Skip to main content
Log in

Ectoparasites of dogs and cats in Albania

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Parasitology Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

One hundred eighty-one dogs and 26 short-hair cats from suburban areas around Tirana, Albania were examined for ectoparasite infestation. The dogs were examined on several occasions from 2005 through 2009 representing three seasons: winter (December–February), spring (March–May), and summer (June–August); the cats were examined in late autumn (November). In addition, deep ear swab specimens of 30 dogs were examined for ear mites. The arthropod ectoparasite fauna of the dogs included two tick species (Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Ixodes ricinus), three mite species (Sarcoptes scabiei var. canis, Otodectes cynotis, and Demodex canis), three flea species (Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis, and Pulex irritans), and one louse species (Trichodectes canis). In the dogs, rates of infestation were 23.8% for R. sanguineus, 0.6% for I. ricinus, 4.4% for S. scabiei var. canis, 6.7% for O. cynotis, 0.6% for D. canis, 75.7% for C. canis, 5.0% for C. felis, 8.3% for P. irritans, and 6.6% for T. canis. Mixed infestation with two or three species of ectoparasites was recorded on 38.1% of the dogs. Fleas infested 75.7% dogs (geometric mean, 3.96; range, 1–80) and were observed in winter, spring, and summer with increasing prevalences of 64.3%, 75.9%, and 100%. Ticks parasitized 24.3% of the dogs (geometric mean, 0.41; range, 1–331). R. sanguineus ticks were recorded on 34.2% and 50% of the dogs examined in spring and summer, respectively, but were absent on the dogs during winter except for a single I. ricinus specimen observed. Prevalence of infestation with R. sanguineus, S. scabiei var. canis, C. felis, P. irritans, and T. canis did not differ between dogs ≤6 months and dogs >6 months of age; however, prevalence of infestation with C. canis was significantly (p < 0.01) higher in dogs >6 months old. There was no difference between the sexes for the prevalences of infestation with those parasites. The examination of the cats revealed infestation with only one species of ectoparasite, C. felis (prevalence, 100%; geometric mean, 2.5; range, 1–9).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Adhami J, Murati N (1977) Leishmanioza e qenit dhe rezervuari i leishmaniozës viscerale në vendin tonë. Buletini i Shkencave Mjekësore 17(4):69–74

    Google Scholar 

  • Alcaíno HA, Gorman TR, Alcaíno R (2002) Flea species from dogs in three cities of Chile. Vet Parasitol 105:261–265

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Angelovskii T (1957) Prilog poznavaњu piroplazmoza u NR Makedoniji. Acta Vet (Beogr) 7:91–100

    Google Scholar 

  • Asensi GD (2007) Parasitofauna del gato doméstico (Felis catus) en el municipio de Murcia. Repertorio de Tesis Doctorales 2007, Univ Murcia, p 129

  • Babos S (1964) Die Zeckenfauna Mitteleuropas. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest

    Google Scholar 

  • Baker KP, Hatch C (1972) The species of fleas found on Dublin dogs. Vet Rec 91:151–152

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bárdoš V, Adamcová V, Dedei S, Gjini N, Rosický B, Šimková A (1959) Neutralizing antibodies against some neurotropic viruses determined in human sera in Albania. J Hyg Epidemiol Microbiol Imunol 3:277–282

    Google Scholar 

  • Beck W, Boch K, Mackensen H, Wiegand B, Pfister K (2006) Qualitative and quantitative observations on the flea population dynamics of dogs and cats in several areas of Germany. Vet Parasitol 137:130–136

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Beresford-Jones W-P (1974) The fleas Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché 1833), Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis, 1826), and the mite Cheyletiella (Canestrini, 1886) in the dog and cat: their transmissibility to humans. In: Soulsby EJL (ed) Parasitic Zoonoses. Clinical and experimental studies. Academic, London, pp 383–390

    Google Scholar 

  • Beresford-Jones W-P (1981) Prevalence of fleas on dogs and cats in an area of central London. J Small Anim Pract 22:27–29

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Berxholi K, Byku B, Kießig ST, Süss J (1995) Einige Daten zur Epidemiologie der Früsommer-Meningoenzephalitis sowie zum Nachweis des Hantaan- und des Krim-Kongo-Virus in Albanien. In: Süss J (ed) Durch Zecken übertragene Erkrankungen: FSME und Lyme-Borreliose. WissenschaftsVerl. A. Weller, Schriesheim, pp 33–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Bond R, Riddle A, Mottram L, Beugnet F, Stevenson R (2007) Survey of flea infestation in dogs and cats in the United Kingdom during 2005. Vet Rec 160:503–506

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bourdeau P, Blumstein P (1995) Flea infestation and Ctenocephalides felis in the dog and the cat: parasitological, biological and immunological aspects in the west of France. Ann Congr Eur Soc Vet Dermatol, 01–03 Sept 1995, Barcelona, Spain, Proc, pp 1–6

  • Brouqui P, Parola P, Fournier PE, Raoult D (2007) Spotted fever rickettsioses in southern and eastern Europe. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 49:2–12

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al., revisited. J Parasitol 83:45–52

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Canestri Trotti G, Corradini L, Visconti S (1990) Indagine parassitologia in un rifugio per gatti a Ferrara. Parassitologia 32(Suppl. 1):42–43

    Google Scholar 

  • Cani E, Myrseli T, Petrela R, Minarolli P, Pano K (2001) Leishmanioza visherali—zoonoze me rrezik potenzial në Shqipëri. Rev Vet (Tirana) 5:81–92

    Google Scholar 

  • Cadiergues MC, Deloffre P, Franc M (2000) Répartition des espèces de puces rencontrées chez le chat en France. Rev Med Vet 151:447–450

    Google Scholar 

  • Carpano M (1938) Spirochetosi dei volatili in Albania ciclo degli spirocheti negli invertebrati ematofagi trasmettitori. Riv Parassitol 2:165–182

    Google Scholar 

  • Černý V, Rosický B (1960) Ixodes candavius, a new tick species from Albania. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:17–19

    Google Scholar 

  • Chaligiannis I, Sotiraki S, Xanthopoulou K, Papa A (2009) Ticks parasitizing humans in North-east Greece. 7th Ann Meet Eur Vet Parasitol Coll & 10th Bienn Symp Ectoparasites in Pets (ISEP), 03–05 June 2009, Toulouse, France, Proc, p 76

  • Chesney CJ (1995) Species of flea found on cats and dogs in south west England: further evidence of their polyxenous state and implications for flea control. Vet Rec 136:356–358

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Christodoulopoulos G, Theodoropoulos G (2003) Infestation of dairy goats with the human flea, Pulex irritans, in central Greece. Vet Rec 152:371–372

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Christodoulopoulos G, Theodoropoulos G, Kominakis A, Theis JH (2006) Biological, seasonal and environmental factors associated with Pulex irritans infestation of dairy goats in Greece. Vet Parasitol 137:137–143

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Christova I, Jvd P, Velo E, Schouls L (2003) Identification of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma und Ehrlichia species, and spotted fever group rickettsiae in ticks from Southeastern Europe. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 22:535–542

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Cicko Z, Zanaj S, Kusi I, Cani E (1999) Kërkime mbi leishmaniozën kanine në Shqipëri. Buletini i Shkencave Bujqësore 3:109–113

    Google Scholar 

  • Clark F (1999) Prevalence of the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis and oocyte development during autumn and winter in Leicester City, UK. Med Vet Entomol 13:217–218

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Cornely M, Schultz U (1992) Zur Zeckenfauna Ostdeutschlands. Angew Parasitol 33:173–183

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Cvetanović V (1956) O vrstama, rasprostranjenosti i sezonskom javljanju krpelja u Dalmaciji sosvrtom na javljanje tick-paralize. Veterinaria (Sarajevo) 5:589–595

    Google Scholar 

  • Danielova V (1960) Krovososuŝie dvukrylye (Fam. Tabanidae, Hippoboscidae, Hypodermatidae) iz sborov èkspedicii ČSAN v Albanii. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:37–40 in Russian

    Google Scholar 

  • Dantas-Torres F (2008) The brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae): from taxonomy to control. Vet Parasitol 152:173–185

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dărăbuş G (2003) Incidenţa dermatomicozelor şi a altor afecţiuni cutanate, la câine şi pisică, în vestul României. Rev Sci Parasitol 3:9–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Dhamo G, Rapti D, Bizhga B, Llazari A (2006) Kërkime hematologjike paraprake mbi babezionën e qenve. Rev. Shqiptare e Shkencave Bujqësore 5(8):115–119

    Google Scholar 

  • Durden LA, Judy TN, Martin JE, Spedding LS (2005) Fleas parasitizing domestic dogs in Georgia, USA: species composition and seasonal abundance. Vet Parasitol 130:157–162

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Eltari E, Gina A, Bitri T, Sharofi F (1993) Some data on arboviruses, especially tick-borne encephalitis, in Albania. Giorn Malattie Infett Parassit 45:404–411

    Google Scholar 

  • Enigk K (1947) Zur Kenntnis der Zeckenfauna von Süd- und Osteuropa. Monatsh Veterinarmed 2:75–81

    Google Scholar 

  • Estrada-Peña A, Jongejan F (1999) Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting Ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission. Exp Appl Acaraol 23:675–715

    Google Scholar 

  • Estrada-Peña A, Bouattour A, Camicas J-L, Walzer AR (2004) Ticks of domestic animals in the Mediterranean region. A guide to identification of species. University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza

    Google Scholar 

  • Farkas R, Földvári G (2001) A kutyák és a macskák kullancsosságának hazai vizsgálata. Magyar Allat Lapja 123:534–539

    Google Scholar 

  • Fournier P-E, Durand J-P, Rolain J-M, Camicas J-L, Tolou H, Raoult D (2003) Detection of Astrakhan fever rickettsia from ticks in Kosovo. Ann New York Acad Sci 990:158–161

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Franc M, Choquart P, Cadiergues MC (1998) Répartition des espèces de puces rencontrées chez le chien en France. Rev Méd Vét 149:135–140

    Google Scholar 

  • Gilles J, Just FT, Silaghi C, Pradel I, Lengauer H, Hellmann K, Pfister K (2008a) Rickettsia felis in fleas, France. Emerg Infect Dis 14:684–686

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gilles J, Just FT, Silaghi C, Pradel I, Passos LMF, Lengauer H, Hellmann K, Pfister K (2008b) Rickettsia felis in fleas, Germany. Emerg Infect Dis 14:1294–1296

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gina A (1973) Të dhëna faunistike mbi rriqnat e familjes Ixodidae në rrethin e Tiranës. Buletini i Shkencave te Natyrës 2(3/4):73–86

    Google Scholar 

  • Gina A (1983) Rezultatet e kërkimeve parazitologjike, pjesë përbërëse në sqarimin e epidemiologjisë të sëmundjeve me vatra natyrore. Rev Mjek 2:5–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Gina A, Kastrati B (1974) Ixodes ricinus (L.) vektor i mundshëm i encefalitit ixodik. Buletini i Shkencave te Natyrës 3(3):63–71

    Google Scholar 

  • Gina A, Suta K, Kastrati B, Azemi D (1975) Shërndarja e riqnave (Familija Ixodidae) në vëndin tonë e parë në prizmin e rëndësisë epidemiologjike. Buletini i Shkencave Mjekësore 2:63–71

    Google Scholar 

  • Gina A, Sharofi F, Bashari V, Kastrati B, Bebej S (1986) Encefaliti iksodik-sëmundje me vatër natyrore infeksioni në vendin tonë. Rev Mjek 5:22–29

    Google Scholar 

  • Gracia MJ, Lucientes J, Castillo JA, Peribáñez MA, Latorre E, Zárate J, Arbea I (2000) Pulex irritans infestation in dogs. Vet Rec 147:748–749

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gracia MJ, Calvete C, Estrada R, Castillo JA, Peribáñez MA, Lucientes J (2008) Fleas parasitizing domestic dogs in Spain. Vet Parasitol 151:312–319

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Haarløv N, Kristensen S (1977) Beiträge zur Dermatologie von Hund und Katze. 3. Flöhe von Hunden und Katzen in Dänemark. Tierarztl Prax 5:507–511

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Hamel D, Silaghi C, Rapti D, Kusi I, Pfister K (2008) Beitrag zur Kenntnis Vektor-übertragener Erkrankungen bei Hunden aus Albanien. 42. Jahrestag Österr Ges Tropenmed Parasitol, Innsbruck, 20.-22. 11. 2008, Kurzfass Vorträge:17

  • Haralampides ST (1978) Contribution to the study of cat’s parasites and their public health importance. Hell Vet Med 21:117–119

    Google Scholar 

  • Heneberg N, Heneberg D, Milošević J, Dimitrijević V (1968) Rasprostranjenost krpelja u Autonomnoj pokrajini Kosovu i Metohiji. Poseban osvrt na Hyalomma plumbeum plumbeum Panzer—rezervoara i vektora krimske hemoragične groznice čoveka. Zb Vojnomed Akad 1967:30–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Hiepe T, Ribbeck R (1982) Veterinärmedizinische Arachno-Entomologie. Lehrbuch der Parasitologie, Bd 4. Verl G Fischer, Jena

  • Hinaidy HK (1991) Beitrag zur Biologie des Dipylidium caninum. 2. Mitteilung. J Vet Med Ser B 38:329–336

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jancke O (1938) Flöhe oder Aphaniptera (Suctoria). In: Dahl F (ed) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise, 35 Teil. Verl G Fischer, Jena, pp 1–42

    Google Scholar 

  • Jensen JJF (2003) Untersuchungen zur Epizootiologie von im Blut nachweisbaren arthropogenen Infektionen beim Hund in Griechenland. Veterinary Dissertation. University of Leipzig, Germany

    Google Scholar 

  • Kalvelage H, Münster M (1991) Die Ctenocephalides-canis- und Ctenocephalides-felis-Infestation von Hund und Katze. Tierarztl Prax 19:200–206

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kero A, Xinxho A (1998) Epidemiological characteristics of leishmaniasis in Albania in the period 1984–1996. Giorn Ital Med Trop 3:55–57

    Google Scholar 

  • Knoppe T, Beck W, Gall Y, Pfister K, Pothier F, Stanneck D, Hellmann K (2003) Prävalenzen von Floharten bei Hunden. DVG-Tag “Epidemiologie und Bekämpfung von Parasitosen”, 20–21 Mar 2003, Leipzig, Germany, Abstr, p 37

  • Koutinas AF, Papazahariadou MG, Rallis TS, Tzivara NH, Himonas CA (1995) Flea species from dogs and cats in northern Greece: environmental and clinical implications. Vet Parasitol 58:109–115

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kral B (1986) Parasitenbefall der Katzen in einem Tierheim. Veterinary Dissertation. Veterinary University, Vienna

    Google Scholar 

  • Kristensen S, Haarløv N, Mourier H (1978) A study of skin diseases in dogs and cats. 4. Pattern of flea infestation of dogs and cats in Denmark. Nord Vet-Med 30:401–413

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kulisic Z, Janjic D, Misic Z, Simic S (2000) Role of ticks in the prevalence of babesiosis at dogs in Krusevac area. Acta Parasitol 45:220–221

    Google Scholar 

  • Larsen KS, Shaw SE, Kenny MJ, Day MJ, Lerga AI, Birtles RJ, Schiønning S (2001) A survey of tick species found on pet dogs and cats in Denmark (2000). 6th Int Symp Ectoparasites Pets, 12–15 May 2001, Westport, Co Mayo, Ireland, Proc, p 165

  • Lazri T, Duscher G, Edelhofer R, Bytyci B, Gjino P, Joachim A (2008) Infektionen mit arthropodenübertragenen Parasiten bei Hunden im Kosovo und in Albanien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Leishmanieninfektionen. Wien Klin Wochenschr 120(Suppl. 4):54–58

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Liebisch A, Brandes A, Hoppenstedt K (1985) Zum Befall von Hunden und Katzen mit Zecken und Flöhen in Deutschland. Prakt Tierarzt 66:817–824

    Google Scholar 

  • Lika M, Bërxholi K (2004) Ixodes ricinus dhe ethja Q në kafshë dhe quemësht. Buletini Matematika dhe Shkencat e Natyrës 1:58–66

    Google Scholar 

  • Losson B, Baar D, Maréchal F, Barbé M, Mignon B (2003) Hard ticks (Acarina, Ixodidae) found on domestic carnivores in Belgium: a survey conducted during three consecutive years. 19th Int Conf World Assoc Adv Vet Parasitol, 10–14 Aug 2003, New Orleans, USA, Abstr, p 239

  • Luli M (1963) Rriqnat e familjes Ixodidae që parazitonjë në kafshët shtëpijake në Shqipëri. Buletini i Shkencave Bujqësore 2(1):108–137

    Google Scholar 

  • Manfredi MT, Dini V, Piacenza S, Genchi C (1999) Tick species parasitizing people in an area endemic for tick-borne diseases in north-western Italy. Parassitologia 41:555–560

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Marchiondo AA, Holdsworth PA, Green P, Blagburn BL, Jacobs DE (2007) World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) guidelines for evaluating the effectsof parasiticides for the treatment, prevention and control of flea and tick infestation on dogs and cats. Vet Parasitol 145:332–344

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Mekuli E (1959) Prilog poznavaњu piroplazmoza domaħih životiњa na Kosovu i Metohiji. Acta Vet (Beogr) 9:103–112

    Google Scholar 

  • Mikačić D (1965) Krpelji primorskog pojasa Jugoslavije. 3. Rasprostranjenost i dinamika pojedinih vrsta u toku godine. Vet Arh 35:155–170

    Google Scholar 

  • Milutinović M, Pavlović I, Kulisić Z (1997) Fauna of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of south-east Kosovo. Acta Vet (Beogr) 47:167–170

    Google Scholar 

  • Milutinović M, Radulović Z (2002) Ecological notes on ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Serbia (central regions). Acta Vet (Beogr) 52:49–58

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Morariu S, Dărăbus G, Oprescu I, Mederle N, Moraru EG, Morariu F (2006) Etiologia infestaţiei cu purici la câini şi pisici din trei judeţe ale României. Rev Sci Parasitol 6:67–73

    Google Scholar 

  • Moskvin SN (1958) Gel’mintofauna domačnyh životnyh Narodnoj Respublikii Albanii. Trudy Moskovsk Vet Akad 27:172–189 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Müller J (1986) Das aktuelle Flohspektrum (Siphonaptera) auf Stadthunden. Wiss Zschr Univ Leipzig, Math-Natwiss Reihe 35:653–659

    Google Scholar 

  • Müller J, Kutschmann K (1985) Flohnachweise (Siphonaptera) auf Hunden im Einzugsbereich der Magdeburger Poliklinik für kleine Haus- und Zootiere. Angew Parasitol 26:197–203

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Niak A (1972) The prevalence of Toxocara cati and other parasites in Liverpool cats. Vet Rec 91:534–536

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Nijhof AM, Bodaan C, Postigo M, Nieuwenhujs H, Opsteegh M, Franssen L, Jebbink F, Jongejan F (2007) Ticks and associated pathogens collected from domestic animals in the Netherlands. Vector-borne Zoonotic Dis 7:585–596

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Omeragić J (2008) Istraživanje krpelja familije Ixodidae na području Bosne i Hercegovine. Dissertation, Fak. Vet., University of Sarajevo, Bosnia i Herzegovina

  • Omeragić J, Jažič A, Zuko A (2003) Paraziti pasa i mačaka na području Bosne i Hercegovine ustanovljeni do 2002. godine. Veterinaria (Sarajevo) 52:157–164

    Google Scholar 

  • Oswald B (1938) O vrstama, pojavi i rasprostranjenosti krpelja u Jugoslaviji, s osobitim obzirom na Južnu Srbiju. Jugoslov Vet Glasnik 18:54–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Papadopoulos B, Morel PC, Aeschlimann A (1996) Ticks of domestic animals in the Macedonia of Greece. Vet Parasitol 63:25–40

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Papazahariadou MG, Saridomichelakis MN, Koutinas AF, Papadopoulos EG, Leontides L (2003) Tick infestation of dogs in Thessaloniki, northern Greece. Med Vet Entomol 17:110–113

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Parola P (2004) Tick-borne rickettsial diseases: emerging risks in Europe. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 27:297–304

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Parola P, Dovoust B, Raoult D (2005) Tick- and flea-borne rickettsial emerging zoonoses. Vet Res 36:469–492

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pavlidou V, Gerou S, Kahrimanidou M, Para A (2008) Ticks infesting domestic animals in northern Greece. Exp Appl Acarol 45:195–198

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pavlović I, Milutinović M, Petrović D, Terzin D, Terzin V (2002) Epizootiological research of canine babesiosis in the Belgrade district. J Protozool Res 12:10–15

    Google Scholar 

  • Petrovec M, Sixl W, Marth E, Bushati N, Wüst G (2003) Domestic animals as indicators of Anaplasma species species infections in northern Albania. Ann New York Acad Sci 990:112–115

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Petroviћ Z, Borђoški A (1955) Prilog poznavaњu faune krpelљa NR Crne Gore. Acta Vet (Beogr) 5:35–41

    Google Scholar 

  • Peus F (1938) Die Flöhe. Verl P Schöps, Leipzig

    Google Scholar 

  • Piotrowski F (1979) Ectoparasites of dogs and cats, their importance and distribution in Europe. Wiad Parazytol 25:387–397

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Piotrowski F, Połomska J (1975) Pasożyty zewnętrzne psa domowego (Canis familiaris L.) z terenu Gdańska. Wiad Parazytol 21:441–451

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Principato M, Di Guiseppe S, Camerlengo L, Liottier B (1989) Étude préliminare sur la distribution saisonniere de certains Ixodidae (Acarina, Ixodoidea) d’intérêt sanitarie dans la province de Perouse (Italie centrale). Bull Soc Franc Parasitol 7:269–276

    Google Scholar 

  • Prokopič Â (1960) Rezultaty gel’mintologičeskih issledovanij sobak i košek v Albanii. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:139–149 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Raschka C, Ribbeck R, Haupt W (1994) Untersuchungen zum Ektoparasitenbefall bei streunenden Katzen. Monatsh Veterinarmed 49:257–261

    Google Scholar 

  • Rataj AA, Posedi J, Bidovec A (2004) Ectoparasites: Otodectes cynotis, Felicola subrostratus and Notoedres cati in the ear of cats. Slov Vet Res 41:89–92

    Google Scholar 

  • Rinaldi L, Spera G, Musella V, Carbone S, Veneziano V, Iori A, Cringoli G (2007) A survey of fleas on dogs in southern Italy. Vet Parasitol 148:375–378

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rosický B (1958) Parasitologická expedice ČSAV v Albánské Lidové Republice. Vestnik Ceskoslov Akad Ved 67:638–643

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosický B (1960) Résultats des recherches faites par l’expedition parasitologique de l’Academie des sciences tchécoslovaque en Albanie. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:5–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosický B, Gjini N (1960) Blohi (Aphaniptera) i ih hozâeva, najdennye parazitologičeskoj èkspediciej Čehoslovackoj Akademii Nauk v Albanii. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:5–16 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosický B, Černý V, Luli M (1960) Contribution à l’étude sur la présence, la distribution et la bionomie des tiques (Ixodoidea) en Albanie. Ceskoslov Parasitol 7:159–188

    Google Scholar 

  • Rovery C, Brouqui P, Raoult D (2008) Questions on mediterranean spotted fever a century after its discovery. Emerg Infect Dis 14:1360–1367

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rudzińska M, Sulgostowska T (1996) Pchły pasożytujące u psów z dwóch warszawskich schronsik, miejskiego i podmiejskiego. Wiad Parazytol 42:229–234

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sabolić M (1997) Najčešće bolesti kože u pasa i mačaka s posebnim osvrtom na raširenost, dijagnostiku i liječenje—veterinarska stanica Varaždin (u razdoblju od 1994. do 1996.). Vet Stn 28:329–335

    Google Scholar 

  • Schulze P (1918) Ein Beitrag zur Zeckenfauna Mazedoniens. Sitzungsber Ges Naturforsch Freunde Berlin: 61–66

    Google Scholar 

  • Shaw SE, Day MJ, Birtles RJ, Breitschwerdt EB (2001) Tick-borne infectious diseases of dogs. Trends Parasitol 17:74–80

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sobrero L, Manilla G (1988) Aggiornamenti sulle zecche d’Italia. Bonifica 4, Suppl. 2

  • Sotira B (2000) Zoonotic diseases of major concern in Albania. WHO mediterranean zoonoses control centre. Inf Circular 49:6–8

    Google Scholar 

  • Sotiraki ST, Koutinas AF, Leontides LS, Adamama-Moraitou KK, Himonas CA (2001) Factors affecting the frequency of ear canal and face infestation by Otodectes cynotis in the cat. Vet Parasitol 96:309–315

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Stella E, Khoury C, D’Amato FR, Rivosecchi L (1988) Nuovi dati sulla biologia di Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Ixodidae) nella periferia di Roma. Riv Parassitol 49:3–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Supperer R, Hinaidy HK (1986) Ein Beitrag zum Parasitenbefall der Hunde und Katzen in Österreich. Dtsch Tierarztl Wschenschr 93:383–386

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Tomaševiħ T (1962) Prilog poznavaњu piroplazmoza domaħih životiњa i faune krpelљa Crne Gore. Acta Vet (Beogr) 12:64–72

    Google Scholar 

  • Tovornik D, Vesenjak-Hirjan J (1988) A revision of ticks belonging to the Rhipicephalus sanguineus complex (Latreille), collected in the Yugoslav coastal region. Biol Vestn 36:77–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Tovornik D, Vesenjak-Hirjan J (1989) Invazija iksodidnih krpelja iz kompleksa Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) na domaće životinje na otoku Mljetu. In: Kesić B, Vesenjak-Hirjan J (eds) Otok Mljet. Ekološke i zdravstven prilike. Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. Razred zu medicinske znanosti, Zagreb, pp 71–82

    Google Scholar 

  • Visser M, Rehbein S, Wiedemann C (2001) Species of flea (Siphonaptera) infesting pets and hedgehogs in Germany. J Vet Med Ser B 48:197–202

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wagner J (1939) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Aphinapterenfauna Jugoslaviens. Glasnik Skopskog Naučn Društva 20:155–163

    Google Scholar 

  • Wall R, Shaw SE, Penaliggon J (1997) The prevalence of flea species on cats and dogs in Ireland. Med Vet Entomol 11:404–406

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Zakson M, Gregory LM, Endris RG, Shoop WL (1995) Effect of combing time on cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) recovery from dogs. Vet Parasitol 60:149–153

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Zanaj S, Malaj Z, Koidheli A (2002) Rivlerësim i ixodidofaunës së dhenëve. Rev Vet (Tirana) 2:74–85

    Google Scholar 

  • Zarzèrè K (1988) Dannye o ètiologii parazitarnoj invazii mel’kih životnyh. Arch Vet 18:47–85 (in Russian)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zenner L, Drevon E (2003) Etude épidémiologique des populations de tiques rencontrées dans 12 clientèles de l’Ain et de la Haute-Savoie. Rev Med Vet 154:225–230

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Steffen Rehbein.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Xhaxhiu, D., Kusi, I., Rapti, D. et al. Ectoparasites of dogs and cats in Albania. Parasitol Res 105, 1577–1587 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-009-1591-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-009-1591-x

Keywords

Navigation