Aerococcus urinae: a possible reason for malodorous urine in otherwise healthy children
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Recently, Aerococcus urinae, primarily recognized as a common pathogen in elderly women, has been reported to cause an extremely unpleasant odour of the urine in paediatric patients similar to trimethylaminuria (fish odour syndrome). Herein, we present a case of A. urinae urinary tract colonization in a 12-year-old otherwise healthy boy, who finally refused micturition outside from his home environment as a result of the unpleasant odour. Within the last year, three cases (including our own) of A. urinae colonization causing foul-smelling urine in healthy children have been published, suggesting that this condition might be as frequent as trimethylaminuria. In case of polymicrobial growth in a urine specimen, A. urinae as the leading pathogen will usually be missed by routine bacteriological investigation. Novel bacteriological techniques such as MALDI-TOF MS provide a rapid tool to recognize this pathogen in urine. Conclusion: As treatment of A. urinae infection is simple, we recommend that in healthy children with malodorous urine, this pathogen is excluded before the initiation of costly metabolic investigations.
KeywordsAerococcus urinae Malodorous urine Paediatrics MALDI-TOF MS
- A. urinae
- MALDI-TOF MS
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry
NR is supported by a career advancement grant of the University of Basel. The authors would like to thank Dr. Reno Frei for performing the MALDI-TOF MS in the microbiology laboratory at the Basel University Hospital and for helpful comments on the manuscript. They would also like to thank Dr. Martina Huemer, working as an external metabolic consultant at the University Children’s Hospitals of Zurich and Basel, for her support in initiating the metabolic urine analysis and for her helpful comments on the manuscript. Finally, the authors would like to thank Dr. Claus-Dieter Langhans for performing the GCMS analysis at the metabolic laboratory of the Heidelberg University Hospital and for his helpful comments on the manuscript.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
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