Caveolin-1 regulates the anti-atherogenic properties of macrophages
- 557 Downloads
Atherosclerosis is a complex disease initiated by the vascular accumulation of lipoproteins in the sub-endothelial space, followed by the infiltration of monocytes into the arterial intima. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays an essential role in the regulation of cellular cholesterol metabolism and of various signaling pathways. In order to study specifically the role of macrophage Cav-1 in atherosclerosis, we used Cav-1 −/− Apoe −/− mice and transplanted them with bone marrow (BM) cells obtained from Cav-1 +/+ Apoe −/− or Cav-1 −/− Apoe −/− mice and vice versa. We found that Cav-1 +/+ mice harboring Cav-1 −/− BM-derived macrophages developed significantly larger lesions than Cav-1 +/+ mice harboring Cav-1 +/+ BM-derived macrophages. Cav-1 −/− macrophages were more susceptible to apoptosis and more prone to induce inflammation. The present study provides clear evidence that the absence of Cav-1 in macrophage is pro-atherogenic, whereas its absence in endothelial cells protects against atherosclerotic lesion formation. These findings demonstrate the cell-specific role of Cav-1 during the development of this disease.
KeywordsCaveolin Caveolae Macrophage Atherosclerosis Lipoproteins Mouse
The authors thank Dr. Iset Medina Vera for her technical support. P.G.F. was supported by grants from the Jane Barsumian/Mary Lyons Trust and the W.W. Smith Trust Fund. M.P.L. was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health and the American Heart Association.
- Bosch M, Mari M, Herms A, Fernandez A, Fajardo A, Kassan A, Giralt A, Colell A, Balgoma D, Barbero E, Gonzalez-Moreno E, Matias N, Tebar F, Balsinde J, Camps M, Enrich C, Gross SP, Garcia-Ruiz C, Perez-Navarro E, Fernandez-Checa JC, Pol A (2011b) Caveolin-1 deficiency causes cholesterol-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptotic susceptibility. Curr Biol 21:681–686PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dansky HM, Barlow CB, Lominska C, Sikes JL, Kao C, Weinsaft J, Cybulsky MI, Smith JD (2001) Adhesion of monocytes to arterial endothelium and initiation of atherosclerosis are critically dependent on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 gene dosage. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 21:1662–1667PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gargalovic PS, Imura M, Zhang B, Gharavi NM, Clark MJ, Pagnon J, Yang WP, He A, Truong A, Patel S, Nelson SF, Horvath S, Berliner JA, Kirchgessner TG, Lusis AJ (2006) Identification of inflammatory gene modules based on variations of human endothelial cell responses to oxidized lipids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:12741–12746PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Li J, Scherl A, Medina F, Frank PG, Kitsis RN, Tanowitz HB, Sotgia F, Lisanti MP (2005) Impaired phagocytosis in caveolin-1 deficient macrophages. Cell Cycle 4:1596–1605Google Scholar
- Myoishi M, Hao H, Minamino T, Watanabe K, Nishihira K, Hatakeyama K, Asada Y, Okada K, Ishibashi-Ueda H, Gabbiani G, Bochaton-Piallat ML, Mochizuki N, Kitakaze M (2007) Increased endoplasmic reticulum stress in atherosclerotic plaques associated with acute coronary syndrome. Circulation 116:1226–1233PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Palade GE (1953) Fine structure of blood capillaries. J Appl Phys 24:1424Google Scholar
- Razani B, Combs TP, Wang XB, Frank PG, Park DS, Russell RG, Li M, Tang B, Jelicks LA, Scherer PE, Lisanti MP (2001a) Caveolin-1 deficient mice are lean, resistant to diet-induced obesity, and show hyper-triglyceridemia with adipocyte abnormalities. J Biol Chem 277:8635–8647PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Razani B, Engelman JA, Wang XB, Schubert W, Zhang XL, Marks CB, Macaluso F, Russell RG, Li M, Pestell RG, Di Vizio D, Hou H Jr, Kneitz B, Lagaud G, Christ GJ, Edelmann W, Lisanti MP (2001b) Caveolin-1 null mice are viable but show evidence of hyperproliferative and vascular abnormalities. J Biol Chem 276:38121–38138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Scherer PE, Lewis RY, Volonte D, Engelman JA, Galbiati F, Couet J, Kohtz DS, van Donselaar E, Peters P, Lisanti MP (1997) Cell-type and tissue-specific expression of caveolin-2. Caveolins 1 and 2 co-localize and form a stable hetero-oligomeric complex in vivo. J Biol Chem 272:29337–29346PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tsukano H, Gotoh T, Endo M, Miyata K, Tazume H, Kadomatsu T, Yano M, Iwawaki T, Kohno K, Araki K, Mizuta H, Oike Y (2010) The endoplasmic reticulum stress-C/EBP homologous protein pathway-mediated apoptosis in macrophages contributes to the instability of atherosclerotic plaques. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 30:1925–1932PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Zhang Y, Yang X, Bian F, Wu P, Xing S, Xu G, Li W, Chi J, Ouyang C, Zheng T, Wu D, Zhang Y, Li Y, Jin S (2014) TNF-alpha promotes early atherosclerosis by increasing transcytosis of LDL across endothelial cells: crosstalk between NF-kappaB and PPAR-gamma. J Mol Cell Cardiol 72:85–94PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar