Developmental stage-specific expression of genes for sphingomyelin synthase in rat brain
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Sphingomyelin synthase genes (Sgms1 and Sgms2) encode the vital enzymes that participate in the processes of membrane transport, cell proliferation and apoptosis. We previously determined the exon–intron structure of Sgms1 and some features of its expression in human and rodent tissues. The circular RNAs (circRNAs) emerging from exons of the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) of Sgms1 were determined. These circRNAs are represented at a high level in the adult brain. Here, we demonstrate that, in contrast to Sgms1, Sgms2 does not contain the multi-exon 5′-UTR but encodes circRNAs, which are composed of the coding region of the gene and are expressed at a low level. We present a study of the expression of sphingomyelin synthase genes in rat brain at embryonic days 7, 9, 13, 17 and 21 and in adult rat brain. In contrast to Sgms1, Sgms2 is expressed at a significantly low level in adult brain. In embryonic rat brain, the mRNA expression of sphingomyelin synthase genes is varied in a developmental stage-specific manner. The level of Sgms1 mRNAs, differing by 5′-UTR—in the formation of which alternative promoters can participate—changes significantly during the process of embryonic development. The expression of circRNAs of Sgms1 was significantly raised during rat embryonic brain development. We assume that the circRNAs are involved in the regulation of sphingomyelin synthase activity in rat brain in different developmental stages.
KeywordsSphingomyelin synthase genes Developmental stage-specific expression Alternative promoters mRNA Circular RNA
We thank the Russian Foundation for Basic Research for support.
This work was supported by a grant from the Molecular and Cellular Biology Program of the Russian Academy of Sciences and by grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant number 16-04-00488; grant number 16-34-00653).
Compliance with ethical standards
All applicable international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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