Advertisement

Bulletin of Volcanology

, 80:41 | Cite as

Caldera unrest detected with seawater temperature anomalies at Deception Island, Antarctic Peninsula

  • M. Berrocoso
  • G. Prates
  • A. Fernández-Ros
  • L. M. Peci
  • A. de Gil
  • B. Rosado
  • R. Páez
  • B. Jigena
Research Article

Abstract

Increased thermal activity was detected to coincide with the onset of volcano inflation in the seawater-filled caldera at Deception Island. This thermal activity was manifested in pulses of high water temperature that coincided with ocean tide cycles. The seawater temperature anomalies were detected by a thermometric sensor attached to the tide gauge (bottom pressure sensor). This was installed where the seawater circulation and the locations of known thermal anomalies, fumaroles and thermal springs, together favor the detection of water warmed within the caldera. Detection of the increased thermal activity was also possible because sea ice, which covers the entire caldera during the austral winter months, insulates the water and thus reduces temperature exchange between seawater and atmosphere. In these conditions, the water temperature data has been shown to provide significant information about Deception volcano activity. The detected seawater temperature increase, also observed in soil temperature readings, suggests rapid and near-simultaneous increase in geothermal activity with onset of caldera inflation and an increased number of seismic events observed in the following austral summer.

Keywords

Caldera unrest Seawater temperature anomalies Deception Island, Antarctic Peninsula 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This geodetic research has been carried out with the support of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science as part of the National Antarctic Program. The following research projects contributed directly to this work: “Volcano-tectonic activity on Deception Island: geodetic, geophysical investigations and remote sensing on Deception Island and its surroundings (CGL2005-07589-C03-01/ANT)” and “Geodetic and geothermal researches, time serial analysis, and volcanic innovation in Antarctica (South Shetland Islands and Antarctic Peninsula (GEOTINANT) (CTM2009-07251/ANT).” The contributions of both editors and of the reviewers Nicolas Fournier and Magnús T. Gudmundsson are very much appreciated, which greatly helped to improve the manuscript.

References

  1. Adams E, Cosler D, Helfrich K (1990) Evaporation from heated water bodies: predicting combined forced plus free convection. Water Resour Res 26(3):425–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Almendros J, Carmona E, Jiménez V, Díaz A, Lorenzo F, Berrocoso M, de Gil A, Fernández-Ros A, Rosado B (2015) Report on deception island (Antarctica). In: Venzke E (ed) Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 40:6. Smithsonian InstitutionGoogle Scholar
  3. Berrocoso M, Fernández-Ros A, Ramírez ME, Salamanca JM, Torrecillas C, Pérez-Peña A, Páez R, García-García A, Jiménez-Teja Y, García-García F, Soto R, Gárate J, Martín-Davila J, Sánchez-Alzola A, de Gil A, Fernández-Prada JA, Jigena B, (2008) Geodetic research on Deception Island and its environment (South Shetland Islands, Bransfield Sea and Antarctic Peninsula) during Spanish Antarctic Campaigns (1987–2007). In: Capra A, Dietrich R (eds) Geodetic and Geophysical Observations in Antarctica, 97–124Google Scholar
  4. Berrocoso M, Prates G, Fernández-Ros A, García A (2012) Normal vector analysis from GNSS-GPS data applied to deception volcano surface deformation. Geophys J Int 190:1562–1570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Berrocoso M, Fernández-Ros A, Prates G, García A, Kraus S (2016) Geodetic implications on block formation and geodynamic domains in the south Shetland Islands, Antarctic peninsula. Tectonophysics 666:211–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown G, Rymer H, Dowden J, Kapadia P, Stevenson D, Barquero J, Morales L (1989) Energy budget analysis for Poás crater lake: implications for predicting volcanic activity. Nature 339:370–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmona E, Almendros J, Serrano I, Stich D, Ibáñez JM (2012) Results of seismic monitoring surveys of Deception Island volcano, Antarctica, from 1999–2011. Antarct Sci 24:485–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Christenson BW, Reyes AG, Young R, Moebis A, Sherburn S, Cole-Baker J, Britten K (2010) Cyclic processes and factors leading to phreatic eruption events: insights from the 25 September 2007 eruption through Ruapehu crater Lake, New Zealand. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 19:15–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Delmelle P, Henley RW, Bernard A (2015) Volcano-related lakes. In: Sigurdsson H, Houghton B, McNutt S, Rymer H, Stix J (eds) The encyclopedia of volcanoes, 2nd edn. Academic Press, Amsterdam, pp 851–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dietrich R, Dach R, Engelhardt G, Ihde J, Korth W, Kutterer HJ, Lindner K, Mayer M, Menge F, Miller H, Müller C, Niemeier W, Perlt J, Pohl M, Salbach H, Schenke HW, Schöne T, Seeber G, Veit A, Völksen C (2001) ITRF coordinates and plate velocities from repeated GPS campaigns in Antarctica—an analysis based on different individual solutions. J Geod 74:756–766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fournier N, Chardot L (2012) Understanding volcano hydrothermal unrest from geodetic observations: insights from numerical modeling and application to White Island volcano, New Zealand. J Geophys Res 117:B11208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fretzdorff S, Worthington TJ, Haase KM, Hékinian R, Franz L, Keller RA, Stoffers P (2004) Magmatism in the Bransfield Basin: rifting of the south Shetland arc? J Geophys Res 109:B12208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Flexas M, Arias MR, Ojeda MA (2017) Hydrography and dynamics of port Foster, Deception Island, Antarctica. Antarct Sci 29(1):83–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Galindo-Zaldívar J, Gamboa L, Maldonado A, Nakao S, Bochu Y (2004) Tectonic development of the Bransfield Basin and its prolongation to the south Scotia Ridge, northern Antarctic peninsula. Mar Geol 206(1–4):267–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. García A, Blanco I, Torta JM, Astiz MM, Ibáñez JM, Ortiz R (1997) A search for the volcanomagnetic signal at deception volcano (south Shetland I., Antarctica). Ann Geofis 40(2):319–327Google Scholar
  16. González-Casado JM, Giner-Roles JL, López-Martinez J (2000) Bransfield Basin, Antarctic peninsula: not a normal backarc basin. Geology 28:1043–1046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. González-Ferrán O, Katsui Y (1970) Estudio integral del volcanismo cenozoico superior de las Islas Shetland del Sur, Antartica. Serie Cientifica, 1, 123–174, Instituto Antartico ChilenoGoogle Scholar
  18. González-Ferrán O (1991) The Bransfield rift and its active volcanism. In: Thomson, RA, Crame, JA, Thomson, JW (eds) Geological evolution of Antarctica, 505–509Google Scholar
  19. González-Ferrán O (1995) Volcanes de Chile. lnstituto Geográfico MilitarGoogle Scholar
  20. Hurst AW, Bibby HM, Scott BJ, McGuinness MJ (1991) The heat source of Ruapehu crater lake; deductions from the energy and mass balances. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 46:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ibáñez JM, del Pezzo E, Almendros J, la Rocca M, Alguacil G, Ortiz R, García A (2000) Seismovolcanic signals at Deception Island volcano, Antarctica: wavefield analysis and source modeling. J Geophys Res 105:13905–13931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ibáñez JM, Carmona E, Almendros J, Saccorotti G, del Pezzo E, Abril M, Ortiz R (2003) The 1998–1999 seismic series at Deception Island volcano, Antarctica. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 128(1–3):65–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jigena BA, Vidal J, Berrocoso M (2015) Determination of the tide constituents at Livingston and Deception Islands (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica), using annual time series. DYNA 82(191):209-218Google Scholar
  24. Jin YK, Lee J, Hong JK, Nam SH (2009) Is subduction ongoing in the south Shetland trench, Antarctic peninsula?: new constraints from crustal structures of outer trench wall. Geosci J 13(1):59–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Livermore R, Balanyá JC, Maldonado A, Martínez JM, Rodríguez-Fernández J, Sanz-Galdeano C, Galindo-Zaldívar J, Jabaloy A, Barnolas A, Somoza L, Hernández-Molina J, Suriñach E, Viseras C (2000) Autopsy on a dead spreading center: the Phoenix ridge, drake passage, Antarctica. Geology 28:607–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lenn YD, Chereskin TK, Glatts RC (2003) Seasonal to tidal variability in currents, stratification and acoustic backscatter in an Antarctic ecosystem at Deception Island. Deep-Sea Res II 50:1665–1683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mallat S (2009) A wavelet tour of signal processing—the sparse way. Academic Press, 1–805Google Scholar
  28. Maestro A, Somoza L, Rey J, Martinez-Frias J, Lopez-Martinez J (2007) Active tectonics, fault patterns, and stress field of Deception Island: a response to oblique convergence between the Pacific and Antarctic plates. J S Am Earth Sci 23:256–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meredith, M.P., Brandon, A., Wallace, M.I., Clarke, A., Leng, M.J., Renfrew, M.A., van Lipzig, N.P.M., King, J.C., 2008. Variability in the freshwater balance of northern Margarite Bay, Antarctic peninsula: results from d18O. Deep-Sea Res II, 55, 309–322Google Scholar
  30. Millero FJ, Poisson A (1981) International one-atmosphere equation of state of seawater. Deep Sea Res A Oceanogr Res Pap 28(6):625–629.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(81)90122-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Millero FJ, Huang F (2009) The density of seawater as a function of salinity (5 to 70 g kg−1) and temperature (273.15 to 363.15 K). Ocean Sci 5(2):91–100.  https://doi.org/10.5194/os-5-91-2009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McCleskey RB, Nordstrom DK, Ryan JN (2012) Comparison of electrical conductivity calculation methods for natural waters. Limnol Oceanogr Methods 10:952–967.  https://doi.org/10.4319/lom.2012.10.952 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ohba T, Hirabayashi J, Nogami K (1994) Water, heat and chloride budgets of the crater lake, Yugama at Kusatsu-Shirane volcano, Japan. Geochem J 28:217–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ortiz R, García A, Aparicio A, Blanco I, Felpeto A, Del Rey R, Villegas M, Ibáñez JM, Morales J, Del Pezzo E, Olmedillas JC, Astiz M, Vila J, Ramos M, Viramonte JG, Risso C, Caselli A (1997) Monitoring of the volcanic activity of Deception Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica (1986–1995). In: Ricci CA (ed) The Antarctic region: geological evolution and processes, 1071–1076Google Scholar
  35. Padrón E, Hernández PA, Carmona E, Pérez NM, Melían G, Sumino H, Almendros J, Kusakabe M, Wakita H, Padilla GD (2015) Geochemical evidence of different sources of long-period seismic events at deception volcano, south Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Antarct Sci 27(6):557–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pasternack GB, Varekamp JC (1997) Volcanic lake systematics I. Physical constraints. J Bull Volcanol 58(7):528–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Peci, L. M., Berrocoso, M., Páez, R., Fernández-Ros, A., De Gil, A., 2012. IESID: automatic system for monitoring ground deformation on the Deception Island volcano (Antarctica). Comput Geosci, 48, 126–133Google Scholar
  38. Peci LM, Berrocoso M, Fernández-Ros A, García A, Marrero JM, Ortiz R (2014) Embedded ARM system for volcano monitoring in remote areas: application to the active volcano on Deception Island (Antarctica). Sensors 14:672–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Petty AA, Holland PR, Feltham DL (2014) Sea ice and the ocean mixed layer over the Antarctic shelf seas. Cryosphere 8:761–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Poisson A (1980) Conductivity/salinity/temperature relationship of diluted and concentrated standard seawater. IEEE J Ocean Eng 5(1):41–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Prates G, Berrocoso M, Fernández-Ros A, García A (2013) Enhancement of sub-daily positioning solutions for surface deformation monitoring at deception volcano (south Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Bull Volcanol 75:1–10Google Scholar
  42. Prudencio J, De Siena L, Ibáñez JM, Del Pezzo E, García-Yeguas A, Díaz-Moreno A (2015) The 3D attenuation structure of Deception Island (Antarctica). Surv Geophys 36:371–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rey J, Somoza L, Martínez-Frías J (1995) Tectonic, volcanic, and hydrothermal event sequence on Deception Island (Antarctica). Geo-Mar Lett 15(1):1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Robertson-Maurice SD, Wiens DA, Shore PJ, Vera E, Dorman LMM (2003) Seismicity and tectonics of the south Shetland Islands and Bransfield Strait from a regional broadband seismograph deployment. J Geophys Res 108(B10):2461–2472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rouwet D, Tassi F, Mora-Amador R, Sandri L, Chiarini V (2014) Past, present and future of volcanic lake monitoring. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 272:78–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sansone FJ, Resing JA (1995) The heat source of Ruapehu crater Lake; deductions from the energy and mass balances. J Geophys Res 100(C7):13555–13569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sansone FJ, Resing JA, Tribble GW, Sedwick PN, Kelly KM, Hon K (1991) Lava-sea water interactions at shallow-water submarine lava flows. Geophys Res Lett 18(9):1731–1734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Smith KL Jr, Baldwin RJ, Glatts RC, Chereskin TK, Ruhl H, Lagun V (2003) Weather, ice, and snow conditions at Deception Island, Antarctica: long time-series photographic monitoring. Deep-Sea Res II 50:1649–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Smellie JL (2001) Lithostratigraphy and volcanic evolution of Deception Island, south Shetland Islands. Antarct Sci 13:188–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Solari MA, Hervé F, Martinod J, le Roux JP, Ramirez LE, Palacios C (2008) Geotectonic evolution of the Bransfield basin, Antarctic peninsula: insights from analogue models. Antarct Sci 20:185–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Somoza L, Martínez-Frías J, Smellie JL, Rey J, Maestro A (2004) Evidence for hydrothermal venting and sediment volcanism discharged after recent short-lived volcanic eruptions at Deception Island, Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mar Geol 203(1–2):119–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Taylor FW, Bevis MG, Dalziel IWD, Smalley R Jr, Frohlich C, Kendrick E, Foster J, Phillips D, Gudipati K (2008) Kinematics and segmentation of the south Shetland Islands-Bransfield basin system, northern Antarctic peninsula. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 9:Q04035Google Scholar
  53. Torrecillas C, Berrocoso M, Pérez-López R, Torrecillas MD (2012) Determination of volumetric variations and coastal changes due to historical volcanic eruptions using historical maps and remote-sensing at Deception Island (West Antarctica). Geomorphology 136(1):6–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vidal J, Berrocoso M, Fernández-Ros A (2011a) Study of tides and sea levels at deception and Livingston islands, Antarctica. Antarct Sci 24(2):193–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Vidal J, Berrocoso M, Jigena B (2011b) Hydrodynamic modeling of Port Foster, Deception Island (Antarctica). In: Tenreiro-Machado, JA, Baleanu D, Luo ACJ (eds) Nonlinear and complex dynamics: applications in physical, biological, and financial systems, 193–203Google Scholar
  56. Zandomeneghi D, Barclay A, Almendros J, Ibañez JM, Wilcock WSD, Ben-Zvi T (2009) Crustal structure of Deception Island volcano from P wave seismic tomography: tectonic and volcanic implications. J Geophys Res 114:B06310CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio de Astronomía, Geodesia y CartografíaUniversidad de CádizCádizSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Estudos Geográficos, IGOTUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Instituto Superior de EngenhariaUniversidade do AlgarveFaroPortugal

Personalised recommendations