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Parasitology Research

, Volume 112, Issue 3, pp 1097–1103 | Cite as

Community structure of helminth parasites of the “Cururu” toad, Rhinella icterica (Anura: Bufonidae) from southern Brazil

  • Viviane Gularte Tavares dos Santos
  • Suzana B. Amato
  • Márcio Borges-Martins
Original Paper

Abstract

Sixty specimens of the “cururu” toad, Rhinella icterica (Spix 1824) (Bufonidae), were collected in Campo Belo do Sul, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, between May 2009 and January 2011, and were examined for the presence of helminth parasites. Nine species of adult helminths were found: Catadiscus cohni, Rudolphitrema rudolphii, Cylindrotaenia sp., Rhabdias fuelleborni, Strongyloides sp., Cosmocerca rara, Cosmocerca brasiliensis, Aplectana elenae, and Oxyascaris sp., in addition to an unidentified adult nematode species. Females of cosmocercid nematodes, proteocephalan plerocercoid, and acanthocephalan cystacanth were found but not identified for lack absolute of taxonomic characters. The sex of the anurans had no influence on prevalence, abundance, and richness of helminth species. Length and body mass of hosts did not influence the prevalence and richness of helminths, while the abundance of R. fuelleborni was significantly correlated with both parameters.

Keywords

Parasite Prevalence Jaccard Index Helminth Parasite Parasite Community Helminth Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors would like to thank the herpetologists, Dr. Rafael Balestrin and MSc. Patrick Colombo for their help on the field; undergraduate students Mariana Gliesh and Etiele Senna for their support on the necropsies; Dr. Cynthya E. González for the discussions regarding nematodes; Dr. Phillip J. Scholl for kindly reviewing the English version. VGT Santos and SB Amato thank CNPq and CAPES for the financial.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viviane Gularte Tavares dos Santos
    • 1
  • Suzana B. Amato
    • 1
  • Márcio Borges-Martins
    • 1
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Departamento de ZoologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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