Skip to main content

MeMoVolc consensual document: a review of cross-disciplinary approaches to characterizing small explosive magmatic eruptions

Abstract

A workshop entitled “Tracking and understanding volcanic emissions through cross-disciplinary integration: a textural working group” was held at the Université Blaise Pascal (Clermont-Ferrand, France) on the 6–7 November 2012. This workshop was supported by the European Science Foundation (ESF). The main objective of the workshop was to establish an initial advisory group to begin to define measurements, methods, formats and standards to be applied in the integration of geophysical, physical and textural data collected during volcanic eruptions. This would homogenize procedures to be applied and integrated during both past and ongoing events. The workshop comprised a total of 35 scientists from six countries (France, Italy, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland and Iceland). The four main aims were to discuss and define: standards, precision and measurement protocols for textural analysis; identification of textural, field deposit, chemistry and geophysical parameters that can best be measured and combined; the best delivery formats so that data can be shared between and easily used by different groups; and multi-disciplinary sampling and measurement routines currently used and measurement standards applied, by each community. The group agreed that community-wide, cross-disciplinary integration, centred on defining those measurements and formats that can be best combined, is an attainable and key global focus. Consequently, we prepared this paper to present our initial conclusions and recommendations, along with a review of the current state of the art in this field that supported our discussions.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  • Adams NK, Houghton BF, Hildreth W (2006a) Abrupt transitions during sustained explosive eruptions: examples from the 1912 eruption of Novarupta, Alaska. Bull Volcanol 69:189–206

    Google Scholar 

  • Adams NK, Houghton BF, Fagents S, Hildreth W (2006b) The transition from explosive to effusive eruptive regime: the example of the 1912 Novarupta eruption, Alaska. GSA Bull 118(5/6):620–634. doi:10.1130/B25768.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Alfano F, Bonadonna C, Volentik ACM, Connor CB, Watt SFL, Pyle DM, Connor LJ (2011) Tephra stratigraphy and eruptive volume of the May, 2008, Chaiten eruption, Chile. Bull Volcanol 73(5):613–630

    Google Scholar 

  • Alfano F, Bonadonna C, Gurioli L (2012) Insights on rhyolitic eruption dynamic from textural analysis: the example of the May Chaitén eruption (Chile). Bull Volcanol 74(9):2095–2108. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0648-3

    Google Scholar 

  • Aloisi M, D’Agostino M, Dean KG, Mostaccio A, Neri G (2002) Satellite analysis and PUFF simulation of the eruptive cloud generated by the Mount Etna paroxysm of 22 July 1998. J Geophys Res 107(B12):2373. doi:10.1029/2001JB000630

    Google Scholar 

  • Alparone S, Andronico D, Lodato L, Sgroi T (2003) Relationship between tremor and volcanic activity during the Southeast Crater eruption on Mount Etna in early 2000. J Geophys Res 108(B5):2241. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.05.011

  • Anderson AT (1991) Hourglass inclusions: theory and application to the Bishop Rhyolitic Tuff. Am Mineral 76:530–547

    Google Scholar 

  • Andronico D, Corsaro RA, Cristaldi A, Polacci M (2008) Characterizing high energy explosive eruptions at Stromboli volcano using multidisciplinary data: an example from the 9 January 2005 explosion. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 176:541–550. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.05.011

    Google Scholar 

  • Andronico D, Scollo S, Cristaldi A, Ferrari F (2009a) Monitoring ash emission episodes at Mt. Etna: the 16 November 2006 case study. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 180(2–4):123–134. doi:10.1016/j. jvolgeores.2008.10.019

    Google Scholar 

  • Andronico D, Cristaldi A, Del Carlo P, Taddeucci J (2009b) Shifting styles of basaltic explosive activity during the 2002-03 eruption of Mt Etna, Italy. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 180(2-4):110–122. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.07.026

    Google Scholar 

  • Andronico D, Lo Castro MD, Sciotto M, Spina L (2013a) The 2010 ash emissions at the summit craters of Mt Etna: relationship with seismo-acoustic signals. J Geophys Res 118:51–70. doi:10.1029/2012JB009895

    Google Scholar 

  • Andronico D, Taddeucci J, Cristaldi A, Miraglia L, Scarlato P, Gaeta M (2013b) The 15 March 2007 paroxysm of Stromboli: video-image analysis, and textural and compositional features of the erupted deposit. Bull Volcanol 75:733. doi:10.1007/s00445-013-0733-2

    Google Scholar 

  • Aoyama H, Oshima H (2008) Tilt change recorded by broadband seismometer prior to small phreatic explosion of Meakan-dake volcano, Hokkaido. Japan Geophys Res Lett 35:L06307. doi:10.1029/2007GL032988

    Google Scholar 

  • Armienti P (2008) Decryption of igneous textures: crystal size distribution tools. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:623–649

    Google Scholar 

  • Armienti P, Tarquini S (2002) Power law olivine crystal size distributions in lithospheric mantle xenoliths. Lithos 65:273–285

    Google Scholar 

  • Armienti P, Pareschi M, Innocenti F, Pompilio M (1994) Effects of magma storage and ascent on the kinetics of crystal growth. The case of the 1991-92 Mt. Etna eruption. Contrib Mineral Petrol 115:402–414

    Google Scholar 

  • Arzilli F, Voltolini M, Mancini L, Cicconi MR, Giuli G, Carroll MR (2013) Spherulites in trachytic melts. Mineral Mag 77(5):622

    Google Scholar 

  • Asimow PD, Ghiorso MS (1998) Algorithmic modifications extending MELTS to calculate subsolidus phase relations. Am Mineral 83:1127–1131

    Google Scholar 

  • Bai L, Baker DR, Rivers M (2008) Experimental study of bubble growth in Stromboli basalt melts at 1 atmosphere. Earth Planet Sci Lett 267:533–547. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.11.063

    Google Scholar 

  • Bai L, Baker DR, Hill RJ (2010) Permeability of vesicular Stromboli basaltic glass: lattice Boltzmann simulations and laboratory measurements. J Geophys Res 115:B07201. doi:10.1029/2009JB007047

    Google Scholar 

  • Bai L, Baker DR, Polacci M, Hill RJ (2011) In-situ degassing study on crystal-bearing Stromboli basaltic magmas: implications for Stromboli explosions. Geophys Res Lett 38:L17309. doi:10.1029/2011GL048540

    Google Scholar 

  • Baker DR, Polacci M, LaRue A (2011) A study on the reproducibility of counting vesicles in volcanic rocks. Geosphere 7:70–78

    Google Scholar 

  • Baker DR, Mancini L, Polacci M, Higgins MD, Gualda GAR, Hill RJ, Rivers ML (2012) An introduction to the application of X-ray microtomography to the three-dimensional study of igneous rocks. Lithos 148:262–276

    Google Scholar 

  • Balcone-Boissard H, Villemant B, Boudon G (2010) Behavior of halogens during the degassing of felsic magma. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 11(9):477–485. doi:10.10029/2010GC003028

    Google Scholar 

  • Balcone-Boissard H, Boudon G, Villemant B (2011) Textural and geochemical constraints on eruptive style of the 79AD eruption at Vesuvius. Bull Volcanol 73:279–294. doi:10.1007/s00445-010-0409-0

  • Balcone-Boissard H, Boudon G, Ucciani G, Villemant B, Cioni R, Civetta L, Orsi G (2012) Magma degassing and eruption dynamics of the Avellino Pumice Plinian eruption of Somma-Vesuvius (Italy). Comparison with the Pompeii eruption. Earth Planet Sci Lett 331–332:257–268. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.03.011

    Google Scholar 

  • Barberi F, Cioni R, Santacroce R, Sbrana A, Vecci R (1989) Magmatic and phreatomagmatic phases in explosive eruptions of Vesuvius as deduced by grain-size and component analysis of the pyroclastic deposits. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 38:287–307

  • Barker SJ, Rotella MD, Wilson CJN, Wright IC, Wysoczanski RJ (2012) Contrasting pyroclast density spectra from subaerial and submarine silicic eruptions in the Kermadec arc: implications for eruption processes and dredge sampling. Bull Volcanol 74:1425–1443. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0604-2

    Google Scholar 

  • Barnie T, Bombrun M, Burton MR, Harris A, Sawyer G (2014) Quantification of gas and solid emissions during Strombolian explosions using simultaneous sulphur dioxide and infrared camera observations. J Volcanol Geotherm Res. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.10.003

    Google Scholar 

  • Barsotti S, Neri A, Scire JS (2008) The VOL-CALPUFF model for atmospheric ash dispersal: 1. Approach and physical formulation. J Geophys Res 113:B03208

    Google Scholar 

  • Bear J (1972) Dynamics of fluids in porous media. Dover, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Belien IB, Cashman KV, Rempel AW (2010) Gas accumulation in particle-rich suspensions and implications for bubble populations in crystal-rich magma. Earth Planet Sci Lett 297(1-2):133–140. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.06.014

    Google Scholar 

  • Berlo K, Turner S (2010) 210Pb-226Ra disequilibria in volcanic rocks. Earth Planet Sci Lett (Frontiers) 296:155–164

    Google Scholar 

  • Berlo K, Blundy J, Turner S, Cashman K, Hawkesworth C, Black S (2004) Geochemical precursors to volcanic activity at Mount St. Helens, USA. Science 306:1167–1169

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernard B (2013) Home-made ashmeter: a low-cost, high-efficiency solution to improve tephra field-data collection for contemporary explosive eruptions. J Appl Volcanol 2:1

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernard ML, Zamora M, Geraud Y, Boudon G (2007) Transport properties of pyroclastic rocks from Montagne Pelée volcano (Martinique, Lesser Antilles). J Geophys Res 112:B05205. doi:10.1029/2006JB004385

    Google Scholar 

  • Bindeman IN (2003) Crystal sizes in evolving silicic magma chambers. Geology 31:367–370

    Google Scholar 

  • Bjornsson H, Magnusson S, Arason P, Petersen GN (2013) Velocities in the plume of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption. J Geophys Res Atmos 118:698–711. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50876

    Google Scholar 

  • Blower JD (2001a) Factors controlling permeability-porosity relationships in magma. Bull Volcanol 63:497–504

    Google Scholar 

  • Blower JD (2001b) A three-dimensional network model of permeability in vesicular material. Comput Geosci 27:115–119

    Google Scholar 

  • Blower JD, Keating JP, Mader HM, Phillips JC (2001) Inferring volcanic degassing processes from bubble size distributions. Geophys Res Lett 28(2):347–350

    Google Scholar 

  • Blower JD, Keating JP, Mader HM, Phillips JC (2002) The evolution of bubble size distributions in volcanic eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 120:1–23. doi:10.1016/S0377-0273

    Google Scholar 

  • Blundy J, Cashman KV (2008) Petrologic reconstruction of magmatic system variables and processes. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:179–239

    Google Scholar 

  • Blundy J, Cashman K, Humphreys M (2006) Magma heating by decompression-driven crystallization beneath andesite volcanoes. Nature 443:76–80

    Google Scholar 

  • Bombrun M, Barra V, Harris A (2014) Algorithm for particle detection and parameterization in high-frame-rate thermal video. J Appl Remote Sens 8(1):083549. doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.083549

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonadonna C, Costa A (2012) Estimating the volume of tephra deposits: a new simple strategy. Geology 40(5):415–418. doi:10.1130/G32769.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonadonna C, Ernst GGJ, Sparks RSJ (1998) Thickness variations and volume estimates of tephra fall deposits: the importance of particle Reynolds number. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 81:173–187

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonadonna C, Genco R, Gouhier M, Pistolesi M, Cioni R, Alfano F, Hoskuldsson A, Ripepe M (2011) Tephra sedimentation during the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption (Iceland) from deposit, radar, and satellite observations. J Geophys Res 116(B12202). doi:10.1029/2011JB008462

  • Bonadonna C, Cioni R, Pistolesi M, Connor C, Scollo S, Pioli L, Rosi M (2013) Determination of the largest clast sizes of tephra deposits for the characterization of explosive eruptions: a study of the IAVCEI commission on tephra hazard modelling. Bull Volcanol 75(1). doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0680-3

  • Boorman S, Boudreau AE, Kruger FJ (2004) The lower zone–critical zone transition of the Bushveld complex: a quantitative textural study. J Petrol 45:1209–1235

    Google Scholar 

  • Bouma AH (1969) Methods for the study of sedimentary structures. Wiley, New York, p 458

    Google Scholar 

  • Bouvet de Maisonneuve C, Bachmann O, Burgisser A (2009) Characterization of juvenile pyroclasts from the Kos Plateau Tuff (Aegean Arc): insights into the eruptive dynamics of a large rhyolitic eruption. Bull Volcanol 71:643–658

    Google Scholar 

  • Braun T, Ripepe M (1993) Interaction of seismic and air waves as recorded at Stromboli volcano. Geophys Res Lett 20(1):65–68

    Google Scholar 

  • Brodsky E, Kanamori H, Sturtevant B (1999) A seismically constrained mass discharge rate for the initiation of the May 18, 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption. J Geophys Res 104:29,387–29,400

    Google Scholar 

  • Bryon DN, Atherton MP, Hunter RH (1995) The interpretation of granitic textures from serial thin sectioning, image analysis and three-dimensional reconstruction. Mineral Mag 59:203–211

    Google Scholar 

  • Burbié T, Zinszner B (1985) Hydraulic and acoustic properties as a function of porosity in Fontainebleau sandstone. J Geophys Res 90:11524–11532

    Google Scholar 

  • Burgisser A, Gardner JE (2005) Experimental constraints on degassing and permeability in volcanic conduit flow. Bull Volcanol 67:42–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Burgisser A, Poussineau S, Arbaret L, Druitt TH, Giachetti T, Bourdier JL (2010) Pre-explosive conduit conditions of the 1997 Vulcanian explosions at Soufrière Hills Volcano (Montserrat): I. pressure and vesicularity distributions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 194(1–3):27–41. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.01.008

    Google Scholar 

  • Burton MR, Mader HM, Polacci M (2007) The role of gas percolation in quiescent degassing of persistently active volcanoes. Earth Planet Sci Lett 264:46–60. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.08.028

    Google Scholar 

  • Bustillos J, Mothes P (2010) Ash falls at Tungurahua volcano: implementation of systematic ash collection for quantifying accumulated volumes. Cities on volcanoes abstract volume, Tenerife. Canary Island, Spain, May 31 – June 4 2010, 2.7-O-07

  • Büttner R, Dellino P, Zimanowski B (1999) Identifying magma–water interaction from the surface features of ash particles. Nature 401:688–690

    Google Scholar 

  • Büttner R, Dellino P, La Volpe L, Lorenz V, Zimanowsky B (2002) Thermohydraulic explosions in phreatomagmatic eruptions as evidenced by the comparison between pyroclasts and products from molten fuel interaction experiments. J Geophys Res 107(B11):2277. doi:10.1029/2001JB000511

    Google Scholar 

  • Cadoux A, Scaillet B, Druitt TH, Deloule E (2014) Magma storage conditions of large Plinian eruptions of Santorini volcano (Greece). J Petrol 55(6):1129–1171. doi:10.1093/petrology/egu021

    Google Scholar 

  • Caltabiano T, Roman R, Budetta G (1994) SO2 flux measurements at Mount Etna (Sicily). J Geophys Res 99:12 809–12 819

    Google Scholar 

  • Capaccioni B, Sarocchi D (1996) Computer-assisted image analysis on clast shape fabric from the Orvieto-Bagnoregio ignimbrite (Vulsini District, central Italy): implications on the emplacement mechanisms. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 70(1–2):75–90. doi:10.1016/0377-0273(95)00049-6

    Google Scholar 

  • Caracciolo C, Prodia F, Uijlenhoetc R (2006) Comparison between Pludix and impact/optical disdrometers during rainfall measurement campaigns. Atmos Res 82(1-2):137–163

    Google Scholar 

  • Carey S, Sparks RSJ (1986) Quantitative models of the fallout and dispersal of tephra from volcanic eruption columns. Bull Volcanol 48:109–125. doi:10.1007/BF01046546

    Google Scholar 

  • Carey S, Maria A, Sigurdsson H (2000) Use of fractal analysis for discrimination of particles from primary and reworked jökulhlaup deposits in SE Iceland. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 104:65–80

    Google Scholar 

  • Carey RJ, Houghton BF, Thordarson T (2009) Abrupt shifts between wet and dry phases of the 1875 eruption of Askja Volcano: microscopic evidence for macroscopic dynamics. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 184:256–270

    Google Scholar 

  • Carey RJ, Manga M, Degruyter W, Swanson D, Houghton B, Orr T, Patrick M (2012) Externally triggered renewed bubble nucleation in basaltic magma: the 12 October 2008 eruption at Halema‘uma‘u Overlook vent, Kīlauea, Hawai’i, USA. J Geophys Res 117, B11202. doi:10.1029/2012JB009496

    Google Scholar 

  • Carey RJ, Manga M, Degruyter W, Gonnermann H, Swanson D, Houghton B, Orr T, Patrick M (2013) Convection in a volcanic conduit recorded by bubbles. Geology 41(4):395–398

    Google Scholar 

  • Carn SA, Krueger AJ, Bluth GJS, Schaefer SJ, Krotkov NA, Watson IM, Datta S (2003) Volcanic eruption detection by the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instruments: a 22-year record of sulfur dioxide and ash emissions. In: Volcanic degassing (eds. C Oppenheimer, DM Pyle and J Barclay), Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 213, pp. 177-202.

  • Carn SA, Strow LL, de Souza-Machado S, Edmonds Y, Hannon S (2005) Quantifying tropospheric volcanic emissions with AIRS: the 2002 eruption of Mt. Etna (Italy). Geophys Res Lett 32(2), L02301. doi:10.1029/2004GL021034

    Google Scholar 

  • Cas RAF, Wright JV (1987) Volcanic successions: modern and ancient. Allen & Unwin, London, 528 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV (1988) Crystallization of Mount St. Helens 1980–1986 dacite: a quantitative textural approach. Bull Volcanol 50(3):194–209. doi:10.1007/BF01079682

  • Cashman KV (1992) Groundmass crystallization of Mount St. Helens dacite, 1980-1986: a tool for interpreting shallow magmatic processes. Contrib Mineral Petrol 109:431–449

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV (1993) Relationship between plagioclase crystallization and cooling rate in basaltic melts. Contrib Mineral Petrol 113:126–142

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV, Mangan MT (1994) Physical aspects of magmatic degassing II. Constraints on vesiculation processes from textural studies of eruptive products. In: Carroll M (ed) Volatiles in Magmas. Mineral Sot Am, Washington, pp 447–478

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV, Marsh BD (1988) Crystal size distribution (CSD) in rocks and the kinetics and dynamics of crystallization II. Makaopuhi lava lake. Contrib Mineral Petrol 99:292–305

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV, McConnell S (2005) Transitions from explosive to effusive activity—the summer 1980 eruptions of Mount St. Helens. Bull Volcanol 68:57–75

    Google Scholar 

  • Cashman KV, Mangan MT, Newman S (1994) Surface degassing and modifications to vesicle size distributions in Kilauea basalt. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 61:45–68

    Google Scholar 

  • Castro JM, Cashman KV, Manga M (2003) A technique for measuring 3D crystal-size distributions of prismatic microlites in obsidian. Am Mineral 88:1230–1240

    Google Scholar 

  • Castro JM, Burgisser A, Shipper CI, Mancini S (2012) Mechanisms of bubble coalescence in silicic magmas. Bull Volcanol 74:2339–2352

    Google Scholar 

  • Chakraborty S (2008) Diffusion in solid silicates: a tool to track timescales of processes comes of age. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 36(1):153–190

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen Y, Provost A, Schiano P, Cluzel N (2011) The rate of water loss from olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Contrib Mineral Petrol 162:625–636

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen Y, Provost A, Schiano P, Cluzel N (2013) Magma ascent rate and initial water concentration inferred from diffusive water loss from olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Contrib Mineral Petrol 165:525–541

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheng HC, Lemlich R (1983) Errors in the measurement of bubble-size distribution in foam. Ind Eng Chem Fundam 22:105–109

    Google Scholar 

  • Chouet B, Hamisevicz N, McGetchin TR (1974) Photoballistics of volcanic jet activity at Stromboli, Italy. J Geophys Res 79:4961–4976

    Google Scholar 

  • Cichy SB, Botcharnikov RE, Holtz F, Behrens H (2011) Vesiculation and microlite crystallization induced by decompression: a case study of the 1991-1995 Mt Unzen eruption (Japan). J Petrol 52:1469–1492

    Google Scholar 

  • Cigolini C, Laiolo M, Bertolino S (2008) Probing Stromboli volcano from the mantle to paroxysmal eruptions. In: Annen C, Zellmer GF (eds) Dynamics of crustal magma transfer, storage and differentiation. Geological Society, London, special publication, vol 304. Geological Society, London, pp 33–70

    Google Scholar 

  • Cimarelli C, Di Traglia F, Taddeucci J (2010) Basaltic scoria textures from a zoned conduit as precursors to violent Strombolian activity. Geology 38(5):439–442

    Google Scholar 

  • Cioni R, Sbrana A, Vecci R (1992) Morphological features of juvenile pyroclasts from magmatic to phreatomagmatic deposits of Vesuvius. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 51:61–78

  • Cioni R, D’Oriano C, Bertagnini A (2008) Fingerprinting ash deposits of small scale eruptions by their physical and textural features. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 177:277–287

    Google Scholar 

  • Cioni R, Bertagnini A, Andronico D, Cole PD, Mundula F (2011) The 512 AD eruption of Vesuvius: complex dynamics of a small scale subplinian event. Bull Volcanol 73(7):789–810. doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0454-3

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke AB, Stephens S, Teasdale R, Sparks RSJ, Diller K (2007) Petrologic constraints on the decompression history of magma prior to Vulcanian explosions at the Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 161:261–274

    Google Scholar 

  • Clarke AB, Phillips JC, Chojnicki KN (2009) An investigation of Vulcanian eruption dynamics using laboratory analogue experiments and scaling analysis. In: Studies in volcanology: the legacy of George Walker, Thordason T, Self S, Larsen G, Rowland SK, Höskuldsson Á (eds) IAVCEI Special Publications in Volcanology 2: 155-166.

  • Cluzel N, Laporte D, Provost A (2008) Kinetics of heterogeneous bubble nucleation in rhyolitic melts: implications for the number density of bubbles in volcanic conduits and for pumice textures. Contrib Mineral Petrol 156:745–763

    Google Scholar 

  • Colò L, Ripepe M, Baker DR, Polacci M (2010) Magma vesiculation and infrasonic activity at Stromboli open conduit volcano. Earth Planet Sc Lett 292 (3–4):274–280

  • Colucci S, Palladino DM, Mulukutla GK, Proussevitch AA (2013) 3-D reconstruction of ash vesicularity: insight into the origin of ash-rich explosive eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 255:98–107

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa F, Cohmen R, Chakraborty S (2008) Time scales of magmatic processes from modeling the zoning patterns of crystals. In: Putirka KD, Tepley FJ (Eds) Minerals, inclusions and volcanic processes. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:545-594

  • Costantini L, Houghton BF, Bonadonna C (2010) Constraints on eruption dynamics of basaltic explosive activity derived from chemical and microtextural study: the example of the Fontana Lapilli Plinian eruption, Nicaragua. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 189(3–4):207–224. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.11.008

    Google Scholar 

  • Couch S, Sparks RSJ, Carroll MR (2003) The kinetics of degassing-induced crystallization at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. J Petrol 44(8):1477–1502

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Oriano C, Poggianti E, Bertagnini A, Cioni R, Landi P, Polacci M, Rosi M (2005) Changes in eruptive styles during the A.D. 1538 Monte Nuovo eruption (Phleagrean Fields, Italy): the role of syneruptive crystallization. Bull Volcanol 67:601–621

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Oriano C, Cioni R, Bertagnini A, Andronico D, Cole PD (2011a) Dynamics of ash-dominated eruptions at Vesuvius: the post-512 AD AS1a event. Bull Volcanol 73(6):699–715. doi:10.1007/s00445-010-0432-1

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Oriano C, Bertagnini A, Pompilio M (2011b) Ash erupted during normal activity at Stromboli (Aeolian Islands, Italy) raises questions on how the feeding system works. Bull Volcanol 73:471–477

    Google Scholar 

  • D’Oriano C, Pompilio M, Bertagnini A, Cioni R, Pichavant M (2012) Effects of experimental reheating of natural basaltic ash at different temperatures and redox conditions. Contrib Mineral Petrol. doi:10.1007/s00410-012-0839-0

    Google Scholar 

  • De Campos CP, Dingwell DB, Perugini D et al (2008) Heterogeneities in magma chambers: insights from the behavior of major and minor elements during mixing experiments with natural alkaline melts. Chem Geol 256:131–145. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.06.034

    Google Scholar 

  • De Keyser TL (1999) Digital scanning of thin sections and peels. J Sediment Res 69:962–964

    Google Scholar 

  • Degruyter W, Bachmann O, Burgisser A (2010a) Controls on magma permeability in the volcanic conduit during the climactic phase of the Kos Plateau Tuff eruption (Aegean Arc). Bull Volcanol 72:63–74. doi:10.1007/s00445-009-0302-x

    Google Scholar 

  • Degruyter W, Burgisser A, Bachmann O, Malaspina O (2010b) Synchrotron X-ray microtomography and lattice Boltzmann simulations of gas flow through volcanic pumices. Geosphere 6:470–481

    Google Scholar 

  • Degruyter W, Bachmann O, Burgisser A, Manga M (2012) The effects of outgassing on the transition between effusive and explosive silicic eruptions. Earth Planet Sci Lett 349–350:161–170

    Google Scholar 

  • Dehn J, Dean K, Engle K (2000) Thermal monitoring of North Pacific volcanoes from space. Geology 28(8):755–758

    Google Scholar 

  • Dehn J, Dean KG, Engle K, Izbekov P (2002) Thermal precursors in satellite images of the 1999 eruption of Shishaldin volcano. Bull Volcanol 64:525–545

    Google Scholar 

  • Delle Donne D, Ripepe M (2012) High-frame rate thermal imagery of Strombolian explosions: implications for explosive and infrasonic source dynamics. J Geophys Res 117(B12):B09206. doi:10.1029/2011JB008987

  • Dellino P, La Volpe L (1996a) Image processing analysis in reconstructing fragmentation and transportation mechanisms of pyroclastic deposits. The case of Monte Pilato-Rocche Rosse eruptions, Lipari (Aeolian Islands, Italy). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 71:13–29

    Google Scholar 

  • Dellino P, La Volpe L (1996b) Cluster analysis on ash particles morphology features to discriminate fragmentation dynamics in explosive eruptions. Acta Vulcanol 1:31–39

    Google Scholar 

  • Dellino P, Liotino G (2002) The fractal and multifractal dimension of volcanic ash particles contour: a test study on the utility and volcanological relevance. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 113(1–2):1–18. doi:10.1016/S0377-0273(01)00247-5

    Google Scholar 

  • Dellino P, Isaia R, La Volpe L, Orsi G (2001) Statistical analysis of textural data from complex pyroclastic sequences: implications for fragmentation processes of the Agnano-Monte Spina Tephra (4.1 ka), Phlegraean Fields, southern Italy. Bull Volcanol 63:443–461

    Google Scholar 

  • Dellino P, Mele D, Bonasia R, Braia G, La Volpe L, Sulpizio R (2005) The analysis of the influence of pumice shape on its terminal velocity. J Geophys Res 32, L21306. doi:10.1029/2005GL023954

    Google Scholar 

  • Dellino P, Mele D, Sulpizio R, La Volpe L, Braia G (2012) A method for the calculation of the impact parameters of dilute pyroclastic density currents based on deposit particle characteristics. J Geophys Res 113 (B7). doi:10.1029/2007JB005365

  • Denniss AM, Harris AJL, Rothery DA, Francis PW, Carlton RW (1998) Satellite observations of the April 1993 eruption of Lascar volcano. Int J Remote Sens 19(5):801–821

    Google Scholar 

  • Dixon JE (1997) Degassing of alkali basalts. Am Mineral 82:368–378

    Google Scholar 

  • Dohmen R, Becker H-W, Chakraborty S (2007) Fe–Mg diffusion in olivine I: experimental determination between 700 and 1,200°C as a function of composition, crystal orientation and oxygen fugacity. Phys Chem 34:389–407. doi:10.1007/s00269-007-0157-7

    Google Scholar 

  • Dubosclard G, Cordesses R, Allard P, Hervier C, Coltelli C, Kornprobst J (1999) First testing of a volcano Doppler radar (Voldorad) at Mount Etna, Italy. Geophys Res Lett 26(22):3389–3392

    Google Scholar 

  • Eichelberger JC, Carrigan CR, Westrich HR, Price RH (1986) Non-explosive silicic volcanism. Nature 323:598–602

    Google Scholar 

  • Engwell SL, Sparks RSJ, Aspinall WP (2013) Quantifying uncertainties in the measurement of tephra fall thickness. J Appl Volcanol 2:5. doi:10.1186/2191-5040-2-5

    Google Scholar 

  • Ersoy O, Chinga G, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Cubuku HE, Ulusoy I (2006) Texture discimination of volcanic ashes from different fragmentation mechanisms: a case study, Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey. Comput Geosci 32:936–946

    Google Scholar 

  • Eychenne J, Le Pennec JL (2012) Sigmoidal particle density distribution in a subplinian scoria fall deposit. Bull Volcanol 74:2243–2249

  • Eychenne J, Le Pennec JL, Troncoso L, Gouhier M, Nedelec JM (2012) Causes and consequences of bimodal grain-size distribution of tephra fall deposited during the August 2006 Tungurahua eruption (Ecuador). Bull Volcanol 74:187–205. doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0517-5

    Google Scholar 

  • Eychenne J, Le Pennec JL, Ramón P, Yepes H (2013) Dynamics of explosive paroxysms at open-vent andesitic systems: high-resolution mass distribution analyses of the 2006 Tungurahua fall deposit (Ecuador). Earth Planet Sci Lett 361:343–355. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.11.002

    Google Scholar 

  • Eychenne J, Houghton BF, Swanson DA, Carey RJ, Swavely L (2015) Dynamics of an open basaltic magma system: the 2008 activity of the Halema‘uma‘u Overlook vent, Kīlauea Caldera. Earth Planet Sci Lett 409:49–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Fagents SA, Gregg TKP, Lopes RMC (2013) Modeling volcanic processes. The physics and mathematics of volcanism. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Cambridge Books Online

  • Faure F, Trolliard G, Nicollet C, Montel J-M (2003) A developmental model of olivine morphology as a function of the cooling rate and the degree of undercooling. Contrib Mineral Petrol 145(2):251–263. doi:10.1007/s00410-003-0449-y

    Google Scholar 

  • Faure F, Schiano P, Trolliard G, Nicollet C, Soulestin B (2007) Textural evolution of polyhedral olivine experiencing rapid cooling rates. Contrib Mineral Petrol 153:405–416

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferguson DJ, Plank TA, Hauri EH, Houghton BF, Gonnermann HM, Swanson DA, Blaser AP (2013) Comparing eruptions of varying intensity at Kilauea via melt inclusion analysis. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013, abstract #V33F-07

  • Fierstein J, Nathenson M (1992) Another look at the calculation of fallout tephra volumes. Bull Volcanol 54:156–167

    Google Scholar 

  • Fierstein J, Houghton BF, Wilson CJN, Hildreth W (1997) Complexities of plinian fall deposition at vent: an example from the 1912 Novarupta eruption (Alaska). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 76:215–227

    Google Scholar 

  • Fischer TP (2008) Fluxes of volatiles (H2O, CO2, N2, Cl, F) from arc volcanoes. Geochem J 42:21–38. doi:10.2343/geochemj.42.21

    Google Scholar 

  • Fisher RV, Schmincke H-U (1984) Pyroclastic rocks. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Fiske RS, Rose TR, Swanson D, Champion D, McGeehin J (2009) Kulanaokuaiki Tephra (ca. A.D. 400–1000): newly recognized evidence for highly explosive eruptions at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai’i. GSA Bull 121:712–728

    Google Scholar 

  • Formenti Y, Druitt TH (2003) Vesicle connectivity in pyroclasts and implications for the fluidisation of fountain-collapse pyroclastic flows, Montserrat (West Indies). Earth Planet Sci Lett 214:561–574

    Google Scholar 

  • Freundt A, Rosi M (1998) From magma to tephra. Elsevier, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Friese K-I, Cichy SB, Wolter F-E, Botcharnikov RE (2013) Analysis of tomographic mineral data using YaDiV—overview and practical case study. Comput Geosci 56:92–103

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaonac’h H, Lovejoy S, Stix J, Schertzer D (1996a) A scaling growth model for bubbles in basaltic flows. Earth Planet Sci Lett 139:395–409

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaonac’h H, Stix J, Lovejoy S (1996b) Scaling effects on vesicles shape, size and heterogeneity of lavas from Mount Etna. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 74:131–153

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaonac’h H, Lovejoy S, Schertzer D (2005) Scaling vesicle distributions and volcanic eruptions. Bull Volcanol 67(4):350–357

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaonac’h H, Lovejoy S, Schertzer D (2003) Percolating magmas and explosive volcanism. Geophys Res Lett 30(11):1559. doi:10.1029/2002GL0116022

  • Gardner JE (2007) Heterogeneous bubble nucleation in highly viscous silicate melts during instantaneous decompression from high pressure. Chem Geol 236:1–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaudin D, Moroni M, Taddeucci J, Scarlato P, Shindler L (2014a) Pyroclast tracking velocimetry: a particle tracking velocimetry-based tool for the study of strombolian explosive eruptions. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 119:5369–5383. doi:10.1002/2014JB011095

    Google Scholar 

  • Gaudin D, Taddeucci J, Scarlato P, Moroni M, Freda C, Gaeta M, Palladino DM (2014b) Pyroclast tracking velocimetry illuminates bomb ejection and explosion dynamics at Stromboli (Italy) and Yasur (Vanuatu) volcanoes. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 119:5384–5397. doi:10.1002/2014JB011096

    Google Scholar 

  • Genareau K, Proussevitch AA, Durant AJ, Mulukutla GK, Sahagian DL (2012) Sizing up the bubbles that produce very fine ash during explosive volcanic eruptions. Geophys Res Lett 39:LI5306. doi:10.1029/292GL052471

  • Genareau K, Mulukutla GK, Proussevitch AA, Durant AJ, Rose WI, Sahagian DL (2013) The size range of bubbles that produce ash during explosive volcanic eruptions. J Appl Volcanol 2:4. doi:10.1186/2191-5040-2-4

    Google Scholar 

  • Genco R, Ripepe M (2010) Inflation-deflation cycles revealed by tilt and seismic records at Stromboli volcano. Geophys Res Lett 37:L12302. doi:10.1029/2010GL042925

    Google Scholar 

  • Gerst A, Hort M, Aster RC, Johnson JB, Kyle PR (2013) The first second of volcanic eruptions from the Erebus volcano lava lake, Antarctica—energies, pressures, seismology, and infrasound. J Geophys Res 118:3318–3340. doi:10.1002/jgrb.50234

    Google Scholar 

  • Ghiorso MS, Sack RO (1995) Chemical mass transfer in magmatic processes. IV. A revised and internally consistent thermodynamic model for the interpolation and extrapolation of liquid-solid equilibria in magmatic systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Contrib Mineral Petrol 119:197–212

    Google Scholar 

  • Giachetti T, Gonnermann HM (2013) Water in pumices: rehydration or incomplete degassing? Earth Planet Sci Lett 369–370:317–332

    Google Scholar 

  • Giachetti T, Druitt TH, Burgisser A, Arbaret L, Galven C (2010) Bubble nucleation and growth during the 1997 Vulcanian explosions of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 193(3–4):215–231. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.04.001

    Google Scholar 

  • Giachetti T, Burgisser A, Arbaret L, Druitt TH, Kelfoun K (2011) Quantitative textural analysis of Vulcanian pyroclasts (Montserrat) using multi-scale X-ray computed microtomography: comparison with results from 2D image analysis. Bull Volcanol 73(9):1295–1309. doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0472-1

    Google Scholar 

  • Goldstein P, Chouet B (1994) Array measurements and modeling of sources of shallow volcanic tremor at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai’i. J Geophys Res 99(B2):2637–2652

    Google Scholar 

  • Gonnermann HM, Houghton BF (2012) Magma degassing and fragmentation during the Plinian eruption of Novarupta, Alaska, 1912. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 13:Q10009. doi:10.1029/2012GC004273

  • Gonnermann HM, Manga M (2013) Dynamics of magma ascent in the volcanic conduit. In: Fagents S, Gregg TKP, Lopes RMC (eds) Modelling volcanic processes: the physics and mathematics of volcanism. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 55–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Goodchild JS, Fueten F (1998) Edge detection in petrographic images using the rotating polarizer stage. Comput Geosci 24:745–751

    Google Scholar 

  • Gouhier M, Donnadieu F (2008) Mass estimations of ejecta from Strombolian explosions by inversion of Doppler radar measurements. J Geophys Res 113, B10202. doi:10.1029/2007JB005383

    Google Scholar 

  • Gouhier M, Donnadieu F (2011) Systematic retrieval of ejecta velocities and gas fluxes at Etna volcano using L-Band Doppler radar. Bull Volcanol 73(9):1139–1145. doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0500-1

    Google Scholar 

  • Gualda GAR (2006) Crystal size distributions derived from 3D datasets: sample size versus uncertainties. J Petrol 47(6):1245–1254

    Google Scholar 

  • Gualda GAR, Rivers M (2006) Quantitative 3D petrography using X-ray tomography: application to Bishop Tuff pumice clasts. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 154(1–2):48–62

    Google Scholar 

  • Gualda GAR, Baker DR, Polacci M (2010a) Introduction: advances in 3D imaging and analysis of geomaterials. Geosphere, special issue. Advances in 3D imaging and analysis of geomaterials 6-5:468–469. doi:10.1130/GES00639.1

  • Gualda GAR, Pamukcu AS, Claiborne LL, Rivers ML (2010b) Quantitative 3D petrography using X-ray tomography 3: documenting accessory phases with differential absorption tomography. Geosphere 6(6):782–792

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurioli L, Houghton B, Cashman K, Cioni R (2005) Complex changes in eruption dynamics and the transition between Plinian and phreatomagmatic activity during the 79AD eruption of Vesuvius. Bull Volcanol 67:144–159. doi:10.1007/s00445-004-0368-4

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurioli L, Harris AJL, Houghton BF, Polacci M, Ripepe M (2008) Textural and geophysical characterization of explosive basaltic activity at Villarrica volcano. J Geophys Res 113, B08206. doi:10.1029/2007JB005328

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurioli L, Harris AJL, Colò L, Bernard J, Favalli M, Ripepe M, Andronico D (2013) Classification, landing distribution and associated flight parameters for a bomb field emplaced during a single major explosion at Stromboli, Italy. Geology 41(5):559–562. doi:10.1130/G33967.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurioli L, Colò L, Bollasina AJ, Harris AJL, Whittington A, Ripepe M (2014) Dynamics of strombolian explosions: inferences from inferences from field and laboratory studies of erupted bombs from Stromboli volcano. J Geophys Res 119:319–345. doi:10.1002/2013JB010355

  • Hamada M, Laporte D, Cluzel N, Koga KT (2010) Simulating bubble number density of rhyolitic pumices from Plinian eruptions: constraints from fast decompression experiments. Bull Volcanol 72:735–746

    Google Scholar 

  • Hammer JE (2008) Experimental studies of the kinetics and energetics of magma crystallization. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:9–59

    Google Scholar 

  • Hammer JE, Rutherford MJ (2002) An experimental study of the kinetics of decompression-induced crystallization in silicic melt. J Geophys Res 107(B1):2021. doi:10.1029/2001JB000281

  • Hammer JE, Cashman KV, Hoblitt RP, Newman S (1999) Degassing and microlite crystallization during pre-climactic events of the 1991 eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines. Bull Volcanol 60:355–380

    Google Scholar 

  • Hammer JE, Sharp TG, Wessel P (2010) Heterogeneous nucleation and epitaxial crystal growth of magmatic minerals. Geology 38:367–370

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris A (2013) Thermal remote sensing of active volcanoes: a user’s manual. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 728 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris AJL, Ripepe M (2007) Synergy of multiple geophysical approaches to unravel explosive eruption conduit and source dynamics—a case study from Stromboli. Chem Erde 67:1–35

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris AJL, Ripepe M, Hort M (2004) Foreward. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 137(1-3):vii–viii. doi:10.1016/S0377-0273(04)00276-8

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris AJL, Ripepe M, Hughes EE (2012) Detailed analysis of particle launch velocities, size distributions and gas densities during normal explosions at Stromboli. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 231–232:109–131

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris AJL, Delle Donne D, Dehn J, Ripepe M, Worden K (2013a) Volcanic plume and bomb field masses from thermal infrared camera imagery. Earth Planet Sci Lett 365:77–85. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.004

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris AJL, Battaglia J, Donnadieu F, Gurioli L, Kelfoun K, Labazuy P, Sawyer G, Valade S, Bombun M, Barra V, Delle Donne D, Lacanna G (2013b) Full bandwidth remote sensing for total parameterization of volcanic plumes. Eos 94(37):321–322

    Google Scholar 

  • Heiken G, Pitts DE (1975) Identification of eruption clouds with the Landsat satellites. Bull Volcanol 39(2):255–265

    Google Scholar 

  • Heiken G, Wohletz KH (1985) Volcanic ash. University of California Press, Berkeley

    Google Scholar 

  • Heilbronner R (2000) Automatic grain boundary detection and grain size analysis using polarization micrographs or orientation images. J Struct Geol 22:969–981

    Google Scholar 

  • Herd R, Pinkerton H (1997) Bubble coalescence in basaltic lava: its impact on the evolution of bubble populations. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 75:137–157

    Google Scholar 

  • Higgins MD (2000) Measurement of crystal size distributions. Am Mineral 85:1105–1116

    Google Scholar 

  • Higgins MD (2002a) A crystal size-distribution study of the Kiglapait layered mafic intrusion, Labrador, Canada: evidence for textural coarsening. Contrib Mineral Petrol 144:314–330

    Google Scholar 

  • Higgins MD (2002b) Closure in crystal size distributions (CSD), verification of CSD calculations, and the significance of CSD fans. Am Mineral 87:171–175

    Google Scholar 

  • Higgins MD (2006) Quantitative textural measurements in igneous and metamorphic petrology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Higgins MD (2011) Textural coarsening in igneous rocks. Int Geol Rev 53:354–376

    Google Scholar 

  • Hoblitt RP, Harmon RS (1993) Bimodal density distribution of cryptodome dacite from the 1980 Mount St. Helens, Washington. Bull Volcanol 55:421–437

    Google Scholar 

  • Holasek RE, Self S (1995) GOES weather satellite observations and measurements of the May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens eruption. J Geophys Res 100(B5):8469–8487

    Google Scholar 

  • Holasek RE, Self S, Woods AW (1996) Satellite observations and interpretation of the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption plumes. J Geophys Res 101(B12):27635–27655

    Google Scholar 

  • Holland ASP, Watson M, Phillips JC, Caricchi L, Dalton MP (2011) Degassing processes during lava dome growth: insights from Santiaguito lava dome, Guatemala. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 202(1–2):153–166

    Google Scholar 

  • Hort M, Seyfried R (1998) Volcanic eruption velocities measured with a micro radar. Geophys Res Lett 25:113–116

    Google Scholar 

  • Hort M, Seyfried R, Vöge M (2003) Radar Doppler velocimity of volcanic eruptions: theoretical considerations and quantitative documentation of changes in eruptive behaviour at Stromboli volcano, Italy. Geophys J Int 154:515–532

    Google Scholar 

  • Horton K, Williams-Jones G, Garbeil H, Elias T, Sutton AJ, Mouginis-Mark P, Porter JN, Clegg S (2005) Real-time measurement of volcanic SO2 emissions: validation of a new UV correlation spectrometer (FLYSPEC). Bull Volcanol. doi:10.1007/s00445-005-0014-9

    Google Scholar 

  • Houghton BF, Wilson CJN (1989) A vesicularity index for pyroclastic deposits. Bull Volcanol 51:451–462. doi:10.1007/BF01078811

    Google Scholar 

  • Houghton BF, Carey RJ, Cashman KV, Wilson CJN, Hobden BJ, Hammer JE (2010) Diverse patterns of ascent, degassing, and eruption of rhyolite magma during the 1.8 ka Taupo eruption. New Zealand: evidence from clast vesicularity. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 195:31–47

    Google Scholar 

  • Houghton BF, Swanson DA, Rausch J, Carey RJ, Fagents SA, Orr TR (2013) Pushing the volcanic explosivity index to its limit and beyond: constraints from exceptionally weak explosive eruptions at Kılauea in 2008. Geology 41(6):627–630

    Google Scholar 

  • Humphreys MCS, Menand T, Blundy JD, Klimm K (2008a) Magma ascent rates in explosive eruptions: constraints from H2O diffusion in melt inclusions. Earth Planet Sci Lett 270:25–40

    Google Scholar 

  • Humphreys MC, Blundy JD, Sparks RSJ (2008b) Shallow-level decompression crystallization and deep magma supply at Shiveluch volcano. Contrib Mineral Petrol 155:45–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Hurwitz S, Navon O (1994) Bubble nucleation in rhyolitic melts: experiments at high pressure, temperature, and water content. Earth Planet Sci Lett 122:267–280

    Google Scholar 

  • Iguchi M, Yakiwara H, Tameguri T, Hendrasto M, Hirabayashi J (2008) Mechanism of explosive eruption revealed by geophysical observations at the Sakurajima, Suwanosejima and Semeru volcanoes. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 178(1):1–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Innocenti S, Andreastuti S, Furman T, del Marmol M-A, Voight B (2013) The pre-eruption conditions for explosive eruptions at Merapi volcano as revealed by crystal texture and mineralogy. J Volcanol Geotherm Res. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.12.028

    Google Scholar 

  • Ishibashi H, Sato H (2007) Viscosity measurements of subliquidus magmas: alkali olivine basalt from the Higashi-Matsuura district, Southwest Japan. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 160:223–238

    Google Scholar 

  • Jerram DA, Cheadle MJ, Philpotts AR (2003) Quantifying the building blocks of igneous rocks: are clustered crystal frameworks the foundation? J Petrol 44:2033–2051

    Google Scholar 

  • Jouniaux L, Bernard ML, Zamora M, Pozzi JP (2000) Streaming potential in volcanic rocks from Mount Pelée. J Geophys Res 105:8391–8401

    Google Scholar 

  • Kahl M, Chakraborty S, Costa F, Pompilio M (2011) Dynamic plumbing system beneath volcanoes revealed by kinetic modeling, and the connection to monitoring data: an example from Mt. Etna. Earth Planet Sc Lett 308:11–22. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.05.008

    Google Scholar 

  • Kaneshima S, Kawakatsu H, Matsubayashi H, Sudo Y, Tsutsui T, Ohminato T, Ito H, Uhira K, Yamasato H, Oikawa J, Takeo M, Iidaka T (1996) Mechanism of phreatic eruptions at Aso Volcano inferred from near-field broadband seismic observations. Science 273(5275):643–645

    Google Scholar 

  • Kennedy B, Spieler O, Scheu B, Kueppers U, Taddeucci J, Dingwell DB (2005) Conduit implosion during Vulcanian eruptions. Geology 33:581–584. doi:10.1130/G21488.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Kent AJR (2008) Melt inclusions in basaltic and related volcanic rocks. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:273–331

    Google Scholar 

  • Kent AJR, Blundy J, Cashman K, Cooper KM, Donnelly C et al (2007) Vapor transfer prior to the October 2004 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington. Geology 35:231–234

    Google Scholar 

  • Ketcham RA (2005) Computational methods for quantitative analysis of three-dimensional features in geological specimens. Geosphere 1:32–41

    Google Scholar 

  • Ketcham RA, Carlson WD (2001) Acquisition, optimization and interpretation of X-ray computed tomographic imagery: applications to the geosciences. Comput Geosci 27:381–400

    Google Scholar 

  • Klawonn M, Houghton BF, Swanson DA, Fagents SA, Wessel P, Wolfe CJ (2014) Constraining explosive volcanism: subjective choices during estimates of eruption magnitude. Bull Volcanol 76:793. doi:10.1007/s00445-013-0793-3

    Google Scholar 

  • Klug C, Cashman KV (1994) Vesiculation of May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens magma. Geology 22:468–472

    Google Scholar 

  • Klug C, Cashman KV (1996) Permeability development in vesiculating magmas: implications for fragmentation. Bull Volcanol 58:87–100

    Google Scholar 

  • Klug C, Cashman KV, Bacon CR (2002) Structure and physical characteristics of pumice from the climatic eruption of Mount Mazama (Crater Lake), Oregon. Bull Volcanol 64:486–501

    Google Scholar 

  • Koyaguchi T, Tokuno M (1993) Origin of the giant eruption cloud of Pinatubo, June 15, 1991. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 55:85–96

    Google Scholar 

  • Krueger AJ, Walter LS, Doiron SD (1990) TOMS measurement of sulfur dioxide emitted during the 1985 Nevado del Ruiz eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 41:7–15

    Google Scholar 

  • Kueppers U, Scheu B, Spieler O, Dingwell DB (2005) Field-based density measurements as tool to identify pre-eruption dome structure: set-up and first results from Unzen volcano, Japan. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 141:65–75

    Google Scholar 

  • Kueppers U, Scheu B, Spieler O, Dingwell DB (2006) Fragmentation efficiency of explosive volcanic eruptions: a study of experimentally generated pyroclasts. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 153((1–2)):125–135

    Google Scholar 

  • Kyser TK, O’Neil JR (1984) Hydrogen isotope systematic of submarine basalts. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 48:2123–2133

    Google Scholar 

  • Lak M, Néraudeau D, Nel A, Cloetens P, Perrichot V, Tafforeau P (2008) Phase contrast X-ray synchrotron imaging: opening access to fossil inclusions in opaque amber. Microsc Microanal 14(3):251–259

    Google Scholar 

  • Landi P, Marchetti E, La Felice S, Ripepe M, Rosi M (2011) Integrated petrochemical and geophysical data reveals thermal distribution of the feeding conduits at Stromboli volcano, Italy. Geophys Res Lett 38, L08305

    Google Scholar 

  • Lanza R, Meloni A (2006) The Earth’s magnetism: an introduction for geologists. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 278 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Larsen JF (2008) Heterogeneous bubble nucleation and disequilibrium H2O exsolution in Vesuvius K-phonolite melts. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 275:278–288

    Google Scholar 

  • Larsen JF, Gardner JE (2000) Experimental constraints on bubble interactions in rhyolite melts: implications for vesicle size distributions. Earth Planet Sci Lett 180:201–214

    Google Scholar 

  • LaRue A, Baker DR, Polacci M, Allard P, Sodini N (2013) Can vesicle size distributions assess eruption intensity during volcanic activity? J Geophys Res Solid Earth 4:373–80. doi:10.5194/se-4-373-2013

    Google Scholar 

  • Laumonier M, Arbaret L, Burgisser A, Champallier R (2011) Porosity redistribution enhanced by strain localization in crystal-rich magmas. Geology 39:715–718. doi:10.1130/G31803.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Launeau P, Cruden AR (1998) Magmatic fabric acquisition mechanisms in a syenite: results of a combined anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility and image analysis study. J Geophys Res 103:5067–5089

    Google Scholar 

  • Launeau P, Bouchez JL, Benn K (1990) Shape preferred orientation of object populations: automatic analysis of digitized images. Tectonophysics 180:201–211

    Google Scholar 

  • Launeau P, Cruden AR, Bouchez JL (1994) Mineral recognition in digital images of rocks: a new approach using multichannel classification. Can Mineral 32:919–933

    Google Scholar 

  • Lautze NC, Houghton BF (2005) Physical mingling of magma and complex eruption dynamics in the shallow conduit at Stromboli volcano, Italy. Geology 33:425–428

    Google Scholar 

  • Lautze NC, Houghton BF (2007) Linking variable explosion style and magma textures during 2002 at Stromboli volcano, Italy. Bull Volcanol 69:445–460

    Google Scholar 

  • Lautze NC, Houghton BF (2008) Single explosions at Stromboli in 2002: use of clast microtextures to map physical diversity across a fragmentation zone. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 170:262–268

    Google Scholar 

  • Lautze N, Taddeucci J, Andronico D, Cannata C, Tornetta L, Scarlato P, Houghton B, Lo Castro D (2012) SEM-based methods for the analysis of basaltic ash from weak explosive activity at Etna in 2006 and the 2007 eruptive crisis at Stromboli. Phys Chem Earth 45–46:113–127. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2011.02.001

    Google Scholar 

  • Lautze N, Taddeucci J, Andronico D, Houghton B, Niemeijer A, Scarlato P (2013) Insights into explosion dynamics and the production of ash at Stromboli from samples collected in real time, October 2009. Geol Soc Am Special paper 498:125–139

  • Lavallée Y, Varley N, Alatorre-Ibargüengoitia MA, Hess KU, Mueller S, Richard D, Scheu B, Spieler O, Dingwell DB (2012) Magmatic architecture of dome-building eruptions at Volcán de Colima, Mexico. Bull Volcanol 74:249–260

    Google Scholar 

  • Le Losq C, Neuville DR, Moretti R, Roux J (2012) Determination of water content in silicate glasses using Raman spectrometry: implications for the study of explosive volcanism. Am Mineral 97:779–790

    Google Scholar 

  • Le Pennec JL, Hermitte D, Isya D, Pezard P, Coulon C, Cochemé J-J, Mulyadi E, Ollagnier F, Revest C (2001) Electrical conductivity and pore-space topology of Merapi lavas: implication for the degassing of porphyritic andesite magmas. Geophys Res Lett 28(22):4283–4286

    Google Scholar 

  • Le Voyer M, Rose-Koga EF, Shimizu N, Grove TL, Schiano P (2010) Two contrasting H2O-rich components in primary melt inclusions from Mount Shasta. J Petrol 5(7):1571–1595. doi:10.1093/petrology/egq030

    Google Scholar 

  • Leduc L, Gurioli L, Harris AJL, Colò L, Rose-Koga E (2015) Dynamics of a gas-dominated strombolian explosion. Bull Volcanol 77:8. doi:10.1007/s00445-014-0888-5

    Google Scholar 

  • Lesne P, Kohn SC, Blundy J, Witham F, Botcharnikov RE, Behrens H (2011) Experimental simulation of closed-system degassing in the system basalt-H2O-CO2-S-Cl. J Petrol 52:1737–1762

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu Y, Anderson AT, Wilson CJN (2007) Melt pockets in phenocrysts and decompression rates of silicic magmas before fragmentation. J Geophys Res 112:B06204. doi:10.1029/2006JB004500

  • Lovejoy S, Gaonac’h H, Schertzer D (2004) Bubble distributions, and dynamics: the expansion-coalescence equation. J Geophys Res 109, B11203. doi:10.1029/2003JB002823

    Google Scholar 

  • Lumbreras F, Serrat J (1996) Segmentation of petrographical images of marbles. Comput Geosci 22:547–558

    Google Scholar 

  • Magee C, O’Driscoll B, Chambers AD (2010) Crystallization and textural evolution of a closed-system magma chamber: insights from a crystal size distribution study of the Lilloise layered intrusion, east Greenland. Geol Mag 147:363–379

    Google Scholar 

  • Manga M (1998) Orientation distribution of microlites in obsidian. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 86:107–115

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan M (1990) Crystal size distribution systematics and the determination of magma storage times: the 1959 eruption of Kilauea volcano, Hawai’i. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 44:295–302

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan MT, Cashman KV (1996) The structure of basaltic scoria and reticulite and inferences for vesiculation, foam formation, and fragmentation in lava fountains. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 73:1–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan M, Sisson T (2000) Delayed, disequilibrium degassing in rhyolite magma: decompression experiments and implications for explosive volcanism. Earth Planet Sci Lett 183:441–55

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan M, Sisson T (2005) Evolution of melt-vapor surface tension in silicic volcanic systems: experiments with hydrous melts. J Geophys Res 110, B01202. doi:10.1029/2004JB003215

    Google Scholar 

  • Mangan MT, Cashman KV, Newman S (1993) Vesiculation of basaltic magma during eruption. Geology 21:157–160

    Google Scholar 

  • Marchetti E, Ripepe M, Harris AJL, Delle Donne D (2009) Tracing the differences between Vulcanian and Strombolian explosions using infrasonic and thermal radiation energy. Earth Planet Sci Lett 279:273–281

    Google Scholar 

  • Marchetti E, Poggi P, Bonadonna C, Pistolesi M, Hoskuldsson A (2013) Towards real-time measurements of tephra fallout grain-size distribution. MeMoVolc Meeting, Geneve Switzerland

    Google Scholar 

  • Maria A, Carey S (2007) Quantitative discrimination of magma fragmentation and pyroclastic transport processes using the fractal spectrum technique. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 161:234–246

    Google Scholar 

  • Maria A, Carey S, Maria A, Carey S (2002) Using fractal analysis to quantitatively characterize the shapes of volcanic particles. J Geophys Res 107(B11):2283. doi:10.1029/2001JB000822

    Google Scholar 

  • Marschallinger R (1998a) A method for three-dimensional reconstruction of macroscopic features in geological materials. Comput Geosci 24:875–883

    Google Scholar 

  • Marschallinger R (1998b) Correction of geometric errors associated with the 3-D reconstruction of geological materials by precision serial lapping. Mineral Mag 62:783–792

    Google Scholar 

  • Marschallinger R (1998c) 3-D reconstruction and volume modelling of the grain fabric of geological materials. Phys Chem Earth 23:267–271

    Google Scholar 

  • Marsh BD (1988) Crystal size distribution (CSD) in rocks and the kinetics and dynamics of crystallization: I. Theory. Contrib Mineral Petrol 99:277–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Marsh BD (1998) On the interpretation of crystal size distributions in magmatic systems. J Petrol 39:553–599

    Google Scholar 

  • Marsh BD (2007) Crystallization of silicate magmas deciphered using crystal size distributions. J Am Ceram Society 90:746–757

    Google Scholar 

  • Marshall JR (1987) Clastic particles: scanning electron microscopy and shape analysis of sedimentary and volcanic clasts. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 346 p

    Google Scholar 

  • Martel C (2012) Eruption Dynamics inferred from microlite crystallization experiments: application to Plinian and dome-forming eruptions of Mt. Pelée (Martinique, Lesser Antilles). J Petrol 53:699–725

    Google Scholar 

  • Martel C, Radadi Ali A, Poussineau S, Gourgaud A, Pichavant M (2006) Basalt-inherited microlites in silicic magmas: evidence from Mt. Pelée (Martinique, F.W.I.). Geology 34:905–908

    Google Scholar 

  • Marti J, Soriano C, Dingwell DB (1999) Tube pumices as strain markers of the ductile-brittle transition during magma fragmentation. Nature 402(6762):650–653

  • Martí J, Castro A, Rodríguez C, Costa F, Carrasquilla S, Pedreira R, Bolos X (2013) Correlation of magma evolution and geophysical monitoring during the 2011–2012 El Hierro (Canary Islands) submarine eruption. J Petrol 54(7):1349–1373. doi:10.1093/petrology/egt014

    Google Scholar 

  • Mattsson HB (2010) Textural variation in juvenile pyroclasts from an emergent, Surteyan-type, volcanic eruption: the Capelas tuff cone, São Miguel (Azores). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 189:81–91

    Google Scholar 

  • McNutt SR (1986) Observations and analysis of B-type earthquakes, explosions, and volcanic tremor at Pavlof Volcano, Alaska. Bull Seismol Soc Am 76:153–175

    Google Scholar 

  • Mele D, Dellino P, Sulpizio R, Braia G (2011) A systematic investigation on the aerodynamics of ash particles. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 203:1–11. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.04.004

    Google Scholar 

  • Melnik O, Sparks RSJ (2002) Dynamics of magma ascent and lava extrusion at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. In: Druitt T, Kokelaar B (eds) The eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 1995 to 1999. The Geological Society of London, United Kingdom, pp 153–171

    Google Scholar 

  • Métrich N, Wallace PJ (2008) Volatile abundances in basaltic magmas and their degassing paths tracked by melt inclusions. In Putirka KD, Tepley FJ (Eds) Minerals, inclusions and volcanic processes. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:363-402

  • Métrich N, Bertagnini A, Landi P, Rosi M (2001) Crystallization driven by decompression and water loss at Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy). J Petrol 42:1471–1490. doi:10.1093/petrology/42.8.1471

    Google Scholar 

  • Métrich N, Bertagnini A, Di Muro A (2010) Conditions of magma storage, degassing and ascent at Stromboli: new insights into the volcano plumbing system with inferences on the eruptive dynamics. J Petrol 51(3):603–626

  • Miwa T, Toramaru A (2013) Conduit process in vulcanian eruptions at Sakurajima volcano, Japan: inference from comparison of volcanic ash with pressure wave and seismic data. Bull Volcanol 75:685

    Google Scholar 

  • Miwa T, Toramaru A, Iguchi M (2009) Correlations of volcanic ash texture with explosion earthquakes from vulcanian eruptions at Sakurajima volcano, Japan. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 184(3–4):473–486

    Google Scholar 

  • Miwa T, Geshi N, Shinohara H (2013) Temporal variation in volcanic ash texture during a vulcanian eruption at the Sakurajima volcano, Japan. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 260:80–89

    Google Scholar 

  • Mock A, Jerram DA (2005) Crystal size distributions (CSD) in three dimensions: insights from the 3D reconstruction of a highly porphyritic rhyolite. J Petrol 46:1525–1541. doi:10.1093/petrology/egi024

    Google Scholar 

  • Mock A, Jerram DA, Breitkreuz C (2003) Using quantitative textural analysis to understand the emplacement of shallow-level rhyolitic laccoliths a case study from the Halle volcanic complex, Germany. J Petrol 44:833–849

    Google Scholar 

  • Moitra P, Gonnermann HM, Houghton BF, Giachetti T (2013) Relating vesicle shapes in pyroclasts to eruption styles. Bull Volcanol 75:691. doi:10.1007/s00445-013-0691-8

    Google Scholar 

  • Morgan DJ, Jerram DA, Chertkoff DG, Davidson JP, Pearson DG, Kronz A, Nowell GM (2007) Combining CSD and isotopic microanalysis: magma supply and mixing processes at Stromboli volcano, Aeolian islands, Italy. Earth Planet Sci Lett 260(3–4):419–431

    Google Scholar 

  • Mori T, Burton M (2006) The SO2 camera: a simple, fast and cheap method for ground-based imaging of SO2 in volcanic plumes. Geophys Res Lett 33:L24804. doi:10.1029/2006GL027916

  • Mori T, Burton M (2009) Quantification of the gas mass emitted during single explosions on Stromboli with the SO2 imaging camera. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 188:395–400. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.10.005

    Google Scholar 

  • Mori J, Patia H, McKee C, Itikarai I, Lowenstein P, De Saint OP, Talai B (1989) Seismicity associated with eruptive activity at Langila volcano, Papua New Guinea. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 38(3–4):243–255

    Google Scholar 

  • Mourtada-Bonnefoi CC, Laporte D (2002) Homogenous bubble nucleation in rhyolitic magmas: an experimental study on the effect of H2O and CO2. J Geophys Res 107:B4. doi:10.1029/2001JB000290

    Google Scholar 

  • Mourtada-Bonnefoi CC, Laporte D (2004) Kinetics of bubble nucleation in a rhyolitic melt: an experimental study of the effect of ascent rate. Earth Planet Sci Lett 218:521–537

    Google Scholar 

  • Mueller S, Melnik O, Spieler O, Scheu B, Dingwell DB (2005) Permeability and degassing of dome lavas undergoing rapid decompression: an experimental determination. Bull Volcanol 67(6):526–538. doi:10.1007/s00445-004-0392-4

    Google Scholar 

  • Mueller S, Scheu B, Spieler O, Dingwell DB (2008) Permeability control on magma fragmentation. Geology 36(5):399–402. doi:10.1130/G24605A.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Mueller S, Scheu B, Kueppers U, Spieker O, Richard D, Dingwell DB (2011) The porosity of pyroclasts as an indicator of volcanic explosivity. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 203:168–174

  • Muir DD, Blundy JD, Rust AC (2012) Multiphase petrography of volcanic rocks using element maps: a method applied to Mount St. Helens, 1980–2005. Bull Volcanol 74:1101–1120

    Google Scholar 

  • Murtagh RM, White JDL (2013) Pyroclast characteristics of a subaqueous to emergent Surtseyan eruption, Black Point volcano, California. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 267:75–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Murtagh RM, White JDL, Sohn YK (2011) Pyroclast textures of the Ilchulbong ‘wet’ tuff cone, Jeju Island, South Korea. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 201:385–396

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakamura K (2006) Textures of plagioclase microlite and vesicles within volcanic products of the 1914–1915 eruptions of Sakurajima Volcano, Kyushu, Japan. J Mineral Petrol Sci 101:178–198

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakamura M, Otaki K, Takeuchi S (2008) Permeability and pore-connectivity variation of pumices from a single pyroclastic flow eruption: implications for partial fragmentation. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 176:302–314

    Google Scholar 

  • Németh K (2010) Volcanic glass textures, shape characteristics and compositions of phreatomagmatic rock units from the Western Hungarian monogenetic volcanic fields and their implications for magma fragmentation. Cent Eur J Geosci 2:399–419

    Google Scholar 

  • Neuberg J, Luckett R, Ripepe M, Braun T (1994) Highlights from a seismic broadband array on Stromboli volcano. Geophys Res Lett 21:749–752

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman S, Lowenstern JB (2002) VolatileCalc: a silicate melt-H2O-CO2 solution model written in visual basic for excel. Comput Geosci 28(5):597–604

    Google Scholar 

  • Newman S, Epstein S, Stolper E (1988) Water, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen isotopes in glasses from the CA. 1340 A.D. eruption of the Mono Craters, California: constraints on degassing phenomena and initial volatile content. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 35:75–96

    Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen CT, Gonnermann HM, Chen Y, Huber C, Maiorano AA, Gouldstone A, Dufek J (2013) Film drainage and the lifetime of bubbles. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 14:3616–3631

    Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen CT, Gonnermann HM, Houghton BF (2014) Explosive to effusive transition during the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century (Novarupta 1912, Alaska). Geology 42(8):703–706. doi:10.1130/G35593.1

  • Nishimura T, McNutt SR (2008) Volcanic tremor during eruptions: temporal characteristics, scaling and estimates of vent radius. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 178:10–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Noguchi S, Toramaru A, Shimano T (2006) Crystallization of microlites and degassing during magma ascent: constraints on the fluid mechanical behavior of magma during the Tenjo Eruption on Kozu Island, Japan. Bull Volcanol 68:432–449. doi:10.1007/s00445-005-0019-4

    Google Scholar 

  • Noguchi S, Toramaru A, Nakada S (2008) Relation between microlite textures and discharge rate during the 1991–1995 eruptions at Unzen, Japan. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 175(1–2):141–155

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Driscoll B, Donaldson CH, Troll VR, Jerram DA, Emeleus CH (2007) An origin for harrisitic and granular olivine in the rum layered suite, NW Scotland: a crystal size distribution study. J Petrol 48(2):253–270

    Google Scholar 

  • Okumura S, Nakamura M, Tsuchiyama A (2006) Shear-induced bubble coalescence in rhyolitic melts with low vesicularity. Geophys Res Lett 33, L20316. doi:10.1029/2006GL027347

    Google Scholar 

  • Okumura S, Nakamura M, Tsuchiyama A, Nakano T, Uesugi K (2008) Evolution of bubble microstructure in sheared rhyolite: formation of a channel-like bubble network. J Geophys Res 113:B07208. doi:10.1029/2007JB005362

    Google Scholar 

  • Okumura S, Nakamura M, Uesugi K, Nakano T, Fujioka T (2013) Coupled effect of magma degassing and rheology on silicic volcanism. Earth Planet Sci Lett 362:163–170

    Google Scholar 

  • Oppenheimer C, Scaillet B, Martin RS (2011) Sulfur degassing from volcanoes: source conditions, surveillance, plume chemistry and impacts. Rev Mineral Geochem 73:363–421. doi:10.2138/rmg.2011.73.13

    Google Scholar 

  • Palladino DM, Taddeucci J (1998) The basal ash deposit of the Sovana Eruption (Vulsini Volcanoes, central Italy): the product of a dilute pyroclastic density current. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 87:233–254

    Google Scholar 

  • Pamukcu AS, Gualda GAR (2010) Quantitative 3D petrography using X-ray tomography 2: combining information at various resolutions. Geosphere 6:775–781. doi:10.1130/GES00565.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Pamukcu AS, Gualda GAR, Anderson AT (2012) Crystallization stages of the Bishop Tuff magma body recorded in crystal textures in pumice clasts. J Petrol 63:589–609

    Google Scholar 

  • Pardo N et al (2014a) Perils in distinguishing phreatic from phreatomagmatic ash; insights into the eruption mechanisms of the 6 August 2012 Mt. Tongariro eruption, New Zealand. J Volcanol Geotherm Res. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.05.001

    Google Scholar 

  • Pardo N, Cronin SJ, Wright HMN, Schipper IC, Smith I, Stewart B (2014b) Pyroclast textural variation as an indicator of eruption column steadiness in andesitic Plinian eruptions at Mt. Ruapehu. Bull Volcanol 76:822

    Google Scholar 

  • Patrick MR (2007) Dynamics of Strombolian ash plumes from thermal video: motion, morphology, and air entrainment. J Geophys Res 112, B06202. doi:10.1029/2006JB004387

    Google Scholar 

  • Perugini D, Poli G, Properini N (2002) Morphometric analysis of magmatic enclaves: a tool for understanding magma vesiculation and ascent. Lithos 61:225–235

    Google Scholar 

  • Perugini D, Valentini L, Poli G (2007) Insights into magma chamber processes from the analysis of size distribution of enclaves in lava flows: a case study from Vulcano Island (Southern Italy). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 166:193–203

    Google Scholar 

  • Perugini D, Speziali A, Caricchi L, Kueppers U (2011) Application of fractal fragmentation theory to natural pyroclastic deposits: insights into volcanic explosivity of the Valentano scoria cone (Italy). J Volcanol Geotherm Res 202(3-4):200–210

    Google Scholar 

  • Pfeiffer T, Costa A, Macedonio G (2005) A model for the numerical simulation of tephra fall deposits. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 140:273–294

    Google Scholar 

  • Pichavant M, Martel C, Bourdier JL, Scaillet B (2002) Physical conditions, structure, and dynamics of a zoned magma chamber: Mount Pelée (Martinique, Lesser Antilles Arc). J Geophys Res 107(B5):2093. doi:10.1029/2001JB000315

  • Pichavant M, Costa F, Burgisser A et al (2007) Equilibration scales in silicic to intermediate magmas: implications for experimental studies. J Petrol 48:1955–1972. doi:10.1093/petrology/egm045

    Google Scholar 

  • Pichavant M, Carlo I, Rotolo SG et al (2013) Generation of CO2-rich melts during basalt magma ascent and degassing. Contrib Mineral Petrol. doi:10.1007/s00410-013-0890-5

    Google Scholar 

  • Pickering G, Bull JM, Sanderson DJ (1995) Sampling power-law distributions. Tectonophysics 248:1–20. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(95)00030-Q

    Google Scholar 

  • Piochi M, Mastrolorenzo G, Pappalardo L (2005) Magma ascent and eruptive processes from textural and compositional features of Monte Nuovo pyroclastic products, Campi Flegrei, Italy. Bull Volcanol 67:663–678

    Google Scholar 

  • Piochi M, Polacci M, De Astis G, Zanetti A, Mangiacapra A, Vannucci R, Giordano D (2008) Texture and composition from pumices and scoriae of the Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy): implications on the dynamics of explosive eruptions. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 9, Q03013. doi:10.1029/2007GC001746

    Google Scholar 

  • Pioli L, Erlund E, Johnson E, Cashman K, Wallace P, Rosi M, Delgado Granados H (2008) Explosive dynamics of violent strombolian eruptions: the eruption of Parícutin volcano 1943–1952 (Mexico). Earth Planet Sci Lett 271:359–368

    Google Scholar 

  • Pioli L, Pistolesi M, Rosi M (2014) Transient explosions at open-vent volcanoes: the case of Stromboli (Italy). Geology 42:863–866

    Google Scholar 

  • Pistolesi M, Rosi M, Pioli L, Renzulli A, Bertagnini A, Andronico D (2008) The paroxysmal explosion and its deposits. In: Calvari S et al (eds) The Stromboli Volcano: an integrated study of the 2002–2003 Eruption, Geophys. Monogr. Ser. vol. 182. AGU, Washington, pp 317–329. doi:10.1029/182GM26

    Google Scholar 

  • Pistolesi M, Delle Donne D, Pioli L, Rosi M, Ripepe M (2011) The 15 March 2007 explosive crisis at Stromboli volcano, Italy: assessing physical parameters through a multidisciplinary approach. J Geophys Res 116(B12). doi: 958 10.1029/2011JB008527

  • Platz T, Cronin SJ, Cashman KV, Stewart RB, Smith IEM (2007) Transition from effusive to explosive phases in andesite eruptions—a case-study from the AD1655 eruption of Mt. Taranaki, New Zealand. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 161:15–34

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Papale P, Rosi M (2001) Textural heterogeneities in pumices from the climatic eruption of Mount Pinatubo, 15 June 1991, and implications for magma ascent dynamics. Bull Volcanol 63:83–97

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Pioli L, Rosi M (2003) The Plinian phase of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption (Phlegrean Fields, Italy): evidence from density measurements and textural characterization of pumice. Bull Volcanol 65:418–432

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Corsaro R, Andronico D (2006a) Coupled textural and compositional characterization of basaltic scoria: insights into the transition from Strombolian to fire fountain activity at Mount Etna, Italy. Geology 34(3):201–204. doi:10.1130/G223181.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Baker DR, Mancini L, Tromba G, Zanini F (2006b) Three-dimensional investigation of volcanic textures by X-ray microtomography and implications for conduit processes. Geophys Res Lett 33(13), L13312. doi:10.1029/2006GL026241

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Baker DR, Bai L, Mancini L (2008) Large vesicles record pathways of degassing at basaltic volcanoes. Bull Volcanol 70:1023–1029. doi:10.1007/s00445-007-0184-8

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Baker DR, Mancini L, Favretto S, Hill RJ (2009a) Vesiculation in magmas from Stromboli and implications for normal Strombolian activity and paroxysmal explosions in basaltic systems. J Geophys Res 114:B01206. doi:10.1029/2008JB005672

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Burton MR, La Spina A, Murè F, Favretto S, Zanini F (2009b) The role of syn-eruptive vesiculation on explosive basaltic activity at Mt. Etna, Italy. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 179:265–269

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Mancini L, Baker DR (2010) The contribution of synchrotron X-ray computed microtomography to understanding volcanic processes. J Synchrotron Radiat 17:215–221

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Baker DR, La Rue A, Mancini L (2012) Degassing behaviour of vesiculated basaltic magmas: an example from Ambrym volcano, Vanuatu Arc, and comparison to Stromboli, Aeolian Islands, Italy. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 233–234:55–64. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.04.019

    Google Scholar 

  • Polacci M, Bouvet de Maisonneuve C, Giordano D, Piochi M, Mancini L, Degruyter W, Bachmanng O (2014) Permeability measurements of Campi Flegrei pyroclastic products: an example from the Campanian Ignimbrite and Monte Nuovo eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 272:16–22

    Google Scholar 

  • Prata AJ (1989) Infrared radiative transfer calculations for volcanic ash clouds. Geophys Res Lett 15(11):1293–1296

    Google Scholar 

  • Prata AJ, Bernardo C (2009) Retrieval of volcanic ash particle size, mass and optical depth from a ground-based thermal infrared camera. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 186:91–107

    Google Scholar 

  • Prejean SG, Brodsky EE (2011) Volcanic plume height measured by seismic waves based on a mechanical model. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 116(B1):B01306. doi:10.1029/2010JB007620

  • Prior DJ (1999) Problems in determining the orientations of crystal misorientation axes, for small angular misorientations, using electron backscatter diffraction in the SEM. J Microsc 195:217–225

    Google Scholar 

  • Prior DJ, Boyle AP, Brenker F, Cheadle MC, Day A, Lopez G, Peruzzo L, Potts GJ, Reddy S, Spiess R, Timms NE, Trimby P, Wheeler J, Zetterström L (1999) The application of electron backscatter diffraction and orientation contrast imaging in the SEM to textural problems in rocks. Am Mineral 84:1741–1759

    Google Scholar 

  • Prodi F, Caracciolo D, Adderio LP, Gnuffi M, Lanzinger E (2011) Comparative investigation of Pludix disdrometer capability as Present Weather Sensor (PWS) during the Wasserkuppe campaign. Atmos Res 99(1):162–173

    Google Scholar 

  • Proussevitch AA, Sahagian DL, Tsentalovich EP (2007a) Statistical analysis of bubble and crystal size distributions: formulations and procedures. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 164:95–111

    Google Scholar 

  • Proussevitch AA, Sahagian DL, Carlson W (2007b) Statistical analysis of bubble and crystal size distributions: application to Colorado Plateau basalts. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 164:112–126

    Google Scholar 

  • Proussevitch AA, Mulukutla GK, Sahagian DL (2011) A new 3D method of measuring bubble size distributions from vesicle fragments preserved on surfaces of volcanic ash particles. Geosphere 7:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  • Pyle M (1989) The thickness, volume and grainsize of tephra fall deposits. Bull Volcanol 51:1–15

    Google Scholar 

  • Pyle DM, Mather TA (2009) Halogens in igneous processes and their fluxes to the atmosphere and oceans from volcanic activity: a review. Chem Geol 263(1-4):110–121. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.11.013

    Google Scholar 

  • Riley CM, Rose WI, Bluth GJS (2003) Quantitative shape measurements of distal volcanic ash. J Geophys Res 108:B10. doi:10.1029/2001JB000818

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Braun T (1994) Air-wave phases in strombolian explosion-quake seismograms: a possible indicator for the magma level? Acta Vulcanol 5:201–206

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Marchetti E (2002) Array tracking of infrasonic sources at Stromboli volcano. Geophys Res Lett 29(22):2076

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Rossi M, Saccorotti G (1993) Image processing of explosive activity at Stromboli. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 54:335–351

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Poggi P, Braun T, Gordeev E (1996) Infrasonic waves and volcanic tremor at Stromboli. Geophys Res Lett 23:181–184

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Ciliberto S, Della Schiava M (2001) Time constraints for modeling source dynamics of volcanic explosions at Stromboli. J Geophys Res 106(B5):8713–8727

    Google Scholar 

  • Ripepe M, Harris AJL, Carniel R (2002) Thermal, seismic and infrasonic evidences of variable degassing rates at Stromboli volcano. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 118:285–297

    Google Scholar 

  • Rix M, Valks P, Hao N, Loyola D, Schlager H, Huntrieser H, Flemming J, Koehler U, Schumann U, Inness A (2012) Volcanic SO2, BrO and plume height estimations using GOME-2 satellite measurements during the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in May 2010. J Geophys Res 117:D00U19. doi:10.1029/2011JD016718

    Google Scholar 

  • Robock A, Matson M (1982) Circumglobal transport of the El Chichon volcanic dust cloud. Science 221:195–197

    Google Scholar 

  • Roggensack K, Hervig RL, McKnight SB, Williams SN (1997) Explosive basaltic volcanism from Cerro Negro volcano: influence of volatiles on eruptive style. Science 277:1639–1642

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose WI, Self S, Murrow PJ, Bonadonna C, Durant AJ, Ernst GGJ (2008) Nature and significance of small volume fall deposits at composite volcanoes: insights from the October 14, 1974 Fuego eruption, Guatemala. Bull Volcanol 70(9):1043–1067

    Google Scholar 

  • Rose-Koga EF, Koga K, Schiano P, Le Voyer M (2012) Mantle source heterogeneity for South Tyrrhenian magmas revealed by Pb isotopes and halogen contents of olivine-hosted melt inclusions. Chem Geol 334:266–279

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosi M, Bertagnini A, Harris AJL, Pioli L, Pistolesi M, Ripepe M (2006) A case history of paroxysmal explosion at Stromboli: timing and dynamics of the April 5, 2003 event. Earth Planet Sci Lett 243:594–606

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosseel JB, White JDL, Houghton BF (2006) Complex bombs of phreatomagmatic eruptions: role of agglomeration and welding in vents of the 1886 Rotomahana eruption, Tarawera, New Zealand. J Geophys Res 111, B12205. doi:10.1029/2005JB004073

    Google Scholar 

  • Rotella MD, Wilson CJN, Barker SJ, Wright IC (2013) Novel origins of highly vesicular pumice in a distinctive non-explosive submarine eruptive style. Nat Geosci 6:129–132

    Google Scholar 

  • Rotella MD, Wilson CJN, Barker SJ, Cashman KV, Houghton BF, Wright IC (2014) Bubble development in explosive silicic eruptions: insights from pyroclast vesicularity textures from Raoul volcano (Kermadec arc). Bull Volcanol 76:826

  • Rust AC, Cashman KV (2004) Permeability of vesicular silicic magma: inertial and hysteresis effects. Earth Planet Sci Lett 228:93–107. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2004.09.025

    Google Scholar 

  • Rust AC, Cashman KV (2007) Multiple origins of pyroclastic obsidian and implications for changes in the dynamics of the 1300 BP eruption of Newberry Volcano, OR. Bull Volcanol 69:825–845

    Google Scholar 

  • Rust AC, Cashman KV (2011) Permeability controls on expansion and size distributions of pyroclasts. J Geophys Res 116, B11202

    Google Scholar 

  • Rust AC, Manga M, Cashman KV (2003) Determining flow type, shear rate and shear stress in magmas from bubble shapes and orientations. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 122:111–132

    Google Scholar 

  • Ruth D, Calder E (2014) Plate tephra: preserved bubble walls from large slug bursts during violent Strombolian eruptions. Geology 42(1):11–14. doi:10.1130/G34859.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Rutherford MJ, Devine JD (2003) Magmatic conditions and magma ascent as indicated by hornblende phase equilibria and reactions in the 1995-2002 Soufrière Hills magma. J Petrol 44:1433–1454

    Google Scholar 

  • Rutherford MJ, Hill PM (1993) Magma ascent rates from amphibole breakdown: an experimental study applied to the 1980–1986 Mount St. Helens eruptions. J Geophys Res 98:19667–19685

    Google Scholar 

  • Rutherford MJ, Sigurdsson H, Carey S, Davis A (1985) The May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, 1. Melt compositions and experimental phase equilibria. J Geophys Res 90:2929–2947

    Google Scholar 

  • Saar MO, Manga M (1999) Permeability-porosity relationship in vesicular basalts. Geophys Res Lett 26(1):111–114

    Google Scholar 

  • Sable JE, Houghton BF, Del Carlo P, Coltelli M (2006) Changing conditions of magma ascent and fragmentation during the Etna 122 BC basaltic Plinian eruption: evidence from clast microtextures. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 158:333–354

    Google Scholar 

  • Sable JE, Houghton BF, Wilson CJN, Carey RJ (2009) Eruption mechanisms during the climax of the Tarawera 1886 basaltic Plinian eruption inferred from microtextural characteristics of the deposits. In: Studies in volcanology: the legacy of George Walker, Spec. Publ. IAVCEI, vol. 2. Geol. Soc, London, pp 129–154

    Google Scholar 

  • Sahagian DL, Proussevitch AA (1998) 3D particle size distributions from 2D observations: stereology for natural applications. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 84:173–196

    Google Scholar 

  • Sahetapy-Engel ST, Harris AJL (2009) Thermal-image-derived dynamics of vertical ash plumes at Santiaguito volcano, Guatemala. Bull Volcanol 71:827–830. doi:10.1007/s00445-009-0284-8

    Google Scholar 

  • Salisbury MJ, Bohrson WA, Clynne MA, Ramos FC, Hoskin P (2008) Multiple plagioclase crystal populations identified by crystal size distribution and in situ chemical data: implications for timescales of magma chamber processes associated with the 1915 eruption of Lassen Peak, CA. J Petrol 49:1755–1780

    Google Scholar 

  • Saunders K, Blundy J, Dohmen R, Cashman (2012) Linking petrology and seismology at an active volcano. Science 336(6084):1023–1027. doi:10.1126/science.1220066

    Google Scholar 

  • Scaillet B, Evans BW (1999) The 15 June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo. I. Phase equilibria and pre-eruption P-T-fO2-fH2O conditions of the dacite magma. J Petrol 40(3):381–411

    Google Scholar 

  • Schiavi F, Kobayashi K, Moriguti T et al (2010) Degassing, crystallization and eruption dynamics at Stromboli: trace element and lithium isotopic evidence from 2003 ashes. Contrib Mineral Petrol 159:541–561

    Google Scholar 

  • Schiavi F, Kobayashi K, Nakamura E et al (2012) Trace element and Pb–B–Li isotope systematics of olivine-hosted melt inclusions: insights into source metasomatism beneath Stromboli (Southern Italy). Contrib Mineral Petrol 163:1011–1031

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, White JDL, Houghton BF (2010a) Syn- and post-fragmentation textures in submarine pyroclasts from Loihi Seamount, Hawaii. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 191:93–106. doi:10.1016/j/jvolgeores.2010.01.002

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, White JDL, Houghton BF, Shimizu N, Stewart RB (2010b) Explosive submarine eruptions driven by volatile-coupled degassing at Lo`ihi Seamount, Hawai’i. Earth Planet Sci Lett 295(3-4):497–510

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, White JDL, Houghton BF, Shimizu N, Stewart RB (2010c) “Poseidic” explosive eruptions at Loihi Seamount, Hawaii. Geology 38(4):291–294

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, White JDL, Houghton BF (2011) Textural, geochemical, and volatile evidence for a Strombolian-like eruption sequence at Lō`ihi Seamount, Hawai`i. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 207:16–32

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, White JDL, Nichols ARL, Burgisser A, Hellebrand E, Murtagh RM (2012) Incipient melt segregation as preserved in subaqueous pyroclasts. Geology 40(4):355–358

    Google Scholar 

  • Schipper CI, Castro JM, Tuffen H, James MR, How P (2013) Shallow vent architecture during hybrid explosive-effusive activity at Cordón Caulle (Chile, 2011-12): evidence from direct observations and pyroclast textures. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 262:25–37

    Google Scholar 

  • Sciotto M, Cannata A, Di Grazia G, Gresta S, Privitera E, Spina L (2011) Seismoacoustic investigations of paroxysmal activity at Mt. Etna volcano: new insights into the 16 November 2006 eruption. J Geophys Res 116:B09301. doi:10.1029/2010JB008138

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Larsen JF, Gurioli L, Hammer JE, Houghton BF, Cioni R (2009) Leucite crystals: surviving witnesses of magmatic processes preceding the 79 AD eruption at Vesuvius, Italy. Earth Planet Sci Lett 281:88–98

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Houghton BF, Gurioli L, Cashman KV, Hammer JE, Hobden B (2010a) Textural studies of vesicles in volcanic rocks: an integrated methodology. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 190:271–289

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Gurioli L, Larsen JF, Houghton BF, Hammer JE, Cashman KV (2010b) Linking experimental and natural vesicle textures in Vesuvius 79 AD white pumice. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 192:69–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Gurioli L, Houghton BF, Cashman KV, Cioni R (2011) Column collapse and generation of pyroclastic density currents during the A.D. 79 eruption of Vesuvius: the role of pyroclast density. Geology 39:695–698

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Gurioli L, Houghton BF (2012) Transitions between fall phases and pyroclastic density currents during the AD 79 eruption at Vesuvius: building a transient conduit model from the textural and volatile record. Bull Volcanol 74:2363–2381. doi:10.1007/s00445-012-0668-z

    Google Scholar 

  • Shea T, Hellebrand E, Gurioli L, Hugh T (2014) Conduit- to localized-scale degassing during Plinian eruptions: insights from major element and volatile (Cl and H2O) analysis within Vesuvius AD79 pumice. J Petrol. doi:10.1093/petrology/egt069

    Google Scholar 

  • Sheridan MF, Marshall JR (1983) Interpretation of pyroclast surface features using SEM images. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 16:153–159

    Google Scholar 

  • Sheridan MF, Marshall JR (1987) Comparative charts for quantitative analysis of grain-textural elements on pyroclasts, in Clastic particles: scanning electron microscopy and shape analysis of sedimentary and volcanic particles, edited by J. R. Marshall. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Shimano T, Nakada S (2006) Vesiculation path of ascending magma in the 1983 and the 2000 eruptions of Miyakejima volcano, Japan. Bull Volcanol 68:549–566. doi:10.1007/s00445-005-0029-2

    Google Scholar 

  • Shimano T, Nishimura T, Chiga N, Shibasaki Y, Iguchi M, Miki D, Yokoo A (2013) Development of an automatic volcanic ash sampling apparatus for active volcanoes. Bull Volcanol 75:73. doi:10.1007/s00445-013-0773-7

    Google Scholar 

  • Shin H, Lindquist WB, Sahagian DL, Song S-R (2005) Analysis of the vesicular structure of basalts. Comput Geosci 31(4):473–487. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2004.10.013

    Google Scholar 

  • Simakin AG, Bindeman IN (2008) Evolution of crystal sizes in the series of dissolution and precipitation events in open magma systems. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 17:997–1010

    Google Scholar 

  • Simkin T, Howard KA (1970) Caldera collapse in the Galápagos Islands, 1968 The largest known collapse since 1912 followed a flank eruption and explosive volcanism within the caldera. Science 169(3944):429–437

    Google Scholar 

  • Sonder I, Graettinger A, Valentine G (2013) Large-scale blast experiments examine subsurface explosions. EOS Trans AGU 94(39):337–338. doi:10.1002/2013EO390002

    Google Scholar 

  • Song SR, Jones KW, Lindquist WB, Dowd BA, Sahagian DL (2001) Synchrotron X-ray computed microtomography: studies on vesiculated basaltic rocks. Bull Volcanol 63(4):252–263. doi:10.1007/s004450100141

    Google Scholar 

  • Sottili G, Taddeucci J, Palladino DM, Gaeta M, Scarlato P, Ventura G (2009) Subsurface dynamics and eruptive styles of maars in the Colli Albani Volcanic District, Central Italy. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 180:189–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Sottili G, Taddeucci J, Palladino DM (2010) Constraints on magma–wall rock thermal interaction during explosive eruptions from textural analysis of cored bombs. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 192:27–34

    Google Scholar 

  • Sparks RSJ (1978) The dynamics of bubble formation and growth in magmas. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 3:37. doi:10.1016/0377-0273(78)90002-1

    Google Scholar 

  • Sparks RSJ, Brazier S (1982) New evidence for degassing processes during explosive eruptions. Nature 295:218–220

    Google Scholar 

  • Sparks RSJ, Burski MI, Carey SN, Gilbert JS, Glaze LS, Sigurdsson H, Woods AW (1997) Volcanic plume. Wiley, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Spillar V, Dolejs D (2013) Calculation of time-dependent nucleation and growth rates from quantitative textural data: inversion of crystal size distribution. J Petrol. doi:10.1093/petrology/egs091

    Google Scholar 

  • Stovall WK, Houghton BF, Gonnermann HM, Fagents SA, Swanson DA (2011) Eruption dynamics of Hawaiian-style fountains: the case study of episode 1 of the Kīlauea Iki 1959 eruption. Bull Volcanol 73:511–529. doi:10.1007/s00445-010-0426-z

    Google Scholar 

  • Stovall WK, Houghton BF, Hammer JE, Fagents SA, Swanson DA (2012) Vesiculation of high fountaining Hawaiian eruptions: episodes 15 and 16 of 1959 Kīlauea Iki. Bull Volcanol 74:441–455. doi:10.1007/s00445-011-0531-7

    Google Scholar 

  • Streck MJ (2008) Mineral textures and zoning as evidence for open system processes. In: Putirka KD, Tepley FJ (Eds) Minerals, inclusions and volcanic processes. Rev Mineral Geochem 69:595-622

  • Suzuki Y, Nakada S (2001) Timing of vesiculation and crystallization during magma ascent -Example of the phreatomagmatic phase in Usu 2000 eruption. Bull Earthq Res Inst 76:253–268

    Google Scholar 

  • Suzuki Y, Nakada S (2002) Vesiculation and magma ascent process in the Usu 2000 eruption, inferred from texture and size distribution of bubbles. Bull Volcanol Soc Jpn 47:675–688

    Google Scholar 

  • Swanson DA, Wooten K, Orr T (2009) Buckets of ash track tephra flux from Halema‘uma‘u crater, Hawai’i. Eos Trans AGU 90:427–428. doi:10.1029/2009EO460003

    Google Scholar 

  • Szramek L, Gardner JE, Larsen J (2006) Degassing and microlite crystallization of basaltic andesite magma erupting at Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 157:182–201

    Google Scholar 

  • Taddeucci J, Pompilio M, Scarlato P (2002) Monitoring the explosive activity of the July–August 2001 eruption of Mt. Etna (Italy) by ash characterization. Geophys Res Lett 29(8):1029–1032. doi:10.1029/2001GL014372

    Google Scholar 

  • Taddeucci J, Pompilio M, Scarlato P (2004) Conduit processes during the July–August 2001 explosive activity of Mt. Etna (Italy): inferences from glass chemistry and crystal size distribution of ash particles. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 137:33–54

    Google Scholar 

  • Taddeucci J, Scarlato P, Capponi A, Del Bello E, Cimarelli C, Palladino D, Kueppers U (2012) High-speed imaging of Strombolian explosions: the ejection velocity of pyroclasts. Geophys Res Lett 39(2):L02301. doi:10.1029/2011GL050404

  • Takeuchi S, Nakashima S (2005) A new simple gas permeameter for permeability measurement of small samples of volcanic eruptive material and experimental run products (in Japanese with English abstract). Bull Volcanol Soc Jpn 50:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  • Takeuchi S, Nakashima S, Akihiko Tomiya A (2008) Permeability measurements of natural and experimental volcanic materials with a simple permeameter: toward an understanding of magmatic degassing processes. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 177:329–339. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.05.010

    Google Scholar 

  • Tarquini S, Favalli M (2010) A microscopic information system (MIS) for petrographic analysis. Comput Geosci 36:665–674

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas N, Jaupart C, Vergniolle S (1994) On the vesicularity of pumice. J Geophys Res 99:15633–15644

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas HE, Watson IM, Carn SA, Alfredo AJ, Prata F, Realmuto VJ (2011) A comparison of AIRS, MODIS and OMI sulphur dioxide retrievals in volcanic clouds. Geomat Nat Hazard Risk 2(3):217–232

    Google Scholar 

  • Thordarson T, Self S, Larsen G, Rowland SK, Hoskuldsson A (2009) Studies in volcanology: the legacy of George Walker. GSL Special Publication of IAVCEI 2, p 416

  • Toramaru A (1989) Vesiculation process and bubble size distribution in ascending magmas with constant velocities. J Geophys Res 94(1):523–17,542. doi:10.1029/JB094iB12p17523

    Google Scholar 

  • Toramaru A (1990) Measurement of bubble size distributions in vesiculated rocks with implications for quantitative estimates of eruption processes. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 43:71–90

    Google Scholar 

  • Toramaru A (2006) BND (bubble number density) decompression rate meter for explosive volcanic eruptions. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 154:303–316

    Google Scholar 

  • Toramaru A, Noguchi S, Oyoshihara S, Tsune A (2008) MND (microlite number density) water exsolution rate meter. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 175(1–2):156–167

    Google Scholar 

  • Tsukui M, Suzuki Y (1995) Vesiculation of basaltic magma: magmatic versus phreatomagmatic eruption in 1983 eruption of Miyakejima. Bull Volcanol Soc Jpn 40:395–399

    Google Scholar 

  • Valade S, Donnadieu F (2011) Ballistics and ash plumes discriminated by Doppler radar. Geophys Res Lett 38, L22301. doi:10.1029/2011GL049415

    Google Scholar 

  • Valade SA, Harris AJL, Cerminara M (2014) Plume ascent tracker: interactive matlab software for analysis of ascending plumes in image data. Comput Geosci 66:132–144. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2013.12.015

    Google Scholar 

  • Villemant B, Boudon G (1998) Transition between dome-forming and plinian eruptive styles: H20 and CL degassing behaviour. Nature 392:65–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Vinkler AP, Cashman K, Giordano G, Groppelli G (2012) Evolution of the mafic Villa Senni caldera-forming eruption at Colli Albani volcano, Italy, indicated by textural analysis of juvenile fragments. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 235–236:37–54

    Google Scholar 

  • Vlastélic I, Staudacher T, Bachèlery P, Télouk P, Neuville D, Benbakkar M (2011) lithium isotope fractionation during magma degassing: constraints from silicic differentiates and natural gas condensates from Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Réunion Island). Chem Geol 284:26–34

    Google Scholar 

  • Vöge M, Hort M, Seyfried R (2005) Monitoring volcano eruptions and lava domes with Doppler radar. EOS Trans AGU 86:537–541

    Google Scholar 

  • Voltolini M, Zandomeneghi D, Mancini L, Polacci M (2011) Texture analysis of volcanic rock samples: quantitative study of crystals and vesicles shape preferred orientation from X-ray microtomography data. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 202:83–95

    Google Scholar 

  • Walker JC, Carboni E, Dudhia A, Grainger RG (2012) Improved detection of sulphur dioxide in volcanic plumes using satellite-based hyperspectral infrared measurements: application to the Eyjafjallajökull 2010 eruption. J Geophys Res 117:D00U16. doi:10.1029/2011JD016810

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallace PJ (2001) Volcanic SO2 emissions and the abundance and distribution of exsolved gas in magma bodies. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 108:85–106

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallace PJ (2005) Volatiles in subduction zone magmas: concentrations and fluxes based on melt inclusion and volcanic gas data. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 140:217–240

    Google Scholar 

  • Watson IM, Realmuto VJ, Rose WI, Prata AJ, Bluth GJS, Gu Y, Bader CE, Yu T (2004) Thermal infrared remote sensing of volcanic emissions using the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 135:75–89

    Google Scholar 

  • Wen S, Rose WI (1994) Retrieval of sizes and total masses of particles in volcanic clouds using AVHRR bands 4 and 5. J Geophys Res-Atmos 99(D3):5421–5431

    Google Scholar 

  • White JDL, Houghton BF (2006) Primary volcaniclastic rocks. Geology 34:677–680. doi:10.1130/G22346.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Whitham AG, Sparks RSJ (1986) Pumice. Bull Volcanol 48:209–223

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilhelm S, Worner G (1996) Crystal size distribution in Jurassic Ferrar flows and sills (Victoria Land, Antarctica): evidence for processes of cooling, nucleation, and crystallisation. Contrib Mineral Petrol 125:1–15

    Google Scholar 

  • Williams-Jones G, Stix J, Hickson C (2008) The COSPEC cookbook. IAVCEI: methods in volcanology I: 233 p

  • Wilson L, Huang TC (1979) The influence of shape on the atmospheric settling velocity of volcanic ash particles. Earth Planet Sci Lett 44:311–324

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson L, Self S (1980) Volcanic explosion clouds: density, temperature and particle content estimates from cloud motion. J Geophys Res 85:2567–2572

    Google Scholar 

  • Wohletz K (1983) Mechanisms of hydrovolcanic pyroclast formation: grain-size, scanning electron microscopy, and experimental studies. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 17:31–63

    Google Scholar 

  • Wohletz K (1986) Explosive magma–water interactions: thermodynamics, explosion mechanisms, and field studies. Bull Volcanol 48:245–264

    Google Scholar 

  • Wohletz K (1987) Chemical and textural surface features of pyroclasts from hydrovolcanic eruption sequences. In: Marsall JR (ed) Clastic particles. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York, pp 79–97

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Cashman KV (2014) Compaction and gas loss in welded pyroclastic deposits as revealed by porosity, permeability, and electrical conductivity measurements of the Shevlin Park Tuff. GSA Bull 126(1/2):234–247. doi:10.1130/B30668.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Weinberg R (2009) Strain localization in vesicular magma: implications for rheology and fragmentation. Geology 37:1023–1026. doi:10.1130/G30199A.1

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Roberts JJ, Cashman KV (2006) Permeability of anisotropic tube pumice: model calculations and measurements. Geophys Res Lett 33:L17316. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.01.023

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Cashman KV, Rosi M, Cioni R (2007) Breadcrust bombs as indicators of Vulcanian eruption dynamics at Guagua Pichincha volcano. Ecuador. Bull Volcanol 69:281–300

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Cashman KV, Gottesfeld EH, Roberts JJ (2009) Pore structure of volcanic clasts: measurements of permeability and electrical conductivity. Earth Planet Sci Lett 280:93–104. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.01.023

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Folkes CB, Cas RAF, Cashman KV (2011) Heterogeneous pumice populations in the 2.08-Ma Cerro Galán Ignimbrite: implications for magma recharge and ascent preceding a large-volume silicic eruption. Bull Volcanol 73:1513–1533

    Google Scholar 

  • Wright HMN, Cashman KV, Mothes PA, Hall ML, Ruiz AG, Le Pennec J-L (2012) Estimating rates of decompression from textures of erupted ash particles produced by 1999-2006 eruptions of Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuador. Geology 40:619–622. doi:10.1130/G32948

    Google Scholar 

  • Yamada K, Emori H, Nakazawa K (2008) Time-evolution of bubble formation in a viscous liquid. Earth Planets Space 60:1–19

    Google Scholar 

  • Yang K, Krotkov NA, Krueger AJ, Carn SA, Bhartia PK, Levelt PF (2007) Retrieval of large volcanic SO2 columns from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI): comparison and limitations. J Geophys Res 112:D24S43. doi:10.1029/2007JD008825

    Google Scholar 

  • Yokoyama T, Takeuchi S (2009) Porosimetry of vesicular volcanic products by a water-expulsion method and the relationship of pore characteristics to permeability. J Geophys Res 114:B02201. doi:10.1029/2008JB005758

    Google Scholar 

  • Yoshimoto M, Shimano T, Nakada S, Koyama E, Tsuji H, Iida A, Kurokawa M, Okayama Y, Nonaka M, Kaneko T, Hoshizumi H, Ishizuka Y, Furukawa R, Nogami K, Onizawa S, Niihori K, Sugimoto T, Nagai M (2005) Mass estimation and characteristics of ejecta from the 2004 eruption of Asama volcano. Bull Volcanol Soc Jpn 50:519–533 (In Japanese with English abstract)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zakšek K, Hort M, Zaletelj J, Langmann B (2013) Monitoring volcanic ash cloud top height through simultaneous retrieval of optical data from polar orbiting and geostationary satellites. Atmos Chem Phys 13(5):2589–2606

    Google Scholar 

  • Zandomeneghi D, Voltolini M, Mancini L, Brun F, Dreossi D, Polacci M (2010) Quantitative analysis of X-ray microtomography images of geomaterials: application to volcanic rocks. Geosphere, special issue. Advances in 3D imaging and analysis of geomaterials 6:793–804. doi:10.1130/GES00561.1

  • Zimanowski B, Wohletz K, Dellino P, Buttner R (2003) The volcanic ash problem. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 122:1–5

    Google Scholar 

  • Zobin VM, Santiago-Jiménez H, Ramírez-Ruiz JJ, Reyes-Dávila GA, Bretón-González M, Navarro-Ochoa C (2007) Quantification of volcanic explosions from tilt records: Volcán de Colima, México. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 166(2):117–124

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

L Gurioli thanks the MeMoVolc, European Science Foundation grant (ref. n. 4253). G Valentine D Swanson and the editor, J White, are thanked for their constructive reviews. This research was financed by the French Government Laboratory of Excellence initiative no ANR-10-LABX-0006, the Région Auvergne and the European Regional Development Fund. This is Laboratory of Excellence ClerVolc contribution number 154.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to L. Gurioli.

Additional information

Editorial responsibility: J.D.L. White

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Gurioli, L., Andronico, D., Bachelery, P. et al. MeMoVolc consensual document: a review of cross-disciplinary approaches to characterizing small explosive magmatic eruptions. Bull Volcanol 77, 49 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-015-0935-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-015-0935-x

Keywords

  • MeMoVolc
  • European Science Foundation
  • Small explosive magmatic eruptions
  • Texture