Parasitology Research

, 103:691 | Cite as

Studies on effect of Acalypha indica L. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extracts on the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera:Culicidae)

  • M. GovindarajanEmail author
  • A. Jebanesan
  • T. Pushpanathan
  • K. Samidurai
Original Paper


The leaf extract of Acalypha indica with different solvents viz, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol were tested for larvicidal, ovicidal activity and oviposition attractancy against Anopheles stephensi. The larval mortality was observed after 24 h exposure. The LC50 values are 19.25, 27.76, 23.26 and 15.03 ppm, respectively. Mean percent hatchability of the ovicidal activity was observed 120 h after treatment. The percent hatchability was inversely proportional to the concentration of extract and directly proportional to the eggs. The highest effective attractancy of 90.09%, 94.20%, 85.43% and 95.75% were observed at 100 ppm concentration viz, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively. The lowest effective attractancy of 47.17%, 61.94%, 49.28% and 68.12% were observed at 25 ppm concentration viz, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively. The results that the leaf extract of A. indica is promising as larvicidal and ovicidal activity and oviposition attractancy against malaria vector A. stephensi.


Malaria Leaf Extract Larvicidal Activity Curcuma Longa Azadirachta Indica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Professor and Head, Department of Zoology, Annamalai University for the facilities provided and encouragement.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Govindarajan
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Jebanesan
    • 1
  • T. Pushpanathan
    • 1
  • K. Samidurai
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Vector Biology, Department of ZoologyAnnamalai UniversityTamil NaduIndia

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