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Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 447, Issue 6, pp 855–866 | Cite as

The slow component of oxygen uptake during intense, sub-maximal exercise in man is associated with additional fibre recruitment

  • Peter Krustrup
  • Karin Söderlund
  • Magni Mohr
  • Jens BangsboEmail author
Exercise, Temperature Regulation

Abstract

Single muscle fibre metabolites and pulmonary oxygen uptake (O2) were measured during moderate and intense, sub-maximal exercise to test the hypothesis that additional fibre recruitment is associated with the slow component of O2. Seven healthy, male subjects performed 20 min moderate (MOD, ~50% ofO2,max) and intense (INT, ~80%O2,max) cycling at 70 rpm. Glycogen content decreased significantly in type I and IIa fibres during INT, but only in type I fibres during MOD. During INT, creatine phosphate (CP) content decreased significantly both in types I and II fibres in the first 3 min (ΔCP: 16.0±2.7 and 16.8±4.7 mmol kg−1 d.w., respectively) and in the next 3 min (ΔCP: 16.2±4.9 and 25.7±6.7 mmol kg−1 d.w., respectively) with no further change from 6–20 min. CP content was below the pre-exercise level (mean−1 SD) in 11, 37, 70 and 74% of the type I fibres after 0, 3, 6 and 20 min of INT, respectively, and in 13, 45, 83 and 74% of the type II fibres. During INT,O2 increased significantly by 6±1 and 4±1% in the periods 3–6 and 6–20 min, respectively (ΔO2,(6−3min): 0.14±0.02 l min−1), whereasO2 was unchanged from 3 to 20 min of MOD. Exponential fitting revealed a slow component of O2 during INT that appeared after ~2.6 min and amounted to 0.24 l min−1. The present study demonstrates that additional type I and II fibres are recruited with time during intense sub-maximal exercise in temporal association with a significant slow component of O2.

Keywords

Single fibres CP and glycogen breakdown Aerobic and anaerobic metabolism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the enthusiastic volunteers participating in the study. We also thank Ingelise Kring, Merete Vannby, Winnie Taagerup and Berit Sjöberg for excellent technical assistance. Furthermore, the valuable work with mathematical modelling ofO2 curves by Dr. Ansgar Sørensen is appreciated. The study was supported by a grant from The Danish National Research Foundation (504-14). In addition, support was obtained from The Sports Research Council (Idraettens Forskningsråd).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag  2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Krustrup
    • 1
  • Karin Söderlund
    • 2
  • Magni Mohr
    • 1
  • Jens Bangsbo
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Department of Human PhysiologyAugust Krogh Institute, University of CopenhagenCopenhagen ØDenmark
  2. 2.University College of Physical Education and Sports and the Department of Physiology and PharmacologyKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden

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