European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 157, Issue 10, pp 821–823

Supernumerary nipples: prevalence, size, sex and side predilection – a prospective clinical study

  • H. Schmidt

DOI: 10.1007/s004310050944

Cite this article as:
Schmidt, H. Eur J Pediatr (1998) 157: 821. doi:10.1007/s004310050944


The purpose of the following clinical study was to determine the prevalence, size, sex and side predilection of supernumerary nipples. Out of 502 patients, 28 (5.6%) exhibited a supernumerary nipple of small (only areola with diameter less than 30% of normal areola) or middle size (areola with nipple, diameter 30%–50% of normal areola). The male/female ratio was 20/8 and left/right side ratio 15/7 in males and 5/4 in females.

Conclusion A supernumerary areola or a supernumerary areola with nipple is a frequent finding. There is a higher prevalence for the left side and male gender.

Key words Supernumerary nipple Prevalence Side Size Sex 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.University Childrens Hospital, Lindwurmstrasse 4, D-80337 Munich, Germany, Tel.: +49-89-5160-2811, Fax: +49-89-5160-4192DE

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