Parasitology Research

, Volume 101, Issue 2, pp 301–309 | Cite as

Preliminary characterization of an adult worm “vomit” preparation of Schistosoma mansoni and its potential use as antigen for diagnosis

  • Sandra Planchart
  • Renzo Nino IncaniEmail author
  • Italo Mario Cesari
Original Paper


Schistosoma mansoni is a parasitic trematode of the portal–mesenteric veins with a closed-end intestine. Adult worms regurgitate their intestinal content after digestion, together with constituents of the lining gut. Some of these molecules circulate in the blood and are antigenic. We obtain a “vomit” preparation and preliminary evaluate its biochemical composition and antigenic capacity. The “vomit” preparation was obtained after changes in temperature and solutions of incubation of adult worms between 4 and 37°C. Supernatant was assayed for protein, carbohydrate concentration and enzymatic activities associated to the intestine and to the worm tegument. The antigenicity of the product was evaluated using Western blot (WB) analysis against sera of experimentally infected mice, before and after drug cure, sera from people infected with S. mansoni and from individuals infected with other parasitoses. More carbohydrate than protein was detected in the preparations. Cysteine proteinase (CP), N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase and alkaline phosphatase activities were detected. The latter enzyme activity is a marker of the tegument, suggesting that in spite of careful conditions used to avoid the presence of tegumental material, manipulation of the worms always resulted in the release of tegumental molecules. Cationic exchange chromatography was useful to separate various components of this “vomit” preparation, particularly enzymes responsible for CP activity. Two highly immunogenic and specific duplets were observed in the WB analysis, 31/32- and 38/40-kDa components, the former probably referring to the intestinal CPs Sm31/Sm32. None of the two duplets disappeared after successful chemotherapy during the time of evaluation in mice or humans.


Adult Worm Praziquantel Intestinal Content Schistosoma Mansoni Cysticercosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research received financial support from grants obtained from the World Bank–UNDP–Venezuelan Ministry of Health VEN/96/002, FONACIT S1-2650 and CDCH-Universidad de Carabobo 2002-007. Sandra Planchart received a training grant from OPSU–Alma Mater Program, Venezuela. We wish to express our gratitude to M.Sc. Diana Ballen, Lic. Eva Calviño and Lic. César Matos (Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas) for training in column fractionation, enzymatic assays and for the supply of parasites, Yanett Sáez and Sinecio Rivas (Department of Parasitology, Universidad de Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela) for help with parasite cycle and experimental infections.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandra Planchart
    • 1
  • Renzo Nino Incani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Italo Mario Cesari
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Ciencias de la SaludUniversidad de CaraboboValenciaVenezuela
  2. 2.Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones CientíficasCaracasVenezuela
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculté de MédecineUniversité Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium

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