Parasitology Research

, Volume 103, Supplement 1, pp 29–43 | Cite as

Mosquito-borne viruses in Europe

  • Zdenek HubálekEmail author


The number of mosquito-borne viruses (‘moboviruses’) occurring in Europe since the twentieth century now stands at ten; they belong to three families—Togaviridae (Sindbis, Chikungunya), Flaviviridae (West Nile, Usutu, Dengue), and Bunyaviridae (Batai, Ťahyňa, Snowshoe hare, Inkoo, Lednice). Several of them play a definite role in human or animal pathology (Sindbis, Chikungunya, Dengue, West Nile, Ťahyňa). Mobovirus outbreaks are strictly determined by the presence and/or import of particular competent vectors of the disease. Ecological variables affect moboviruses considerably; the main factors are population density of mosquito vectors and their vertebrate hosts, intense summer precipitations or floods, summer temperatures and drought, and presence of appropriate habitats, e.g., wetlands, small water pools, or intravillan sewage systems. A surveillance for moboviruses and the diseases they cause in Europe is recommendable, because the cases may often pass unnoticed or misdiagnosed not only in free-living vertebrates but also in domestic animals and even in humans.


West Nile Virus Vertebrate Host Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Chikungunya Prototype Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The review was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Academy of Sciences (IAA 600930611).


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© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Vertebrate BiologyAcademy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic

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