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Medical Microbiology and Immunology

, Volume 200, Issue 3, pp 161–164 | Cite as

Do fewer cases of Kaposi’s sarcoma in HIV-infected patients reflect a decrease in HHV8 seroprevalence?

  • Claudia ReinheimerEmail author
  • Regina Allwinn
  • Martin Stürmer
Original Investigation

Abstract

Infection with human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) is associated with development of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS); therefore also known as KS-associated herpes virus. KS is closely associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and consequently HHV8 seroprevalence is higher in HIV-infected compared to HIV-negative patients. Currently, KS is rarely seen in clinical practice, which might be a consequence of an optimized anti-HIV treatment leading to an improved immunological status, or alternatively of a decrease in HHV8 prevalence. To determine the prevalence of HHV8 antibodies in HIV-positive compared to HIV-negative patients from the University Hospital Frankfurt/Main, Germany, and to compare our results with previously published data to illustrate trends in the spread of infection. Hundred serum samples each of HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients were analyzed for HHV8 antibodies by using an IgG immunofluorescence test. The overall HHV8 seroprevalence was 16% with no statistically significant gender-specific differences; however, the distribution between the HIV-infected patients and the HIV-negative control group was significantly different (30 and 2%, respectively). The highest rate of seroprevalence in HIV-infected patients was detected at the age of 40–49 (42%) and the lowest rate at the age of 20–29 years (16.6%). In comparison with formerly conducted studies, our data clearly showed an increase in the HHV8 seroprevalence in HIV-infected patients, both in men and women. Therefore, we conclude that the low rate of clinical KS is associated with an improved immunological status due to an optimized anti-HIV therapy.

Keywords

Seroprevalence Kaposi’s sarcoma HHV8 HIV Frankfurt am Main 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Reinheimer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Regina Allwinn
    • 1
  • Martin Stürmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Medical VirologyJW Goethe University Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany

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