Skip to main content
Log in

Monitoring of Culicoides at 20 locations in northwest Germany

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Parasitology Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

An Erratum to this article was published on 12 May 2009

Abstract

Entomological monitoring was carried out from April 2007 to May 2008 at 20 locations in the areas of Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, and Bremen. A total number of 26 Culicoides species were sampled by light traps during the first week of every month. Culicoides diversity was highest in summer, achieving more than 20 species and genera per month. Numbers of Culicoides were highest in spring and summer with a maximum of 325,000 individuals in May 2008 at a single location. During the winter, the number of individuals decreased considerably, but few individuals of Culicoides were present even during the coldest months in January and February with Culicoides obsoletus remaining the only species complex. The total number of Ceratopogonidae and the number of individuals from C. obsoletus complex and Culicoides pulicaris complex were significantly correlated with temperature almost at any date and location.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Borkent A (2008) World species of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Available at http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/cee/FLYTREE/Borkent.html

  • Havelka P, Aguilar M (1999) Ceratopogonidae. In: Schumann H, Bährmann R, Stark A (eds) Checkliste der Dipteren Deutschlands. Stud Dipterol Suppl 2:33–38

  • Institute for Animal Health (2008) A guide to the British Culicoides. Available at http://www.iah.ac.uk/bluetongue/culicoides/deltus.html. Accessed 1 November 2008

  • Kampen H, Kiel E (2006) Die Ceratopogoniden Deutschlands aus (veterinär) medizinisch-entomologischer Sicht, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Rolle als Überträger des Blauzungenvirus. Nutztier aktuell Heft 19:48–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Olbrich S (1987) Untersuchungen zur Biologie von Gnitzen der Gattung Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) an Weidetieren in Norddeutschland. Ergebnisse aus dem Freiland und dem Laboratorium. Dissertation Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover

Download references

Acknowledgement

We are grateful to Dr. H.-J. Bätza (BMELV) who initiated this study. Many thanks to all the assistants for their tireless effort in sorting the insects and to Dr. Doreen Werner for the determination. Sincerest thanks also are given to the 20 farmer families who supported our studies for 1.5 years. Without their helpful assistance, this monitoring would not have been realized. Furthermore, we are grateful to Dr. Freise and Dr. Schmedt auf der Günne (LAVES) for supporting our study and responding to all our questions.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Ellen Kiel or Gabriele Liebisch.

Additional information

An erratum to this article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-009-1464-3

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kiel, E., Liebisch, G., Focke, R. et al. Monitoring of Culicoides at 20 locations in northwest Germany. Parasitol Res 105, 351–357 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-009-1409-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-009-1409-x

Keywords

Navigation