Oecologia

, Volume 183, Issue 2, pp 327–335 | Cite as

Environmental filtering of eudicot lineages underlies phylogenetic clustering in tropical South American flooded forests

  • Ana M. Aldana
  • Marcos B. Carlucci
  • Paul V. A. Fine
  • Pablo R. Stevenson
Highlighted Student Research

Abstract

The phylogenetic community assembly approach has been used to elucidate the role of ecological and historical processes in shaping tropical tree communities. Recent studies have shown that stressful environments, such as seasonally dry, white-sand and flooded forests tend to be phylogenetically clustered, arguing for niche conservatism as the main driver for this pattern. Very few studies have attempted to identify the lineages that contribute to such assembly patterns. We aimed to improve our understanding of the assembly of flooded forest tree communities in Northern South America by asking the following questions: are seasonally flooded forests phylogenetically clustered? If so, which angiosperm lineages are over-represented in seasonally flooded forests? To assess our hypotheses, we investigated seasonally flooded and terra firme forests from the Magdalena, Orinoco and Amazon Basins, in Colombia. Our results show that, regardless of the river basin in which they are located, seasonally flooded forests of Northern South America tend to be phylogenetically clustered, which means that the more abundant taxa in these forests are more closely related to each other than expected by chance. Based on our alpha and beta phylodiversity analyses we interpret that eudicots are more likely to adapt to extreme environments such as seasonally flooded forests, which indicates the importance of environmental filtering in the assembly of the Neotropical flora.

Keywords

Floodplains Várzea Igapó Phylobetadiversity Phylogenetic structure 

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 85 kb)
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Supplementary material 2 (PDF 504 kb)
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Supplementary material 3 (PDF 412 kb)
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Supplementary material 4 (PDF 72 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana M. Aldana
    • 1
  • Marcos B. Carlucci
    • 2
    • 3
  • Paul V. A. Fine
    • 4
  • Pablo R. Stevenson
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad de los AndesBogotá D.C.Colombia
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade Federal de GoiásGoiâniaBrazil
  3. 3.CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of BrazilBrasíliaBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Integrative BiologyUniversity and Jepson Herbaria, University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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