Anti-T antibodies and peanut-agglutinin-binding glycoproteins in sera of patients with gastric cancer

Abstract

Agglutinating antibodies to neuraminidase-treated red blood cells (anti-T agglutinins) are known to be reduced in patients with gastric cancer. The antigenic determinant of anti-T agglutinin is known to have a disaccharide structure [Gal(β1-3)GalNAc], the same specificity as peanut agglutinin (PNA). We examined sera of 27 patients with gastric cancer and 30 controls for anti-T agglutinins, anti-T antibodies and PNA-binding glycoproteins. Anti-T agglutinins were titrated by a microtiter hemagglutination method. Levels of anti-T antibodies were determined by enzyme immunoassay using synthetic glycoconjugate [Gal(β1-3)GalNAc O-α-linked to human serum albumin] as an antigen. Levels of PNA-binding glycoproteins in sera were measured by sandwich enzyme-linked lectin assay using wheat germ agglutinin and peroxidase-conjugated PNA. Titers of anti-T agglutinins were significantly lower in patients with gastric cancer than in controls (P = 0.041). Levels of anti-T antibodies were not significantly different in patients with gastric cancer and controls; however, decreased levels of anti-T antibodies were more frequent in patients with gastric cancer than in controls (P = 0.001). Levels of PNA-binding glycoproteins were significantly higher in sera of patients with gastric cancer than in controls (P = 0.001). The levels of anti-T antibodies inversely correlated with the levels of PNA-binding glycoproteins in sera of patients with gastric cancer (r = −0.44, P = 0.021). These results suggest that the decrease in anti-T antibodies in sera of patients with gastric cancer might be due to immune complex formation between circulating PNA-binding glycoproteins and anti-T antibodies.

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Received: 3 March 1999 / Accepted: 19 May 1999

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Hwang, I., Nahm, D., Cho, S. et al. Anti-T antibodies and peanut-agglutinin-binding glycoproteins in sera of patients with gastric cancer. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 125, 582–587 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/s004320050320

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  • Key words Anti-T antibodies
  • PNA-binding glycoproteins
  • Gastric cancer