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Late Pleistocene-Holocene volcanic activity in northern Victoria Land recorded in Ross Sea (Antarctica) marine sediments

  • P. Del CarloEmail author
  • A. Di Roberto
  • G. Di Vincenzo
  • A. Bertagnini
  • P. Landi
  • M. Pompilio
  • E. Colizza
  • G. Giordano
Research Article

Abstract

Eight pyroclastic fall deposits have been identified in cores of Late Pleistocene-Holocene marine sediments from the Ross Sea (Antarctica), and their components, granulometry and clast morphologies were analysed. Sedimentological, petrographic and geochemical analysis of clasts, with 40Ar-39Ar dating of alkali feldspar grains, indicate that during this period at least five explosive eruptions of mid to high intensity (plinian to subplinian) occurred, and that three of these eruptions took place from Mount Melbourne volcanic complex, between 137.1 ± 3.4 and 12 ka. Geochemical comparison of the studied tephra with micro- and crypto-tephra recovered from deep Antarctic ice cores and from nearby englacial tephra at Frontier Mountain indicates that eruptive activity in the Melbourne Volcanic Province of northern Victoria Land was intense during the Late Pleistocene-Holocene, but only a general area of provenance for the majority of the identified tephra can be identified.

Keywords

Antarctica Melbourne volcanic province Gravity cores Marine tephra 40Ar-39Ar dating 

Notes

Acknowledgments

A. Cavallo of INGV Sezione di Roma is acknowledged for assistance in microprobe analyses. This work was funded by the Italian Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA), PdR2010/A2.12: Glacial and interglacial transitions deduced by the multidisciplinary study of marine sediments in the Ross Sea (Antarctica). A. Di Roberto benefited from a postdoctoral grant from the above-mentioned PNRA project. J.D.L. White, S. Rocchi and two anonymous reviewers are kindly acknowledged for their constructive revision of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

445_2015_924_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (11 kb)
Online resource 1 Core locations, recovery parameters and water depth of sampling. (XLSX 10 kb)
445_2015_924_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (96 kb)
Online resource 2 Total fusion 40Ar-39Ar data. Argon isotope concentrations are in V. (XLSX 96 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Del Carlo
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Di Roberto
    • 1
  • G. Di Vincenzo
    • 2
  • A. Bertagnini
    • 1
  • P. Landi
    • 1
  • M. Pompilio
    • 1
  • E. Colizza
    • 3
  • G. Giordano
    • 4
  1. 1.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, CNRPisaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Matematica e GeoscienzeUniversità di TriesteTriesteItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento Scienze GeologicheUniversità Roma TreRomeItaly

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