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Health-related quality of life in children with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase



This study aimed to explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated variables in children with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs).


A cross-sectional questionnaire was given to children with CML and their parents, who were < 18 years at diagnosis of CML and < 19 years at study. The questionnaire comprised three parts, including demographic information, clinical information, and the Chinese version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) Cancer Module 3.0 as HRQoL questionnaire.


A total of 240 respondents data were analyzed. Multivariate analysis showed that children with symptoms had worse pain (− 10.2; P < 0.001), nausea (− 17.3; P = 0.001), more treatment anxiety (− 7.2; P = 0.005), worse self-assessment appearance (− 7.1; P = 0.001), communication problems (− 6.4; P = 0.001), and worse HRQoL (− 7.0; P < 0.001). Children with mothers having low educational qualifications had worse pain (− 6.0; P = 0.014), more worried about future (− 5.4; P = 0.042), worse cognition problems (− 7.1; P = 0.002), worse communication problems (− 5.5; P = 0.008), and worse HRQoL (− 4.3; P = 0.005). Younger age children at study had more procedural anxiety (2.7; P = 0.001), treatment anxiety (− 1.7; P = 0.014) and cognition problem (3.6; P < 0.001), as well as worse HRQoL (1.8; P = 0.008). However, older age children at diagnosis were more worried about future (− 2.8; P = 0.001), worse self-assessment appearance (− 1.1; P = 0.042) and worse HRQoL (− 1.8; P = 0.007). Other variables significantly associated with worse HRQoL included female gender, rural household registration and their father’s low education level. Parents reported more gastrointestinal disorders, were worried about the future and had less concern about appearance than their children.


Female gender, older age at diagnosis, younger age at study, lower mother’s education level, and TKI-related symptoms are significantly associated with worse HRQoL in Children with CML. Children and their parents have different priorities in the HRQoL.

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This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81770161 and No. 81970140). Professor Meinolf Suttorp kindly reviewed the typescript. American Journal Experts ( provided editorial assistance.

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Correspondence to Leping Zhang or Qian Jiang.

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Zheng, F., Dou, X., Zhang, L. et al. Health-related quality of life in children with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 148, 341–350 (2022).

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  • Children
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Health-related quality of life