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Breast cancer in young Indian women: factors, challenges in screening, and upcoming diagnostics

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Breast cancer management for young Indian women are full of challenges. The National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) has predicted that nearly 2,30,000 cases of breast cancer will be reported annually by 2025; with a steady increase in cases of young women (< 45 years of age) with breast cancer. In this review, the available literature is evaluated to understand the various risk factors contributing to the rise in cases of breast cancer in young women in India. Further, the challenges that are faced by the technicians in early diagnosis (e.g., physiology of young breasts, limited trained professionals, and awareness among patients, and cost of the treatment) of breast cancer. This review also focuses on the upcoming diagnostics like serum biomarkers and nanosensors for the early identification of the disease. For better prognosis and to reduce the chances of disease reoccurrence and metastasis, it is important that the disease has to be identified at an early stage.

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The manuscript has been written and conceptualized by P.R.

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Correspondence to Pragyan Roy.

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Roy, P. Breast cancer in young Indian women: factors, challenges in screening, and upcoming diagnostics. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 149, 14409–14427 (2023).

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