Philometra mirabilis sp. n. (Nematoda: Philometridae), a new gonad-infecting parasite from the freshwater fish Cichla mirianae (Cichlidae) in Brazilian Amazon
A new nematode species, Philometra mirabilis sp. n. (Philometridae), is described based on a subgravid female specimen recovered from the ovary of the freshwater perciform fish Cichla mirianae Kullander and Ferreira (Cichlidae) in the Juruena River (Amazon River basin), State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The new species is morphologically very different from congeners parasitizing fishes in South America, being mainly characterized by the markedly elongate, narrow body 171 mm long (maximum width/body length 1:598), the presence of three small cone-shaped oesophageal teeth protruding out of the mouth and an onion-shaped oesophageal inflation distinctly separated from the posterior part of the oesophagus, the relative length of the oesophagus, and the rounded posterior end of the body without any caudal projections. It is the third known valid species of Philometra Costa, 1845 parasitizing a freshwater fish in South America and the second species of this genus reported from fishes of the family Cichlidae.
KeywordsParasitic nematode Dracunculoidea Cichlid fish Ovary Amazon River basin Brazil
The authors’ thanks are due to the staff of the Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the AS CR, České Budějovice, for their technical assistance, and to Blanka Škoríková of the same Institute for help with the illustrations. This study was partly supported by the Czech Science Foundation (Grant. No. P505/12G112) and by institutional support (RVO:60077344, Institute of Parasitology, BC ASCR).
- Froese R, Pauly D (eds) (2014) FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication, version 12/2014. http://www.fishbase.org
- Kalyankar SD (1971) On a new species of Philometra (Philometridae: Philometra Costa, 1845) from India. Acta Zool Mex 10:1–5Google Scholar
- Kullander SO, Ferreira EJG (2006) A review of the South American cichlid genus Cichla, with descriptions of nine new species (Teleostei:Cichlidae). Ichthyol Explor Freshwat 17:289–298Google Scholar
- Moravec F (2006) Dracunculoid and anguillicoloid nematodes parasitic in vertebrates. Academia, Prague, 634 ppGoogle Scholar
- Moravec F, Scholz T, Kuchta R, Grygier MJ (2008) Female morphology of Philometra parasiluri (Nematoda, Philometridae), an ocular parasite of the Amur catfish Silurus asotus in Japan. Acta Parasitol 53:153–157Google Scholar
- Vaz Z, Pereira C (1934) Contribuição ao conhecimento dos nematoides de peixes fluviais do Brasil. Arq Inst Biol, S Paulo 5:87–103Google Scholar
- Yamaguti S (1935) Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 9. Nematodes of fishes., 1. Jap J Zool 6:337–386Google Scholar