European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 171, Issue 5, pp 741–749 | Cite as

Clinical practice

The medical care of children with autism
Review

Abstract

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased considerably in the past decades. The primary care paediatrician plays an important role not only in the early recognition of ASD but also in its chronic management. Paediatricians need to be comfortable with the global care of children with ASD. The diagnostic assessment of children with ASD comprises the medical investigations to identify associated or underlying medical conditions. The most important associated conditions are seizures, feeding and gastrointestinal problems, sleep disturbances and dental abnormalities. The care of ASD patients is very demanding since along with the purely medical issues there are challenging behavioural and psychiatric conditions that need consideration and professional skills.

Keywords

Autism Children Medical care Medical investigations Somatic comorbidities 

Abbreviations

ADHD

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder

ASD

Autism spectrum disorder

CAM

Complementary and alternative medical treatments

CGH

Comparative genomic hybridisation

CNV

Copy number variation

EEG

Electroencephalogram

GI

Gastrointestinal

GERD

Gastro oesophageal reflux disorder

FXS

Fragile X syndrome

FMR1-gene

Fragile X mental retardation-1 gene

TSC

Tuberous sclerosis complex

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Developmental Disabilities, Expertise Centre for AutismUZ LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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