Two cases of subcutaneous dirofilariasis in Barcelona, Spain
- 215 Downloads
In recent years, the number of reported cases of human dirofilariasis in Europe has increased and the circulation of Dirofilaria spp. in mosquitoes in several European countries has been proven. We report here two likely autochthonous cases of subcutaneous human dirofilariasis from Barcelona, Spain, caused by Dirofilaria repens. The potential for an increase in human infection is high given the number of cases published recently and the ability of vectors to spread through the Mediterranean basin.
KeywordsAedes albopictus Culex pipiens Dirofilaria repens Dirofilariasis Heartworm Mosquitoes Subcutaneous nodules
Authors thanks Isabel Martín and Laura Gómez for their help in the laboratory analyses.
J.M.P. was partially supported by a 2017 Leonardo Grant for Researchers and Cultural Creators, BBVA Foundation. The Foundation accepts no responsibility for the opinions, statements and contents included in the project and/or the results thereof, which are entirely the responsibility of the authors.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Bataille A, Fournié G, Cruz M, Cedeño V, Parker PG, Cunningham AA, Goodman SJ (2012) Host selection and parasite infection in Aedes taeniorhynchus, endemic disease vector in the Galápagos Islands. Infect Genet Evol 12:1831–1841. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2012.07.019 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Martínez-de la Puente J, Moreno-Indias I, Hernández-Castellano LE, Argüello A, Ruiz S, Soriguer RC, Figuerola J (2012) Host-feeding pattern of Culex theileri (Diptera: Culicidae), potential vector of Dirofilaria immitis in the Canary Islands, Spain. J Med Entomol 49:1419–1423. https://doi.org/10.1603/ME12081 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Montoya-Alonso JA, Carretón E, Simón L, González-Miguel J, García-Guasch L, Morchón R, Simón F (2015) Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs from Barcelona: validation of a geospatial prediction model. Vet Parasitol 212:456–459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2015.06.025 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Otranto D, Brianti E, Gaglio G, Dantas-Torres F, Azzaro S, Giannetto S (2011) Human ocular infection with Dirofilaria repens (Railliet and Henry, 1911) in an area endemic for canine dirofilariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:1002–1004. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0719 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Ramírez de Ocáriz Landaberea I, Brezmes Valdivieso MF, García Sanz SC, Simón Martín F (2017) A case of human ocular dirofilariasis in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia in Northwest Spain. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 36:10–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eimc.2017.11.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schaffner F, Angel G, Geoffroy B, et al (2001) Les moustiques d’Europe: logiciel d’identification et d’enseignement = The mosquitoes of Europe: an identification and training programme. IRD Orstom, EID, 1 CD ROM (Didactiques), Paris (FRA), MontepellierGoogle Scholar
- Zouré HGM, Wanji S, Noma M, Amazigo UV, Diggle PJ, Tekle AH, Remme JHF (2011) The geographic distribution of Loa loa in Africa: results of large-scale implementation of the rapid assessment procedure for Loiasis (RAPLOA). PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e2120. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001210 CrossRefGoogle Scholar