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Geochemical evidence of the renewal of volcanic activity inferred from CO2 soil and SO2 plume fluxes: the 2007 Stromboli eruption (Italy)

Abstract

On 27 February 2007, a new eruption occurred on Stromboli which lasted until 2 April. It was characterized by effusive activity on the Sciara del Fuoco and by a paroxysmal event (15 March). This crisis represented an opportunity for us to refine the model that had been developed previously (2002–2003 eruption) and to improve our understanding of the relationship between the magmatic dynamics of the volcano and the geochemical variations in the fluids. In particular, the evaluation of the dynamic equilibrium between the volatiles (CO2 and SO2) released from the magma and the corresponding fluids discharged from the summit area allowed us to evaluate the level of criticality of the volcanic activity. One of the major accomplishments of this study is a 4-year database of summit soil CO2 flux on the basis of which we define the thresholds (low–medium–high) for this parameter that are empirically based on the natural volcanological evolution of Stromboli. The SO2 fluxes of the degassing plume and the CO2 fluxes emitted from the soil at Pizzo Sopra la Fossa are also presented. It is noteworthy that geochemical signals of volcanic unrest have been clearly identified before, during and after the effusive activity. These signals were found almost simultaneously in the degassing plume (SO2 flux) and in soil degassing (CO2 flux) at the summit, although the two degassing processes are shown to be clearly different. The interpretation of the results will be useful for future volcanic surveillance at Stromboli.

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Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank their colleagues at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia of Palermo for their help in acquiring and processing data. Furthermore, we are indebted to the Protezione Civile Italiana for their support in field logistics. I wish to thank Cyntia Werner, Tobias Fischer and anonymous reviewers for their constructive reviews that greatly improved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Salvatore Inguaggiato.

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This paper constitutes part of a special issue. The complete citation information is as follows:

Inguaggiato S, Vita F, Rouwet D, Bobrowski N, Morici S, Sollami A (2011) Geochemical evidence of the renewal of volcanic activity inferred from CO2 soil and SO2 plume fluxes: the 2007 Stromboli eruption (Italy). In: Inguaggiato S, Shinohara H, and Fischer T (eds) Geochemistry of volcanic fluids: a special issue in honor of Yuri A. Taran. Bull Volcanol 73(4):443–456

Editorial responsibility: T. Fischer

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Inguaggiato, S., Vita, F., Rouwet, D. et al. Geochemical evidence of the renewal of volcanic activity inferred from CO2 soil and SO2 plume fluxes: the 2007 Stromboli eruption (Italy). Bull Volcanol 73, 443–456 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-010-0442-z

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Keywords

  • Stromboli volcano
  • CO2 soil flux
  • SO2 flux
  • Geochemical monitoring
  • 2007 eruption