, Volume 218, Issue 6, pp 958–964 | Cite as

Maternal synthesis of abscisic acid controls seed development and yield in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia

  • Anne Frey
  • Béatrice Godin
  • Magda Bonnet
  • Bruno Sotta
  • Annie Marion-Poll
Original Article


The role of maternally derived abscisic acid (ABA) during seed development has been studied using ABA-deficient mutants of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viviani. ABA deficiency induced seed abortion, resulting in reduced seed yield, and delayed growth of the remaining embryos. Mutant grafting onto wild-type stocks and reciprocal crosses indicated that maternal ABA, synthesized in maternal vegetative tissues and translocated to the seed, promoted early seed development and growth. Moreover ABA deficiency delayed both seed coat pigmentation and capsule dehiscence. Mutant grafting did not restore these phenotypes, indicating that ABA synthesized in the seed coat and capsule envelope may have a positive effect on capsule and testa maturation. Together these results shed light on the positive role of maternal ABA during N. plumbaginifolia seed development.


Abscisic acid Dormancy Mutant Nicotiana Seed 



Abscisic acid


Days after pollination







We thank Helen North and Isabelle Debeaujon for their critical reading of the manuscript. We also thank Krystyna Gofron and Michel Lebrusq for technical assistance with plant culture.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Frey
    • 1
  • Béatrice Godin
    • 1
  • Magda Bonnet
    • 2
  • Bruno Sotta
    • 2
  • Annie Marion-Poll
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biologie des SemencesUMR 204 INRA–INAPGVersailles CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire des PlantesUMR 7632 CNRS–Université Pierre et Marie CurieParis Cedex 05France

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