Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 5, pp 1077–1079 | Cite as

Trombiculidae larvae (Neotrombicula autumnalis) infestation in a Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) in Turkey

  • Duygu CakirogluEmail author
  • Didem Pekmezci
  • Yücel Meral
  • Güvenç Gokalp
  • Mustafa Acici
Short Communication


With this case report, we describe Trombiculidae larvae (Neotrombicula autumnalis) infestation in a Little Bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) which was brought to our clinics by the Directorship of Environmental and Forestry authorities of Samsun, Turkey in April, 2007. The male Little Bittern (I. minutus), with a black back and crown, and black wings with a large white patch on each wing, had thick Trombiculidae larvae infestation both on its legs. There were neither dermatological nor general conditional changes observed, except its superficial larval attachments to the skin. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Trombiculidae larvae (N. autumnalis) infestation in a Little Bittern (I. minutus) in Turkey.


Typhus Scrub Typhus Trichlorfon Chigger Mite Mite Larva 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baker EW, Evans TM, Gould DJ, Hull WB, Keegan HL (1956) A manual of parasitic mites of medical or economic importance. National Pest Control Association, Inc., New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  2. Coignoul F (1976) Infestation par les Trombididae chez les carnivores domestiques. Ann Med Veter 120:549–550Google Scholar
  3. Daniel M (1961) The bionomics and developmental cycle of some chiggers (Acariformes, Trombiculidae) in the Slovak Carpathians. Parasitol 7:31–118Google Scholar
  4. Dietsch VT (2005) A Comparison of Ectoparasite Infestation by Chigger Mite Larvae (Acarina: Trombiculidae) on Resident and Migratory Birds in Chiapas, Mexico Illustrating a Rapid Visual Assessment Protocol. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-191Google Scholar
  5. Dietsch VT (2007) A Relationship Between Avian Foraging Behavior and Infestation by Trombiculid Larvae (Acari) in Chiapas, Mexico Biotropica (OnlineEarlyArticles)
  6. Domrow R (1962) Mammals of Innisfail. II. Their mite parasites. Aust J Zool 10:268–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Domrow R (1967) Mite parasites of small mammals from scrub typhus foci in Australia. Aust J Zool 15:759–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Domrow R, Lester LN (1985) Chiggers of Australia (Acari: Trombiculidae): An annotated checklist, keys and bibliography. Aust J Zool. Supplementary Series, No.114, CSIRO, pp. 1–111. Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  9. Ewing HE (1944) The trombiculid mites (chigger mites) and their relation to disease. J Parisitol 30:339–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Furman DP, Catts EP (1982) Manual of Medical Entomology. Fourth edition, Cambridge University Press New York, USA p. 207.Google Scholar
  11. Literak I, Honza M, Pinowska B, Haman A (2001) Larvae of trombiculid mites (Acarina: Trombiculidae) in wild birds in Slovak and Polish Carpathians. Acta Vet Brno 70:479–483Google Scholar
  12. Literak I, Kocianova E, Dusbabek F, Martinu J, Podzemny P, Sychra O (2007) Winter infestation of wild birds by ticks and chiggers (Acari: Ixodidae, Trombiculidae) in the Czech Republic. Parasitol Res Nov 101(6):1709–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. O’Callaghan MG, Carmicheal IH, Finniie JW, Conaghty S (1994) Lesions associated with infestation of a yellow-footed rock wallaby (Petrogale xanthopus xanthopus) with larvae of Odontacarus (Leogonius) adelaideae (Womersley) (Acarina: Trombiculidae) in South Australia. J Wildl Dis 30(2):257–259PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Philips JR (1998) Mites (ectoparasites, poultry). In: Aiello S (ed) The Merck Veterinary Manual (Eighth Edition). Merck and Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA, pp 1958–1960Google Scholar
  15. Proctor H, Owens I (2000) Mites and birds: diversity, parasitism and coevolution. Trends Ecol Evol 15:358–364PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Soulsby EJL (1986) Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals. Bailliere Tindall, London, p 809Google Scholar
  17. Wharton GW, Fuller HS (1952) A manual of the chiggers. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Wash., No. 4, Washington, DC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duygu Cakiroglu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Didem Pekmezci
    • 1
  • Yücel Meral
    • 1
  • Güvenç Gokalp
    • 1
  • Mustafa Acici
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal DiseasesUniversity of Ondokuz MayısSamsunTurkey
  2. 2.Department of ParasitologyUniversity of Ondokuz MayısSamsunTurkey

Personalised recommendations