Insecticidal activity of essential oils from native medicinal plants of Central Argentina against the house fly, Musca domestica (L.)
- 485 Downloads
The insecticidal activity of nine essential oils (EOs) against the house fly (Musca domestica) was evaluated by placing flies in a screw-cap glass jar holding a piece of EO-treated cotton yarn. The dose necessary to kill 50% of flies (LC50) in 30 min was determined at 26 ± 1°C. The EOs showed LC50 values ranging from 0.5 to 46.9 mg/dm3. The EO from Minthostachys verticillata was the most potent insecticide (LC50 = 0.5 mg/dm3) followed by EOs from Hedeoma multiflora (LC50 = 1.3 mg/dm3) and Artemisia annua (LC50 = 6.5 mg/dm3). The compositions of the nine EOs, obtained by hydrodistillation of medicinal herbs, were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. These analyses showed that (4R)(+)-pulegone (69.70%), menthone (12.17%), and limonene (2.75%) were the principal components of M. verticillata EO. (4R)(+)-pulegone was also the main constituent (52.80%) of H. multiflora, while artemisia ketone (22.36%) and 1,8-cineole (16.67%) were the major constituents of A. annua EO. The terpene (4R)(+)-pulegone showed a lower toxicity (LC50 = 1.7 mg/dm3) than M. verticillata or H. multiflora EOs. Dimethyl 2,2-dichlorovinyl phosphate, selected as a positive control, showed an LC50 of 0.5 mg/dm3. EOs from M. verticillata and H. multiflora show promise as natural insecticides against houseflies.
KeywordsLimonene Musca Domestica Artemisia Annua DDVP Menthone
Financial support for this work was provided by the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Técnica, FONCYT, PICT 33593. We thank Joss Heywood for revising the English language.
- Bustos JA, Bonino EE (2005) Cosecha silvestre de peperina (Minthosthachys mollis) en Córdoba, Argentina: implicancias socioeconómicas. Rev Iberoam Econ Ecol 2:45–55Google Scholar
- Coats J, Karr L, Drewes C (1991) Toxicity and neurotoxic effects of monoterpenoids in insects and earthworms. In: Hedin PA (ed) Naturally occurring pest bioregulators. ACS, Washington, D.C., pp 306–316 Symposium Series no. 449Google Scholar
- Ferrer A (2003) Pesticide poisoning. Anal Sis San Navarra 26:155–171Google Scholar
- Isman MB (1999) Pesticides based on plant essential oils. Pestic Pest Outlook 10:68–72Google Scholar
- Isman MB, Machial CM (2006) Pesticides based on plant essential oils: from traditional practice to commercialization. In: Rai M, Carpinella MC (eds) Naturally occurring bioactive compounds, vol 3, 1st edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 29–44Google Scholar
- Rice PJ, Coats JR (1994a) Insecticidal properties of several monoterpenoids to the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae), red flour beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and southern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J Econ Entomol 87:1172–1179Google Scholar