Bulletin of Volcanology

, 76:866 | Cite as

Volcanic ash hazard in the Central Mediterranean assessed from geological data

  • Roberto Sulpizio
  • Giovanni Zanchetta
  • Benoit Caron
  • Pierfrancesco Dellino
  • Daniela Mele
  • Biagio Giaccio
  • Donatella Insinga
  • Martine Paterne
  • Giuseppe Siani
  • Antonio Costa
  • Giovanni Macedonio
  • Roberto Santacroce
Short Scientific Communication

Abstract

Volcanic ash produced during explosive eruptions can have very severe impacts on modern technological societies. Here, we use reconstructed patterns of fine ash dispersal recorded in terrestrial and marine geological archives to assess volcanic ash hazards. The ash-dispersal maps from nine Holocene explosive eruptions of Italian volcanoes have been used to construct frequency maps of distal ash deposition over a wide area, which encompasses central and southern Italy, the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian seas and the Balkans. The maps are presented as two cumulative-thickness isopach maps, one for nine eruptions from different volcanoes and one for six eruptions from Somma-Vesuvius. These maps represent the first use of distal ash layers to construct volcanic hazard maps, and the proposed methodology is easily applicable to other volcanic areas worldwide.

Keywords

Volcanic ash Tephrostratigraphy Volcanic hazard Central Mediterranean 

Supplementary material

445_2014_866_MOESM1_ESM.doc (12.7 mb)
ESM 1(DOC 13028 kb)
445_2014_866_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (79 kb)
ESM 2(XLSX 79 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Sulpizio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giovanni Zanchetta
    • 3
  • Benoit Caron
    • 3
    • 10
    • 11
  • Pierfrancesco Dellino
    • 1
  • Daniela Mele
    • 1
  • Biagio Giaccio
    • 4
  • Donatella Insinga
    • 5
  • Martine Paterne
    • 6
  • Giuseppe Siani
    • 7
  • Antonio Costa
    • 8
  • Giovanni Macedonio
    • 9
  • Roberto Santacroce
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e GeoambientaliBariItaly
  2. 2.IDPA-CNRMilanItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraPisaItaly
  4. 4.IGAG-CNRRomeItaly
  5. 5.IAMC-CNRNaplesItaly
  6. 6.LSCE-CNRSGif sur YvetteFrance
  7. 7.IDES-UMR 8148, Université Paris-XIOrsayFrance
  8. 8.INGVBolognaItaly
  9. 9.OV-INGVNaplesItaly
  10. 10.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7193, Institut des Sciences de la Terre Paris (iSTeP)ParisFrance
  11. 11.CNRS, UMR 7193, Institut des Sciences de la Terre Paris (iSTeP)ParisFrance

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