Parasitology Research

, Volume 111, Issue 5, pp 1895–1899 | Cite as

Essential oil components from Asarum sieboldii Miquel are toxic to the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae

  • Haiqiang WuEmail author
  • Jing Li
  • Fang Zhang
  • Li Li
  • Zhigang Liu
  • Zhendan He
Original Paper


In our effort to develop novel plant-derived acaricides, we examined the contact and fumigant toxicity of Asarum heterotropoides (Asarum sieboldii Miquel) essential oil constituents to the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). Ten constituents, including methyl eugenol (relative amount 42.18 %), were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) in the A. sieboldii Miq. essential oil. In contact toxicity tests, methyl eugenol (4.2 μg/cm2, 24 h LD50) was most toxic to D. farinae, followed by benzyl benzoate (9.1 μg/cm2), A. sieboldii Miq. essential oil (37.7 μg/cm2), and dibutyl phthalate (DBP 57.9 μg/cm2). The potency of methyl eugenol and A. sieboldii Miq. essential oil was higher than benzyl benzoate and DBP, with mortalities of 100, 100, 94.6, and 13.2 %, respectively, after 2.5 h of exposure. In the vapor phase mortality bioassay, methyl eugenol and A. sieboldii Miq. essential oil resulted in 100 % mortality in closed containers after 24-h exposure, but only 4.7 and 7.9 %, respectively, in open containers, indicating that the toxicity in these tests was largely due to the vapor phase. Methyl eugenol and A. sieboldii Miq. essential oil merit further study as potential D. farinae control compounds.


House Dust Mite Methyl Eugenol Acaricidal Activity Contact Toxicity Benzyl Benzoate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported by a grant from the Planned Science and Technology Project of Shenzhen (JSA200903190973A).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiqiang Wu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jing Li
    • 2
  • Fang Zhang
    • 1
  • Li Li
    • 1
  • Zhigang Liu
    • 2
  • Zhendan He
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Institute of Allergy and Immunology, College of MedicineShenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina

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