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Parasitology Research

, 102:907 | Cite as

Susceptibility of immature stages of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti; vector of dengue and chikungunya to insecticides from India

  • S. N. TikarEmail author
  • M. J. Mendki
  • K. Chandel
  • B. D. Parashar
  • Shri Prakash
Original Paper

Abstract

Susceptibility of Aedes aegypti to some insecticides in different geographic areas was conducted during dengue and chikungunya outbreak. At present, the only method of preventing dengue and chikungunya is to control the vector, which is the weakest link in vector-borne diseases. In our study, the susceptibility of A. aegypti collected from urban areas of Delhi, Mumbai, Jodhpur, Chennai and Coimbatore was evaluated against temephos, fenthion, malathion and DDT. The A. aegypti from different locations exhibited 0.33–7.11, 0.36–3.00, 0.65–2.84 and 2.16–20.8 fold more lethal concentration value of 50% (LC50) to temephos, fenthion, malathion and DDT, respectively, compared to susceptible reference strain. The result reveals that A. aegypti from various locations studied are still susceptible to temephos, fenthion and malathion, whereas low level of DDT resistance was noticed in field-collected A. aegypti. Amongst the insecticides tested, temephos was found to be relatively more effective in controlling A. aegypti, followed by fenthion, malathion and DDT.

Keywords

Malathion Insecticide Resistance Deltamethrin Chikungunya Chikungunya Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are thankful to Dr. R. Vijayaraghavan, Director, DRDE, Gwalior for providing all necessary facilities to conduct this research work. The authors also thank Dr. R. Bhattacharya, DRDE for necessary suggestions in reviewing the manuscript. The authors are also thankful to Municipal Health Officer; MCD; New Delhi, Municipal Health Officer; BMC; Mumbai, Municipal Health Officer; Municipal Corporation; Chennai, SHO Jodhpur Cantonment, Dr. Murugan, Bharthiyar Univesity, Coimbatore for help in getting Aedes aegypti samples. Sincere thanks to scientists and supporting staff of the Entomology Division for their kind cooperation in carrying out the above research work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Tikar
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. J. Mendki
    • 1
  • K. Chandel
    • 1
  • B. D. Parashar
    • 1
  • Shri Prakash
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Research and Development EstablishmentDefence R&D OrganizationGwaliorIndia

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