Parasitology Research

, Volume 114, Issue 3, pp 1051–1061 | Cite as

Modeling of the putative distribution of the arbovirus vector Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Germany

  • Christian Melaun
  • Antje Werblow
  • Sarah Cunze
  • Sina Zotzmann
  • Lisa K. Koch
  • Heinz Mehlhorn
  • Dorian D. Dörge
  • Katrin Huber
  • Oliver Tackenberg
  • Sven KlimpelEmail author
Original Paper


Today, international travel and global freight transportation are increasing and have a direct influence on the introduction and establishment of non-native mosquito species as well as on the spread of arthropod (mosquito)-borne diseases inside Europe. One of the mosquito species that has become invasive in many areas is the Asian rock pool or bush mosquito Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus (synonyms: Aedes japonicus japonicus or Hulecoeteomyia japonica japonica). This species was detected in Germany in 2008 for the first time. Until today, three different Oc. j. japonicus populations have been documented. Laboratory studies have shown that Oc. j. japonicus can act as a vector for a variety of disease agents. Thus, the knowledge on its current distribution is essential for different measurements. In the present study, ecological niche models were used to estimate the potential distribution of Oc. j. japonicus in Germany. The aim was to detect areas within Germany that could potentially function as habitats for this species. According to our model, areas in western, southern, and central Germany offer suitable conditions for the mosquito and may therefore be at risk for an invasion of the species. We strongly suggest that those areas should be monitored more intensively in the future. For this purpose, it would also be essential to search for possible dispersal routes as well as for natural barriers.


Ochlerotatus japonicus japonicus Germany Vector Modeling 



This research was funded by the ERA-Net BiodivERsA, with the national funders German Research Foundation (DFG KL 2087/6-1), Austrian Science Fund (FWF I-1437), and The French National Research Agency (ANR-13-EBID-0007-01), part of the 2013 BiodivERsA call for research proposals, by the research funding program “LOEWE—Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-ökonomischer Exzellenz” of Hesse’s Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and the Arts, and by the Senate Competition Committee grant (SAW-2014-SGN-3, SAW-2011-BNI-3) of the Leibniz Association.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Melaun
    • 1
  • Antje Werblow
    • 1
  • Sarah Cunze
    • 2
  • Sina Zotzmann
    • 1
  • Lisa K. Koch
    • 1
  • Heinz Mehlhorn
    • 3
  • Dorian D. Dörge
    • 1
  • Katrin Huber
    • 4
  • Oliver Tackenberg
    • 2
  • Sven Klimpel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Senckenberg Gesellschaft für NaturforschungGoethe-UniversityFrankfurt/ M.Germany
  2. 2.Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity; Department Ecology and GeobotanyGoethe-UniversityFrankfurt/ M.Germany
  3. 3.Institute for ParasitologyHeinrich Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  4. 4.Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical MedicineHamburgGermany

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