Two cases of subcutaneous dirofilariasis in Barcelona, Spain


In recent years, the number of reported cases of human dirofilariasis in Europe has increased and the circulation of Dirofilaria spp. in mosquitoes in several European countries has been proven. We report here two likely autochthonous cases of subcutaneous human dirofilariasis from Barcelona, Spain, caused by Dirofilaria repens. The potential for an increase in human infection is high given the number of cases published recently and the ability of vectors to spread through the Mediterranean basin.

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Authors thanks Isabel Martín and Laura Gómez for their help in the laboratory analyses.


J.M.P. was partially supported by a 2017 Leonardo Grant for Researchers and Cultural Creators, BBVA Foundation. The Foundation accepts no responsibility for the opinions, statements and contents included in the project and/or the results thereof, which are entirely the responsibility of the authors.

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Correspondence to Pedro Laynez-Roldán.

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Section Editor: Domenico Otranto

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Laynez-Roldán, P., Martínez-de la Puente, J., Montalvo, T. et al. Two cases of subcutaneous dirofilariasis in Barcelona, Spain. Parasitol Res 117, 3679–3681 (2018).

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  • Aedes albopictus
  • Culex pipiens
  • Dirofilaria repens
  • Dirofilariasis
  • Heartworm
  • Mosquitoes
  • Subcutaneous nodules