Evaluation of glucocorticoid sensitivity in 697 pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells after overexpression or silencing of MAP kinase phosphatase-1
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- Abrams, M.T., Robertson, N.M., Litwack, G. et al. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2005) 131: 347. doi:10.1007/s00432-004-0659-3
To determine the effect of modulating MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) expression levels on cell death induced by glucocorticoid (GC) or hydroxyurea (HU) treatment in the human pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line 697.
Stable MKP-1 overexpressing transformants of the 697 pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line were created and tested for sensitivity to the GC triamcinolone acetonide (TA) and HU, and compared to a control 697 cell line containing normal MKP-1 expression levels. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were designed to inhibit MKP-1 expression and evaluated for their effect on GC-mediated cell death.
MKP-1 overexpression caused a phenotype of partial resistance to HU-induced apoptosis but not to GC-induced apoptosis. Electroporation of siRNAs effectively silenced MKP-1 expression, and increased sensitivity to TA by 9.6±1.9%.
Because MKP-1 protects certain tumor cells from chemotherapy-induced apoptosis, its inhibition is being considered as a possible strategy for combination cancer therapy. However, this study suggests that while MKP-1 inhibition may improve the efficacy of DNA damaging agents, it may have only limited utility in combination with glucocorticoids.
KeywordsGlucocorticoid Apoptosis MKP-1 siRNA ALL
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
MAP kinase phosphatase-1
Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction