Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 11, pp 3679–3681 | Cite as

Two cases of subcutaneous dirofilariasis in Barcelona, Spain

  • Pedro Laynez-RoldánEmail author
  • Josué Martínez-de la Puente
  • Tomás Montalvo
  • Jordi Mas
  • José Muñoz
  • Jordi Figuerola
  • Natalia Rodriguez-Valero
Short Communication


In recent years, the number of reported cases of human dirofilariasis in Europe has increased and the circulation of Dirofilaria spp. in mosquitoes in several European countries has been proven. We report here two likely autochthonous cases of subcutaneous human dirofilariasis from Barcelona, Spain, caused by Dirofilaria repens. The potential for an increase in human infection is high given the number of cases published recently and the ability of vectors to spread through the Mediterranean basin.


Aedes albopictus Culex pipiens Dirofilaria repens Dirofilariasis Heartworm Mosquitoes Subcutaneous nodules 



Authors thanks Isabel Martín and Laura Gómez for their help in the laboratory analyses.

Funding information

J.M.P. was partially supported by a 2017 Leonardo Grant for Researchers and Cultural Creators, BBVA Foundation. The Foundation accepts no responsibility for the opinions, statements and contents included in the project and/or the results thereof, which are entirely the responsibility of the authors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ISGlobalHospital Clínic - Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC)SevilleSpain
  3. 3.CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Public Health AgencyBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Microbiology DepartmentHospital ClinicBarcelonaSpain

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