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Annexins as cell-type-specific markers in the developing chicken chorionallantoic membrane

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Abstract

Between day E8 and E12 of embryonic development, the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) undergoes massive structural rearrangement enabling calcium-uptake from the eggshell to supply the growing embryo. However, the contribution of the various cell types of the chorionic epithelium including the capillary covering (CC) cells, villus cavity (VC) cells, endothelial-like cells, and basal cells to this developmental program is largely unknown. In order to obtain markers for the different cell types in the chorionic epithelium, we determined the expression patterns of various calcium-binding annexins in the developing chicken CAM. By reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction with primers deduced from nucleotide sequences available in various databases, the presence of annexin (anx)–1, anx–2, anx–5, and anx–6 was demonstrated at days E8 and E12. Quantitative immunoblotting with novel antibodies raised against the recombinant proteins revealed that anx–1 and anx–5 were significantly up-regulated at day E12, whereas anx–2 and anx–6 expression remained almost unchanged in comparison to levels at day E8. Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded sections of E12 CAM revealed anx–1 in CC cells and VC cells. Anx–2 was localized in capillaries in the chorionic epithelium and in basal cells of the allantoic epithelium, whereas anx–6 was detected in basal cells or endothelial-like cells of the chorionic epithelium and in the media of larger vessels in the mesenchyme. A 2-day exposure of the CAM to a tumor cell spheroid resulted in strong proliferation of anx–1-expressing CC cells suggesting that these cells participate in the embryonic response to experimental intervention. Thus, annexins exhibit complementary expression patterns and represent appropriate cell markers for the further characterization of CAM development and the interpretation of results obtained when using CAM as an experimental model.

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Acknowledgements

The skilful technical support of Bettina de Breuyn, Regula Buergy, and Christina Sala is gratefully acknowledged. We thank Dr. Katia Monastyrskaya for providing the anti-annexin-2 antibody and for helpful discussions.

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Correspondence to Oliver Baum.

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Matschke, K., Da Silva-Azevedo, L., Hlushchuk, R. et al. Annexins as cell-type-specific markers in the developing chicken chorionallantoic membrane. Cell Tissue Res 323, 395–404 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-005-0112-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-005-0112-1

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