: a revised database


 The number of victims from volcanism and the primary cause(s) of death reported in the literature show considerable uncertainty. We present the results of investigations carried out either in contemporary accounts or in specific studies of eruptions that occurred since A.D. 1783. More than 220 000 people died because of volcanic activity during this period, which includes approximately 90% of the recorded deaths throughout history. Most of the fatalities resulted from post-eruption famine and epidemic disease (30.3%), nuées ardentes or pyroclastic flows and surges (26.8%), mudflows or lahars (17.1%), and volcanogenic tsunamis (16.9%). At present, however, international relief efforts might reduce the effects of post-eruption crop failure and disease, and at least some of the lahars could be anticipated in time by adequate scientific and social response. Thus, mitigation of hazards from pyroclastic flows and tsunamis will become of paramount importance to volcanologists and civil authorities.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to J.-C. Tanguy.

Additional information

Received: 3 August 1997 / Accepted: 10 April 1998

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tanguy, JC., Ribière, C., Scarth, A. et al. Victims from volcanic eruptions: a revised database. Bull Volcanol 60, 137–144 (1998).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

  • Key words Natural disasters
  • Volcanic hazards
  • Society and eruptions
  • Volcanic risk