Parasitology Research

, Volume 117, Issue 4, pp 1115–1129 | Cite as

Protective vaccination alters gene expression of the liver of Balb/c mice in response to early prepatent blood-stage malaria of Plasmodium chabaudi

  • Saleh Al-Quraishy
  • Mohamed A. Dkhil
  • Abdel Azeem S. Abdel-Baki
  • Denis Delic
  • Frank Wunderlich
Original Paper


Current knowledge about liver responses to blood-stage malaria and their modulation by vaccination is still unclear. This study investigated effects of protective vaccination on liver gene and lincRNA expression of Balb/c mice at early prepatency of Plasmodium chabaudi blood-stage malaria. When a blood-stage vaccine was used to induce > 80% survival of otherwise lethal malaria, significant differences (p < 0.01) were detectable in global liver gene expression between vaccination-protected (potentially surviving) and non-protected non-vaccinated mice on day 1 p.i.. In the livers of protected mice, gene expression microarrays identified 224 and 419 genes, whose expression was up- and downregulated by > 3-fold, respectively. There were 24 genes upregulated by > 10-fold, including 10 IFN-inducible genes encompassing GTPases Irgm1, 2, and 3, and guanylate-binding protein Gbp11, the IL-1 decoy receptors Il1f9 and Il1ra1, the Il6 gene, and the gene for facilitated glucose transportation. Moreover, the IL-18 decoy receptor gene Il18bp, Gzmb, the genes Lif and Osmr encoding proteins of the IL-6 family, and the taurine transporter gene Slc6a6 were expressed > 3-fold in vaccinated mice. The genes Gbp10, 6, 4 were expressed by > 50% in vaccination-protected than in non-vaccinated mice. In addition, 43 lincRNA species were up- and 36 downregulated. Our data suggested novel regulatory elements of potential anti-malaria activity activated by protective vaccination in the liver, evidenced in response to early prepatent infections in vaccination-protected mice of otherwise lethal blood-stage malaria of P. chabaudi.


Protective vaccination Blood-stage malaria Prepatent infections Plasmodium chabaudi Liver Gene expression 


Funding information

This project was funded by the National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation (MAARIFAH), King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, awarded number (13-B101206-02).

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saleh Al-Quraishy
    • 1
  • Mohamed A. Dkhil
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdel Azeem S. Abdel-Baki
    • 1
    • 3
  • Denis Delic
    • 4
  • Frank Wunderlich
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of ScienceHelwan UniversityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt
  4. 4.Boehringer-Ingelheim PharmaBiberachGermany
  5. 5.Department of BiologyHeinrich-Heine-UniversityDuesseldorfGermany

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