Helminth parasites of Mabuya arajara Rebouças-Spieker, 1981 (Lacertilia: Mabuyidae) from Chapada do Araripe, northeastern Brazil

  • Arthur do Nascimento Cabral
  • Diego Alves Teles
  • Samuel Vieira Brito
  • Waltécio de Oliveira Almeida
  • Luciano Alves dos Anjos
  • Míriam Camargo Guarnieri
  • Samuel Cardozo Ribeiro
Original Paper

Abstract

We provide data on the helminth fauna from the digestive tract of the lizard Mabuya arajara Rebouças-Spieker, 1981 from Chapada do Araripe, northeastern Brazil. Seventy one of the 127 lizards examined (56%) were infected with four nematode species: Physalopteroides venancioi and Physaloptera sp. (Physalopteridae), Strongyluris oscari (Heterakidae), and Parapharyngodon alvarengai (Pharyngodonidae), the latter being the component species (prevalence 53.5%; mean intensity of infection 3.37 ± 2.0; discrepancy index D = 0.69). The helminth P. alvarengai infected M. arajara throughout the year and showed increased infection rates in July, at the beginning of the dry season. In addition to the relationship with seasonality, lizards with greater body length and/or body mass were more infected. Relationships between number of parasites and body mass and with the sexes of lizards, on the other hand, were not found. Mabuya arajara represents a new host for these nematodes. This study contributes to the knowledge of the helminth fauna associated with the digestive tract of lizards from South America and the Caatinga domain.

Keywords

Caatinga Nematoda Parasitism Parapharyngodon alvarengai Seasonality 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the owners of private areas in which fieldwork was conducted: Raimundo Marques (Nascente, Delvechia Farm) and Ivan de Araújo B. Filho (São Joaquim Farm, Itapuí-S.A). We also thank Guilherme Sousa, Ivonildo Dias, Rafael Brandão and Jonathan Ramos for the field assistance.We are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico – CNPq (PQ-302429/2015-8) for the research grant awarded to W.O.Almeida. We thank to referees who carefully reviewed the manuscript and offered great contributions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical standards

The collecting methods were defined and authorized by the regulatory agency in Brazil (ICMBio/SISBio 20388-1 and 23544-1). All processes followed the ethical guidelines provided by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH), the Herpetologists’ League (HL), the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, and Conselho Brasileiro de Biologia (CBO).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur do Nascimento Cabral
    • 1
    • 2
  • Diego Alves Teles
    • 3
  • Samuel Vieira Brito
    • 4
  • Waltécio de Oliveira Almeida
    • 5
    • 6
  • Luciano Alves dos Anjos
    • 7
  • Míriam Camargo Guarnieri
    • 1
  • Samuel Cardozo Ribeiro
    • 5
    • 8
  1. 1.Departamento de ZoologiaUniversidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)RecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia AnimalUniversidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)RecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Sistemática e EcologiaUniversidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB)ParaíbaBrazil
  4. 4.Centro de Ciências Agrárias e AmbientaisUniversidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)ChapadinhaBrazil
  5. 5.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioprospecção MolecularUniversidade Regional do Cariri (URCA)CratoBrazil
  6. 6.Departamento de Química BiológicaUniversidade Regional do Cariri (URCA)CratoBrazil
  7. 7.Campus de Ilha Solteira, Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira, Departamento de Biologia e ZootecniaUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)São PauloBrazil
  8. 8.Instituto de Formação de EducadoresUniversidade Federal do Cariri (UFCA)Campus Brejo SantoBrazil

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