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European Journal of Pediatrics

, 168:1327 | Cite as

The influence of combined exercise training on indices of obesity, physical fitness and lipid profile in overweight and obese adolescents with mental retardation

  • Sami Mohammed Elmahgoub
  • Sabine Lambers
  • Sanne Stegen
  • Christophe Van Laethem
  • Dirk Cambier
  • Patrick CaldersEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Introduction

This study investigated the effect of combined exercise training on indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile in adolescents with mental retardation.

Materials and methods

Thirty adolescents with mental retardation (total IQ, 45–70) received exercise training (n = 15) or no training (n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex and mental retardation. Before and after the intervention period, indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile were measured.

Results

In comparison with the control group, weight, body mass index, waist and fat mass decreased significantly, while relative fat-free mass increased. The level of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein decreased significantly, while high-density lipoprotein increased. Muscle strength, muscle fatigue resistance and sit-to-stand were ameliorated. PeakVO2/peak power decreased significantly. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) increased with 50 m.

Conclusion

In conclusion, combined exercise training has a positive effect on indices of obesity, physical fitness and lipid profile in adolescents with mental retardation.

Keywords

Combined exercise training Mental retardation Body composition Lipid profile Physical fitness 

Abbreviations

IQ

Intelligence quotient

BMI

Body mass index

HR

Heart rate

1RM

One-repetition maximum

FM

Fat mass

FFM

Fat-free mass

VO2

Oxygen consumption

VCO2

Carbon dioxide production

VE

Ventilation

6MWT

6-Min walk test

6MWD

6-Min walk distance

STS

Sit-to-stand test

HDL

High-density lipoprotein

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Directors and physiotherapists of the school settings Ravelijn (Brugge) and De Einder (Oudenaarde) for selecting and encouraging the participants and for their local support of this project.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami Mohammed Elmahgoub
    • 1
  • Sabine Lambers
    • 1
  • Sanne Stegen
    • 1
  • Christophe Van Laethem
    • 1
  • Dirk Cambier
    • 1
  • Patrick Calders
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy Ghent Campus Heymans 1B3University of GhentGhentBelgium

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