Molecular investigations of Hepatozoon species in dogs and developmental stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus
- 328 Downloads
The occurrence and distribution of Hepatozoon species in stray dogs, and the developmental stages of Rhipicephalus sanguineus detached from the same dogs in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey is reported. A total of 328 ticks, including 133 adults (55 males and 75 females consist of 63 partially engorged and 15 fully engorged) and 195 nymphs (91 partially engorged and 104 fully engorged) were detached from the dogs. Fully engorged nymphs and females were incubated at 27 °C and relative humidity of 85 % to molt to adult stage and recover eggs. The ticks were pooled according to sex and developmental stage. No Hepatozoon gamonts were found, whereas, by PCR, 15.87 % (10/63) of the dogs were infected with Hepatozoon canis. Of the 68 tick pools tested, 14 (20.58 %) pools were infected with Hepatozoon spp., an overall maximum likelihood estimation of prevalence of 4.9 % (95 % confidence intervals (CI) = 2.85–7.93 %) per 100 ticks. Maximum likelihood estimation of the infection rate varied by tick sex and developmental categories, ranging from 1.75 % (95 % CI = 0.11–8.11 %) in fed males to 6.81 % (95 % CI = 2.07–17.46 %) in unfed females. One amplicon from a fed adult female was 99 % identical to the sequence for Hepatozoon felis. The remaining sequences isolated from both dogs and ticks shared 99–100 % similarity with the corresponding H. canis isolates. This is the first detection of H. canis and H. felis in the tick R. sanguineus in Turkey.
KeywordsCanis Engorge Female Wild Felid Unfed Female Engorge Nymph
This work was supported financially by a grant (110 O 870) from the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK).
- Biggerstaff BJ (2009) PooledInfRate, Version 4.0: a Microsoft® Office Excel© Add-In to compute prevalence estimates from pooled samples. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO, U.S.AGoogle Scholar
- Craig TM (1998) Hepatozoonosis. In: Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. 2nd Edition. dited by Greene CE. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 458–465Google Scholar
- Gavazza A, Bizzeti M, Papini R (2003) Observations on dogs found naturally infected with Hepatozoon canis in Italy. Rev Med Vet 154:565–571Google Scholar
- Kubo M, Miyoshi N, Yasuda N (2006) Hepatozoonosis in two species of Japanese wild cat. J Vet Med Sci 833–837Google Scholar
- Metzger B, Paduan KS, Rubini AS, Oliveira TG, Pereira C, O’Dwyer LH (2008) The first report of Hepatozoon sp. (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) in neotropical felids from Brazil Vet. Parasitol 152:28–33Google Scholar
- Panciera RJ, Ewing SA (2003) American canine hepatozoonosis. Anim. Health. Res Rev 4:27–34Google Scholar
- Tüzdil AN (1933) Bizde ilk defa görülen bir Hepatozoon canis vakası. Türk Bay Cem Mec 13:35 (in Turkish)Google Scholar
- Walker JB, Keirans JE, Horak IG (2000) The genus Rhipicephalus (Acari, Ixodidae). A guide to the brown ticks of the world. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar