Identification of differentially expressed genes in female Culex pipiens pallens
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Culex pipiens pallens is the mosquito vector of a number of human pathogens such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and epidemic encephalitis B virus. Female C. pipiens pallens play an important role in transmitting pathogens by sucking blood, which is essential for reproduction. In the present study, a subtractive cDNA library for female C. pipiens pallens was constructed by the suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) technique and then 100 clones from the female SSH library were sequenced and analyzed. Female-differentially expressed genes in C. pipiens pallens were screened using semiquantitative RT-PCR. The full-length cDNA of an EST sequence (fs68) that was specifically expressed in female C. pipiens pallens was characterized by 3′ and 5′ rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The characteristics of the female-specific gene were further analyzed using bioinformatics and Northern blot. It was shown that the female-specific gene was a previously uncharacterized gene and may encode a salivary peptide. This putative salivary peptide could be a very important molecule in the blood feeding of female C. pipiens pallens.
KeywordsSuppression Subtractive Hybridization Blood Feeding Subtractive cDNA Library Epidemic Encephalitis Pipiens Pallens
Project support was provided in part by a grant from the Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Science and Technology (grant no. JH200505300494A) to RLZ and from the China National Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists (grant no. 30225033) to XQZ.
The experiments comply with the current laws of the country in which the experiments were performed.
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