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Predicting species richness of ectoparasites of wild rodents from the Río de la Plata coastal wetlands, Argentina

Original Paper

Abstract

The richness of ectoparasite species associated with Sigmodontinae rodents (Cricetidae) from different sites located in the coastal wetlands of the Río de la Plata in Argentina was predicted by a model with three components: (1) habitat type, considered analogous to rodent species; (2) average ectoparasite species richness on each rodent species, and (3) average number of rodent species parasitized by each ectoparasite species. The model, based on rodent information (number of species and total number of captured rodents) and the environmental gradient, has a reasonably good fit for the observed data as well as independent data from different localities. The model is predictive and robust, and it could be a useful tool for epidemiological and biodiversity management strategies. Furthermore, the model could be adapted to other habitats if a suitable estimate of an environmental gradient is found, and it could be also possible to adapt it to other host taxa.

Keywords

Ectoparasites Rodents Model Species richness Argentinean wetlands 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Departamento Areas Protegidas y Difusión Conservacionista del Ministerio de Asuntos Agrarios de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, for its assistance and permission for the development of this research; Marcela Liljesthröm (La Plata, Argentina) and Natália Tóthová (Universtity College London, UK) for the revision of the English language; M. Laura Morote (CEPAVE) for her help with edition of the figures; Carlos Galliari (CEPAVE) for host species update; and to two anonymous reviewers who improved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Samplings were carried out with the corresponding permits of the Departamento Áreas Protegidas y Difusión Conservacionista del Ministerio de Asuntos Agrarios de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Supplementary material

436_2018_5940_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
ESM 1 Description of habitat types at Rio de la Plata wetlands, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. (DOCX 20 kb)
436_2018_5940_MOESM2_ESM.docx (26 kb)
ESM 2 Data used for model validation (DOCX 25 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CONICET-UNLP)La PlataArgentina

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