Oecologia

, Volume 180, Issue 3, pp 717–733

Phylogenetic and ecological factors impact the gut microbiota of two Neotropical primate species

  • Katherine R. Amato
  • Rodolfo Martinez-Mota
  • Nicoletta Righini
  • Melissa Raguet-Schofield
  • Fabiana Paola Corcione
  • Elisabetta Marini
  • Greg Humphrey
  • Grant Gogul
  • James Gaffney
  • Elijah Lovelace
  • LaShanda Williams
  • Albert Luong
  • Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
  • Rebecca M. Stumpf
  • Bryan White
  • Karen E. Nelson
  • Rob Knight
  • Steven R. Leigh
Plant-microbe-animal interactions - Original research

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that variation in diet across time and space results in changes in the mammalian gut microbiota. This variation may ultimately impact host ecology by altering nutritional status and health. Wild animal populations provide an excellent opportunity for understanding these interactions. However, compared to clinical studies, microbial research targeting wild animals is currently limited, and many published studies focus only on a single population of a single host species. In this study we utilize fecal samples from two species of howler monkey (Alouatta pigra and A. palliata) collected at four sites to investigate factors influencing the gut microbiota at three scales: taxonomic (host species), ecosystemic (forest type), and local (habitat disturbance/season). The results demonstrate that the effect of host species on the gut microbiota is stronger than the effect of host forest type, which is stronger than the effect of habitat disturbance or seasonality. Nevertheless, within host species, gut microbiota composition differs in response to forest type, habitat disturbance, and season. Variations in the effect size of these factors are associated both with host species and environment. This information may be beneficial for understanding ecological and evolutionary questions associated with Mesoamerican howler monkeys, as well as determining conservation challenges facing each species. These mechanisms may also provide insight into the ecology of other species of howler monkeys, non-human primates, and mammals.

Keywords

Alouatta Microbiome Habitat Season Disturbance 

Supplementary material

442_2015_3507_MOESM1_ESM.docx (48 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 48 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine R. Amato
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rodolfo Martinez-Mota
    • 4
  • Nicoletta Righini
    • 4
    • 5
  • Melissa Raguet-Schofield
    • 4
    • 6
  • Fabiana Paola Corcione
    • 7
  • Elisabetta Marini
    • 7
  • Greg Humphrey
    • 8
  • Grant Gogul
    • 8
  • James Gaffney
    • 8
  • Elijah Lovelace
    • 3
  • LaShanda Williams
    • 9
  • Albert Luong
    • 10
  • Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello
    • 10
  • Rebecca M. Stumpf
    • 4
    • 11
  • Bryan White
    • 11
    • 12
  • Karen E. Nelson
    • 13
  • Rob Knight
    • 8
  • Steven R. Leigh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of Colorado, BoulderBoulderUSA
  3. 3.BioFrontiers InstituteUniversity of Colorado BoulderBoulderUSA
  4. 4.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  5. 5.Red de Manejo Biorracional de Plagas y VectoresInstituto de Ecología, A.C.XalapaMexico
  6. 6.Department of AnthropologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  7. 7.Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell’Ambiente, Sezione di Neuroscienze e AntropologiaUniversità di CagliariCagliariItaly
  8. 8.Department of PediatricsUniversity of California, San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  9. 9.Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural ResourcesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  10. 10.Department of MedicineNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  11. 11.Institute for Genomic BiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  12. 12.Department of Animal SciencesUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  13. 13.J. Craig Venter InstituteRockvilleUSA

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